Strong's Hebrew: 2132. זַ֫יִת (zayith) -- olive tree, olive
2132. zayith
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Lexicon
zayith: olive tree, olive
Original Word: זַ֫יִת
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: zayith
Phonetic Spelling: (zay'-yith)
Short Definition: olive

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
Definition
olive tree, olive
NASB Translation
groves (1), olive (10), olive grove (1), olive groves (5), olive tree (9), olive trees (6), Olives (3), olives (3).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
זַ֫יִת noun masculinePsalm 52:10 olive-tree, olive (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic , זֵיתָא; Ethiopic Arabic olive-tree, olive, olive-oil; see LagM iii. 215 ff HomAufsätze u. Abh., 1892, 94, 99 ff.; √dubious; Thes and most derive from assumed זהה be bright, fresh, luxuriant (see below זִוּ) + ת afformative which is. then treated as radical, compare Sta§ 187 a; but this not certain, compare Ol§ 119 b, 142 a; according to LagArmen. Stud. § 1347 {abbrev}ז is Armen. loan-word, see also LagM 1.c.; BN 219, Anm.); — absolute ׳ז Genesis 8:11, construct זֵית Deuteronomy 8:8; 2 Kings 18:32; suffix זֵיתְךָ Deuteronomy 24:20, זֵיתֶ֑ךָ Exodus 23:11; Deuteronomy 28:40; plural זֵיתִים Deuteronomy 6:11, etc.; —

1 olive-tree Judges 9:8,9 (personified, in Jotham's fable), Hosea 14:7 (simile of beauty), Job 15:33 = (as casting off its flowers, simile of wicked man); in 2 Samuel 15:23 insert אֲשֶׁר ׳הַזּ (before הַמִּדְבָּר, read ׳בַּמּ) ᵐ5L Dr; also plural of two olive-trees Zechariah 4:3,11; רַעֲנָן ׳ז Psalm 52:10 fresh, (thriving) olive-tree (simile of prosperity), so Jeremiah 11:16; ׳עֲלֶהזֿ Genesis 8:11(J) olive-branch, sprig, compare Nehemiah 8:15 (here + עֲלֵי עֵץשֶֿׁמֶן, etc.); also plural שְׁתִלֵי זֵיתִים Psalm 128:3 olive-shoots (simile of children); שִׁבֲּלֵי זֵיתִים Zechariah 4:12 olive-branches (in Zechariah's vision); זַיִת in representative or collective sense, = olive-trees, groups of growing olive-trees, as property, source of wealth, olive-yards Exodus 23:11 (J E; + כֶּרֶם), Judges 15:5 (+ id.); עֵץהַֿזַּיִת Haggai 2:19 (+ הַגֶּפֶן וְהַתְּאֵנָה וְהָרִמּוֺן); also in phrase כִּחֵשׁ מַעֲשֵׂהזַֿיִת Habakkuk 3:17 the bearing, yield, of olive-trees ("" וּשְׁדֵמוֺר לֹאעָֿשָׂה אֹכֶל, compare also תְּאֵנָה and יְבוּל גֶּפֶן va); specifically זֵית שֶׁמֶן, oil-yielding olive-trees Deuteronomy 8:8 compare 2 Kings 18:32; ׳נֹקֶף ז striking or beating of olive-trees Isaiah 17:6; Isaiah 24:13 (simile of desolation at judgment of ׳י), compare תַחְבֹּט ׳כִּ זֵיתְךָ Deuteronomy 24:20; rather more often plural; Amos 4:9 ("" גַּנּוֺת, כְּרָמִים, תְּאֵנִים), 1 Samuel 8:14 ("" שָׂדוֺת, כְּרָמִים), compare also Deuteronomy 6:11; Deuteronomy 28:40a Joshua 24:13; 2 Kings 5:26; 1 Chronicles 27:28; Nehemiah 5:11; Nehemiah 9:25.

2 of fruit of olive-tree, olives: Deuteronomy 28:40b (with שֶׁמֶן); תִּדְרֹךְ זַיִת Micah 6:15 ("" שֶׁמֶן); also שֶׁמֶן זַיִת olive-oil Exodus 27:20; Exodus 30:24 (P) Leviticus 24:2 (H).

3 in designations of place: מַעֲלֵה הַזֵּיתִים 2 Samuel 15:30 the ascent of the olive-trees (ᵐ5 ἐν τῇ ἀναβάσει τῶν ἐλαιῶν = Mount of Olives); הַרהַֿזֵּיתִים Zechariah 14:4 (twice in verse) (ᵐ5τὸ ὄρος τῶν ἐλαιῶν); the well-known hill east of Jerusalem (NT usually as Zechariah 14:4 ᵐ5, e.g. Mark 13:3; compare also הָהָר 1 Kings 11:7; Ezekiel 11:33; Nehemiah 8:15; ᵑ7 טזּר זֵיתַיָּא 2 Kings 23:13 compare 2 Samuel 15:30; Zechariah 14:4 etc.; ᵑ7 Songs 8:5 טוּר מִשְׁחָא, and so Talmud etc.)



Strong's
olive tree Olivet

Probably from an unused root (akin to Ziv); an olive (as yielding illuminating oil), the tree, the branch or the berry -- olive (tree, -yard), Olivet.

see HEBREW Ziv

2131
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