Strong's Hebrew: 5975. עָמַד (amad) -- to take one's stand, stand
5975. amad
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Lexicon
amad: to take one's stand, stand
Original Word: עָמַד
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: amad
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-mad')
Short Definition: stand

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to take one's stand, stand
NASB Translation
abiding (1), act (1), appoint (2), appointed (15), arise (11), arisen (1), arose (3), attend* (1), attended (1), broke (1), changed (1), confirmed (2), continue (1), defend (2), delay (2), endure (5), endures (4), enduring (1), enter (1), entered (2), erected (1), establish (1), established (2), establishing (1), fixed (1), fulfill (1), gives stability (1), halt (1), halted (1), hung (6), join (1), last (1), living (1), make a stand (1), oppose (1), opposed (2), persists (1), place (1), placed (2), present (3), presented (1), presented* (1), propped (2), quake (1), raise (2), raised (1), refrain (1), rely (1), remain (5), remained (4), remains (5), replaces* (1), represent (1), resist* (1), restore (2), restored (2), retains (1), rise (2), rose (1), serve (1), served (3), served* (4), service* (3), serving (1), set (12), sets (3), stand (121), stand still (1), standing (67), standing upright (2), stands (15), station (1), stationed (8), stay (8), stayed (2), staying (1), stood (110), stood firm (1), stood still (11), stop (3), stopped (9), survives (1), take a stand (1), take their stand (1), took his stand (1), took their stand (1), wait (1), waited (1), withstand (1), withstand* (1), withstanding (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
עָמַד520 take one's stand, stand (Late Hebrew id.; Phoenician עמד; Assyrian emêdu, stand, set up; Arabic prop up, support, and derivatives; Ethiopic pillar; ᵑ7 עַמּוּדָא pillar, Syriac , Palmyrene עמודא, compare also proper name תימעמד; Sabean עמד pillar, according to CISiv. 91 (or other derivatives from √ עמד DHMZMG xxxvii (1883), 5), plural אעמדן pillars DHMEpigr. Denkm. sus Abess. 80); —

Qal435 Perfect ׳ע Genesis 19:27 +, 3 feminine singular עָֽמְדָה 2 Kings 13:6 +, etc.; Imperfect יַעֲמֹד Exodus 21:21, יַעֲמוֺד Nahum 1:6 +, יַעֲמָדֿ 1 Samuel 16:22 +; 1 singular אֶעֱמֹ֑דָה Habakkuk 2:1, וָאֶעֱמֹד 2 Samuel 1:10; 3masculine plural יַעַמְדוּ Jeremiah 32:14 +, יַעֲמֹ֑דוּ Ezekiel 1:21 +, 2 masculine plural וַתַּעַמְדוּן Deuteronomy 4:11, etc.; Imperative עֲמֹד 1 Samuel 9:27 +, עֲמָדֿ 2 Samuel 1:9; feminine singular עִמְדִי Isaiah 47:12; Jeremiah 48:19, etc.; Infinitive absolute עָמֹד Esther 9:16; construct עֲמֹד Exodus 18:23 +, suffix עָמְדִי Jeremiah 18:20, עֲמָדְךָ Obadiah 11, etc.; Participle עֹמֵד Isaiah 3:13 +, feminine עֹמֶ֫דֶת Haggai 2:5 +, etc.; —

1. a. take one's stand, and (especially participle) stand, be in a standing attitude: with עַל by, 1 Samuel 26:13; 2 Samuel 2:25; 2 Kings 2:7 +, so participle Genesis 18:8 (J), Genesis 41:1,17 (E) +, עַל on, Exodus 3:5 (E), Deuteronomy 27:12 +; with ב location Exodus 32:26; Numbers 22:24,26 (all J E), +; with אֶל location 1 Kings 20:38 (+ לְ person), Jeremiah 48:19; Ezekiel 21:26; Ezekiel 27:29; with אֶל person 1 Samuel 17:51; 2 Kings 5:25; with אֵצֶל Genesis 41:3 (E), Ezekiel 9:2; Ezekiel 10:6; Nehemiah 8:4; with לִפְנֵי Genesis 18:22; 1 Kings 3:16; 1 Kings 8:22 +; before ׳י, for intercession Genesis 19:27 (J), Deuteronomy 4:10; Jeremiah 15:1; Jeremiah 18:20, etc.; take one's stand and do a thing 1 Samuel 17:8; 1 Kings 8:55; 2 Kings 18:28 = Isaiah 36:13 +; followed by infinitive 1 Kings 8:11 2Chronicles 5:14 +.

b. stand forth (to speak, etc.) 2 Kings 10:9 +.

c. take a stand against (עַל), in opposition to, Judges 6:31; Ezra 10:15 (but stand over, = have charge of, according to KueGes. Abh. 247 f.) 2 Chronicles 26:18; compare עַלדַּֿם Leviticus 19:16 (H) against the blood of, i.e. seek one's blood, life; with יָ֑חַד Isaiah 50:8 together, i.e. against each other.

d. present oneself before (לִפְנֵי) Genesis 43:15 (J), Exodus 9:10 (E), Numbers 27:2,21 (P), 1 Samuel 16:21 +; before ׳י (in sanctuary) Deuteronomy 19:17; Jeremiah 7:10; compare Jeremiah 18:20; Leviticus 9:5 (P); so in heaven 1 Kings 22:21 2Chronicles 18:20; with ב location of child at birth Hosea 13:13, in palace (as retainer, courtier) Daniel 1:4

e. with לִפְנֵי attend upon, be(come) servant of 1 Samuel 16:22 (see Dr), 1 Kings 1:2 +; servant of ׳י 1 Kings 17:1; 1 Kings 18:15; 2 Kings 3:14; 2 Kings 5:16; Jeremiah 15:19; priests (לְשָֽׁרְתוֺׅ׳לִפְנֵי י Deuteronomy 10:8; Judges 20:28; Ezekiel 44:15; 2Chronicles 29:11; of Levites, stand before congregation for menial duties Ezekiel 44:11; Numbers 16:9 (P).

f. stand afar מֵרָחוֺק Exodus 20:18,21 (E), Isaiah 59:14; Psalm 38:12, ׳בְּר Psalm 10:1; ׳מִנֶּגֶד מֵר 2 Kings 2:7; stand aloof, מִנֶֹּגֶד Obadiah 11; Psalm 38:12.

g. stand (silent) Job 32:16.

h. stand (appealingly) Job 30:20 (but read עָמַדְתָּ, of God, Me Hi Du).

i. stand, subject רֶגֶל Zechariah 14:4 (עַל location), Psalm 122:2 (ב location) so Psalm 26:12 (figurative).

j. stand, of water, עַלהָֿרִים Psalm 104:6. See also prepositions אֶל, אֵצֶל, עַל, מִמַּעַל, עִם, etc.

2. a. stand still, stop, cease moving, of moon Joshua 10:13 (J E; "" וַיִּדֹּם), sun Joshua 10:13, both, Habakkuk 3:11; of person 1 Samuel 9:27 (opposed to עָבַר), 2 Samuel 2:28 (opposed to רָדַף), עִמְדוּ עֲמֹ֫דוּ Nahum 2:9 +; stop flowing (of oil) 2 Kings 4:6; remain standing, with תַּחְתֵּינוּ Judges 7:21; 1 Samuel 14:9 etc.; of eruption in skin = remain unchanged Leviticus 13:23,28; so (without ׳ת) Leviticus 13:5,37 (all P).

b. = be inactive 2 Chronicles 20:17 (opposed to לְהִלָּחֵם, + הִתְיַצְּבוּ).

c. = be attentive Job 37:14.

d. stop, cease doing a thing 2 Kings 13:18; with מִן Genesis 29:35; Genesis 30:9 (both J), Joel 1:15.

3. a. tarry, delay Genesis 45:9 (E), Joshua 10:19 (J E; opposed to רָדַף), 1 Samuel 20:38 (opposed to מְהֵרָה, חוּשָׁה), +.

b. remain, with ב location 2 Kings 15:20; Deuteronomy 10:10; with עִמָּדִי Deuteronomy 5:28 (opposed to שׁוּב); + infinitive purpose Esther 7:7.

c. continue, abide Jeremiah 32:14; Isaiah 66:22; Psalm 102:27 (opposed to אָבַד); = dwell Exodus 8:18 (J; עַל location); לָעַד Psalm 19:10; Psalm 111:3; Psalm 111:10; Psalm 112:3; Psalm 112:9; לְעוֺלָם Psalm 33:11; Ecclesiastes 1:4; בְּתוֺךְ Haggai 2:5; of plan = be established Psalm 33:11 (earlier קוּם, as Isaiah 14:24), so Esther 3:4; Daniel 11:17 b; = maintain itself (earlier קוּם Joshua 2:11) Ecclesiastes 2:9; לֹא יַעֲמָדבִּֿי כֹחַ Daniel 10:17.

d. endure Exodus 18:23 (E), Ezekiel 22:14 ("" חָזַק).

e. be steadfast Deuteronomy 25:8; Ruth 2:7.

f. persist Ecclesiastes 8:3.

4 make a stand, hold one's ground, Amos 2:15; 2 Kings 10:4; Malachi 3:2 +; with לִפְנֵי Judges 2:14; 2 Kings 10:4 +, בִּפְנֵי Joshua 10:8; Joshua 21:44 (Ginsb; van d. H. Baer Joshua 21:42), Joshua 23:9 (all D); with עַל, for one's life Esther 8:11; Esther 9:16.

5 stand upright:

a. remain standing 2 Kings 13:6; of head 2 Kings 6:31 remain upright upon him (עָלָיו); of house (figurative of endurance) Job 8:15; Proverbs 12:7.

b. stand up, opposed to sit, Nehemiah 8:5; Job 29:8 (+ קוּם); opposed to lie prostrate Ezekiel 2:1 (עַלרַֿגְלֶיךָ), so Ezekiel 37:10 (id.), Daniel 10:1, Daniel 10:11 (עַלעָֿמְדָ֑ךָ), Esther 8:4; of revival after death Daniel 12:13 (late for קוּם).

c. stand up, rise, of water Joshua 3:13 (+ appositive נֵד אֶחָד), Joshua 3:16 (+ קָמוּ + id.; both J E).

d. be erect, upright, of boards Exodus 26:15; Exodus 36:20 (P).

6. a. arise, appear, come on the scene (= קוּם; late) Ezra 2:63 = Nehemiah 7:65; Psalm 106:30 (compare Ecclus 47:1; Ecclus 47:12), especially Daniel 8:22 (twice in verse); Daniel 8:23; Daniel 11:2,3,4; Daniel 12:1, compare Daniel 11:7 (כַּנּוֺ), Daniel 11:20; Daniel 11:21 (עַלכַּֿנּוֺ); with תַּחַת instead of Ecclesiastes 4:15; of war 1 Chronicles 20:4, deliverance Esther 4:14.

b. stand forth, appear = come into being Isaiah 48:13; Psalm 33:9; Psalm 119:90.

c. rise up as foe (earlier קום Amos 7:9; Genesis 4:8), with עַל against 1 Chronicles 21:1; 2Chronicles 20:23; Daniel 8:25; Daniel 11:14,

c. לְנֶגְדִּי against Daniel 10:13.

7 rare usages are:

a. אֶתֿ ׳ע stand with, as attendant, servitor Genesis 45:1 (E), Numbers 1:5 (P).

b. take one's stand in covenant, בַּבְּרִית 2 Kings 23:3.

c. stand עַלחֶֿרֶב Ezekiel 33:26 (resort to the sword).

d. stand ׳בְּסוֺד י Jeremiah 23:18,22 (see סוֺד).

e. be appointed Ezra 10:14.

f. stand before (לִפְנֵי) beast Leviticus 18:23 (carnal intercourse)

g. grow flat, insipid (Gie), taste of wine Jeremiah 48:11 (figurative of Moab), or remain unchanged (so most, in that case compare 3b). — עָמְדִי Daniel 11:1b is corrupt, read probably עָמַדְתִּי, or עָמַד (מִיכָאֵל subject), join then to Daniel 10:21 and strike out Daniel 11:1a; so Bev Behrm MartiKau.

Hiph`il83 (compare DrIntr. (6) 535) Perfect3masculine singular הֶעֱמִיד 1 Kings 12:32 +, 2 masculine singular הֶעֱמַדְתָּה Psalm 30:8, וְהַעֲמַדְתָּ֫ Numbers 3:6 +, etc., Imperfect יַעֲמִיד Proverbs 29:4 +, וַיַּעֲמֵד 2 Kings 8:1 +; 3 feminine singular suffix וַתַּעֲמִדֵנִי Ezekiel 2:2; Ezekiel 3:24, 1plural וַנַּעֲמִיד Nehemiah 4:3, etc.; Imperative הַעֲמֵד Isaiah 21:6; suffix הַעֲמִידֶהָ Ezekiel 24:11; Infinitive absolute הַעֲמֵיד Nehemiah 7:3; construct הַעֲמִיד 1 Kings 15:4 +; Participle מַעֲמִיד2Chronicles 18:34 (but see Hoph`al): —

1 station, set, with accusative Judges 16:25 (בֵּין); for duty Numbers 11:24 (E; סְבִיבֹת) 1 Kings 12:32 (ב location), 2 Chronicles 19:5 (id.), Nehemiah 13:11(עַלֿ עָמְדָם), Isaiah 21:6 + (Neh 4:7 a read perhaps

Qal, so PerlesAnal. 65), with עַל against Nehemiah 4:3.

2 cause to stand firm Psalm 18:34 = 2 Samuel 22:34 (with עַל location); maintain (opposed to overthrow) Exodus 9:16 (J), 1 Kings 15:4, compare Proverbs 29:4.

3 cause to stand up, set up, erect, with accusative + עַלרַֿגְלַי Ezekiel 2:2; Ezekiel 3:24, so עַלעָֿמְדִי Daniel 8:18; temple Ezra 2:68 (עַל location), compare 2 Chronicles 24:13; (על location, of repairs); especially doors Nehemiah 3:1 7t. Nehemiah; Asherim 2Chronicles 33:19, compare 2 Chronicles 25:14.

4 + לִפְנֵי present one before king Genesis 47:7 (P), ׳י (in sanctuary) Leviticus 14:11 3t. P, + (of goat) Leviticus 16:7, priest Leviticus 27:8 4t. P, + (of beast) Leviticus 27:11.

5 appoint Nehemiah 7:3; 1 Chronicles 15:17 + (late); with עַל over Nehemiah 13:9 +, with infinitive purpose Nehemiah 6:7 +, with 2 accusative 1 Chronicles 15:16; = assign (land) to (ל) 2 Chronicles 33:8 ("" 2 Kings 21:8 נָתַן); appoint courses of priests 2 Kings 8:14; 2Ki 31:2, compare Nehemiah 13:30; ordain commandments, עַל person Nehemiah 10:33, compare 2Chronicles 30:5; establish עַדהָֿעוֺלָם 1 Chronicles 17:14 (ב location), compare 2 Chronicles 9:8; Psalm 148:6; with accusative of covenant Psalm 105:10 = 1 Chronicles 16:17 (ל person + ל of thing); with חָזוֺן vision Daniel 11:14 (= fulfil, earlier הֵקִים).

6 other meanings:

a. אֶתמָּֿנָיו ׳ע 2 Kings 8:11 have a fixed look.

b. with accusative רַגְלַי + ב location Psalm 31:9 (figurative).

c. make to stand (in a covt.; see "" 2 Kings 23:3) 2Chronicles 34:32.

d. restore waste places Ezra 9:9.

e. + לְפָנֶיהָ Esther 4:5, i.e. make servant to.

f. cause wind to arise Psalm 107:25.

g. = raise an army Daniel 11:11,13. — 2Chronicles 18:34 see

Hoph`al; Psalm 30:8 see עֹז; Ezekiel 29:7 see מָעַד.

Hoph`al Imperfect3masculine singular יָעֳמַדֿ Leviticus 16:10 be presented (of goat), + ׳לִפְנֵי י; Participle הָיָה מָעֳמָד 1 Kings 22:35 he was caused to stand, i.e. propped up, in (ב) his chariot, so read also "" 2 Chronicles 18:34 (as ᵐ5), for ᵑ0 מַעֲמִיד. — On Perfect הָעֳמַדְתִּי see עֹז Psalm 30:8.



Strong's
abide behind, appoint, arise, cease, confirm, continue, dwell, be employed,

A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literal and figurative, intransitive and transitive) -- abide (behind), appoint, arise, cease, confirm, continue, dwell, be employed, endure, establish, leave, make, ordain, be (over), place, (be) present (self), raise up, remain, repair, + serve, set (forth, over, -tle, up), (make to, make to be at a, with-)stand (by, fast, firm, still, up), (be at a) stay (up), tarry.

5974
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