geenna: Gehenna, a valley W. and South of Jer., also a symbolic name for the final place of punishment of the ungodlyOriginal Word: γέεννα, ης, ἡPart of Speech:
Gehenna, and originally the name of a valley or cavity near Jerusalem, a place underneath the earth, a place of punishment for evil.
1067 géenna (a transliteration of the Hebrew term, Gêhinnōm, "the valley of Hinnom") – Gehenna, i.e. hell (also referred to as the "lake of fire" in Revelation).
Gehenna ("hell"), the place of post-resurrection torment (judgment), refers strictly to the everlasting abode of the unredeemed where they experience divine judgment in their individual resurrection-bodies. Each of the unredeemed receives one at the Great White Throne Judgment (Rev 20:11-15), i.e. a body that "matches" their capacity for torment relating to their (unique) judgment.
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
of Hebrew origin gay
Gehenna, a valley W. and S. of Jer., also a symbolic name for the final place of punishment of the ungodlyNASB Translation
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 1067: γηνναγηννα
(others would accent γηννα
, deriving it through the Chaldee. In Mark 9:45 Rec.st γηνα
, 17 (15)), ἡ
, (from הִנֹּם גֵּי
, Nehemiah 11:30
; more fully בֶּן־הִנֹּם גֵּיא
, Joshua 15:8
; Joshua 18:16
; 2 Chronicles 28:3
; Jeremiah 7:32
; בְּנֵי־הִנֹּם גֵּי
, 2 Kings 23:10
Kethibh; Chaldean גְּהִנָם
, the valley of the son of lamentation, or of the sons of lamentation, the valley of lamentation, הִנֹּם
being used for נִהֹם
lamentation; see Hiller, Onomasticum; cf. Hitzig (and Graf) on Jeremiah 7:31
; (Böttcher, De Inferis, i., p. 82ff); accusative to the common opinion הִנֹּם
is the name of a man), Gehenna,
the name of a valley on the south and east of Jerusalem (yet apparently beginning on the Winer
's Grammar, cf. Joshua 15:8
; Pressel in Herzog
, under the word), which was so called from the cries of the little children who were thrown into the fiery arms of Moloch (which see), i. e. of an idol having the form of a bull. The Jews so abhorred the place after these horrible sacrifices had been abolished by king Josiah (2 Kings 23:10
), that they cast into it not only all manner of refuse, but even the dead bodies of animals and of unburied criminals who had been executed. And since fires were always needed to consume the dead bodies, that the air might not become tainted by the putrefaction, it came to pass that the place was called γηννα τοῦ πυρός
(this common explanation of the descriptive genitive τοῦ πυρός
is found in Rabbi David Kimchi (fl. circa <1200>A.D. 1200) on Psalm 27:13. Some suppose the genitive to refer not to purifying fires but to the fires of Moloch; others regard it as the natural symbol of penalty (cf. Leviticus 10:2; Numbers 16:35; 2 Kings 1; Psalm 11:6; also Matthew 3:11; Matthew 13:42; 2 Thessalonians 1:8, etc.). See Böttcher, as above, p. 84; Meyer (Thol.) Wetstein (1752) on Matthew 5:22); and then this name was transferred to that place in Hades where the wicked after death will suffer punishment: Matthew 5:22, 29; Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:5; Mark 9:43, 45; James 3:6; γηννα τοῦ πυρός, Matthew 5:22; Matthew 18:9; Mark 9:47 (R G Tr marginal reading brackets); κρίσις τῆς γηννης, Matthew 23:33; υἱός τῆς γηννης, worthy of punishment in Gehenna, Matthew 23:15. Further, cf. Dillmann, Buch Henoch, 27, 1f, p. 131f; (B. D. American edition; Böttcher, as above, p. 80ff; Hamburger, Real-Encycl., Abth. I. under the word Hölle; Bartlett, Life and Death eternal, Appendix H.).<1>
Of Hebrew origin (gay' and Hinnom); valley of (the son of) Hinnom; ge-henna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerusalem, used (figuratively) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment -- hell.
see HEBREW gay'
see HEBREW Hinnom