Deuteronomy 20
American Standard Version
Laws of Warfare

1When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, thou shalt not be afraid of them; for Jehovah thy God is with thee, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 2And it shall be, when ye draw nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people, 3and shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, ye draw nigh this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your heart faint; fear not, nor tremble, neither be ye affrighted at them; 4for Jehovah your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you. 5And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it. 6And what man is there that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not used the fruit thereof? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man use the fruit thereof. 7And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her. 8And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man is there that is fearful and faint-hearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart melt as his heart. 9And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people, that they shall appoint captains of hosts at the head of the people.

10When thou drawest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it. 11And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that are found therein shall become tributary unto thee, and shall serve thee. 12And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it: 13and when Jehovah thy God delivereth it into thy hand, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword: 14but the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take for a prey unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which Jehovah thy God hath given thee. 15Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations. 16But of the cities of these peoples, that Jehovah thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth; 17but thou shalt utterly destroy them: the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee; 18that they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so would ye sin against Jehovah your God.

19When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by wielding an axe against them; for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down; for is the tree of the field man, that it should be besieged of thee? 20Only the trees of which thou knowest that they are not trees for food, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it fall.

Section Headings Courtesy INT Bible
© 2012, Used by Permission
1. The priest's exhortation to encourage the people to battle
5. The officers' proclamation of who are to be dismissed from the war
10. How to use the cities that accept or refuse the proclamation of peace
16. What cities must be devoted
19. Trees must not be destroyed in the siege
Deuteronomy 1: The Command to Leave Sinai

Deuteronomy 2: Wanderings in the Wilderness

Deuteronomy 3: King Og Defeated

Deuteronomy 4: An Exhortation to Obedience

Deuteronomy 5: The Covenant in Horeb

Deuteronomy 6: The Greatest Commandment

Deuteronomy 7: Casting Out the Nations

Deuteronomy 8: Remember the Lord Your God

Deuteronomy 9: Assurance of Victory

Deuteronomy 10: The New Tablets of Stone

Deuteronomy 11: Rewards of Obedience

Deuteronomy 12: One Place for Worship

Deuteronomy 13: Idolaters to Be Put to Death

Deuteronomy 14: Clean and Unclean Animals

Deuteronomy 15: The Seventh Year

Deuteronomy 16: The Feast of the Passover

Deuteronomy 17: Detestable Sacrifices

Deuteronomy 18: Provision for Priests and Levites

Deuteronomy 19: The Cities of Refuge

Deuteronomy 20: Laws of Warfare

Deuteronomy 21: The Atonement for An Unsolved Murder

Deuteronomy 22: Various Laws

Deuteronomy 23: Exclusion From the Congregation

Deuteronomy 24: Law of Divorce

Deuteronomy 25: Laws of Fairness

Deuteronomy 26: Offering Firstfruits and Tithes

Deuteronomy 27: The Altar on Mount Ebal

Deuteronomy 28: The Blessings of Obedience

Deuteronomy 29: The Covenant in Moab

Deuteronomy 30: Restoration Promised

Deuteronomy 31: Moses Encourages the People

Deuteronomy 32: The Song of Moses

Deuteronomy 33: The Majesty of God

Deuteronomy 34: The Death of Moses

Deuteronomy 19
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