Brown-Driver-Briggs חָתַם verb seal, affix seal, seal up
(Late Hebrew id.
; Aramaic חֲתַם
) is loan-word according to Frä252
Qal Imperfect3masculine singular יַחְתֹּם Job 9:7; Job 33:6, יַחְתּוֺם Job 37:7, וַיַּחְתֹּם Esther 8:10, etc.; Imperative חֲתֹם Daniel 12:4, חֲתוֺם Isaiah 8:16, חִתְמוּ Esther 8:8; Infinitive absolute חָתוֺם Jeremiah 32:44; construct לַחְתֹּם Daniel 9:24, + Daniel 9:24 Kt (Qr לְהָתֵם); Participle active חוֺתֵם Ezekiel 28:12; pass. חָתוּם Deuteronomy 32:24 2t., etc.; —
1 seal, affix one's seal, in attestation; seal with king's seal (בְּחֹתָמוֺ) 1 Kings 21:8, בְּטַבַּעַת המלך Esther 8:8,10; of covenant with ׳י, attested by seal (passive) Nehemiah 10:1; Nehemiah 10:2; figurative, of ׳י putting his seal upon (בְּ) discipline, i.e. ratifying it, Job 33:16; perhaps also upon hand of man (that man may know ׳יs ways) Job 37:7 see De; Di below
2 seal up hand of man, so that he cannot work with it (in winter).
2 seal up, fasten up by sealing, a deed of sale Jeremiah 32:10,11(opposed to הַגָּלוּי that which was left open,), Jeremiah 32:14; Jeremiah 32:44, a book of prophecy Daniel 12:4 ("" סְתֹם הַדְּבָרים), compare Daniel 12:9 ("" id.), Daniel 9:24 b; so in simileof unintelligible prophecy Isaiah 29:11 (twice in verse); חֲתֹם תּוֺרָה בְּלְמֻּדָ֑י Isaiah 8:16 seal up the teaching among my disciples, i.e. keep it securely ("" צוֺר); of ׳יs remembrance of offences חָתוּם בְּאוֺצְרֹתָ֑י Deuteronomy 32:34 ("" כָּמֻס עְמָּדִי), so חָתוּם בִּצְרוֺר מִּשְׁעִי Job 14:17 ("" וַתִּטְמֹּל עַלעֲֿוֺנִי); מַעְיָן חָתוּם Songs 4:12 a fountain sealed up, metaphor of chaste woman ("" גַּן (גַּל) נָעוּל); ׳וּבְעַד כּוֺכָבִים יַח Job 9:7 and about the stars he putteth a seal ("" of forbidding sun to rise). — אַתָּה חוֺתֵם תָּכְנִית Ezekiel 28:12 is obscure: thou wast one sealing proportion, i.e. perfection, — wast complete perfection, Ges Sm.; wast a sealer of symmetry see Da; wast a seal (ring) — i.e. חוֺתַם construct — of proportion Manuscripts ᵐ5 ᵑ9 Hi compare Ew; text perhaps corrupt, see suggestions in Co. — Daniel 9:24 a read Qr לְהָתֵם (see תמם). Job 33:16; Job 37:7 see below
1. Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular [or Participle?] נִכְתָּ֔ב וְנֶחְתָּ֖ם Esther 3:12 (it was) written and sealed בְּטַבַּעַת הַמֶּלֶךְ; Infinitive absolute וְנַחְתּוֺם Esther 8:8 (continuing participle נִכְתָּ֣ב) also + ׳בְּטַבַּעַת הַמּ; both passive of
Qal 1. Pi`el Perfect3plural יוֺמָם חִתְּמוּלָֿמוֺ Job 24:16 literally by day they seal up for themselves, i.e. according to most, they shut themselves up, do not shew themselves ("" לֹא יָדְעוּ אוֺר); ᵐ5 C has ἡμέρας ἐσφράγισαν εἀυτοῖ ς (B and others εἁυτους), whence Siegf conjecture plausibly ׳ל ׳יָמִים ח they seal up the days unto themselves, i.e. daytime is for them sealed up and unused.
Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular אוֺהֶֿחְתִּים בְּשָׁרוֺ מִזּוֺבוֺ Leviticus 15:3 or hath his flesh (genital organ) shewn stoppage by reason of his flux.
[חֲתַם] verb seal (see Biblical Hebrew); —
Pe`al Perfect3masculine singular suffix (of stone) חַתְמֶהּ Daniel 6:18 (ב instrumental).