1777. enochos
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enochos: held in, bound by, liable to (a condition, penalty or imputation)
Original Word: ἔνοχος, ον
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: enochos
Phonetic Spelling: (en'-okh-os)
Short Definition: involved in, liable
Definition: involved in, held in, hence: liable, generally with dat. (or gen.) of the punishment.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from enechó
held in, bound by, liable to (a condition, penalty or imputation)
NASB Translation
deserves (1), deserving (1), guilty (6), liable (1), subject (1).

STRONGS NT 1777: ἔνοχος

ἔνοχος, ἔνοχον, equivalent to ἐνεχόμενος, one who is held in anything, so that he cannot escape; bound, under obligation, subject to, liable: with the genitive of the thing by which one is bound, δουλείας, Hebrews 2:15; used of one who is held by, possessed with, love and zeal for anything; thus τῶν βιβλίων, Sir. prolog. 9; with the dative τοῖς ἐρωτικοις, Plutarch; (on supposed distinctions in meaning between the construction with the genitive and with the dative (e. g. 'the construction with the dative expresses liability, that with the genitive carries the meaning further and implies either the actual or the rightful hold.' Green) see Schäfer on Demosth. see p. 323; cf. Winers Grammar, § 28, 2; Buttmann, 170 (148)). As in Greek writings, chiefly in a forensic sense, denoting the connection of a person either with his crime, or with the penalty or trial, or with that against whom or which he has offended; so a. absolutely guilty, worthy of punishment: Leviticus 20:9, 11, 13, 16, 27; 1 Macc. 14:45.

b. with the genitive of the thing by the violation of which guilt is contracted, guilty of anything: τοῦ σώματος καί τοῦ αἵματος τοῦ κυρίου, guilty of a crime committed against the body and blood of the Lord, 1 Corinthians 11:27 (see Meyer; Winer's Grammar, 202 (190f)); πάντων, namely, ἐνταλμάτων, James 2:10; οἱ ἔνοχοί σου, Isaiah 54:17.

c. with the genitive of the crime: αἰωνίου ἁμαρτήματος (an eternal sin), Mark 3:29 L T Tr text WH; (τῶν βιαίων, Plato, legg. 11, 914 e.; κλοπῆς, Philo de Jos. § 37; ἱεροσυλίας, 2 Macc. 13:6; Aristotle, oec. 2 (p. 1349{a}, 19), and in other examples; but much more often in the classics with the dative of the crime; cf. Passow or (Liddell and Scott) under the word).

d. with the genitive of the penalty: θανάτου, Mark 14:64; Matthew 26:66; Genesis 26:11; αἰωνίου κρίσεως, Mark 3:29 Rec.; δεσμοῦ (others, dative), Demosthenes, p. 1229, 11.

e. with the dative of the tribunal; liable to this or that tribunal i. e. to punishment to he imposed by this or that tribunal: τῇ κρίσει, τῷ συνεδρίῳ, Matthew 5:21f; ἔνοχος γραφή, to be indicted, Xenophon, mem. 1, 2, 64; cf. Bleek, Br. an d. Hebrew ii. 1, p. 340f; (Winers Grammar, 210 (198)).

f. by a use unknown to Greek writers it is connected with εἰς and the accusative of the place where the punishment is to be suffered: εἰς τήν γηνναν τοῦ πυρός, a pregnant construction (Winers Grammar, 213 (200); 621 (577)) (but cf. Buttmann, 170 (148) (who regards it as a vivid circumlocution for the dative; cf. Green, Critical Notes (at the passage) 'liable as far' in respect of penal consequence 'as the fiery G.')) viz. to go away or be cast into etc. Matthew 5:22.

in danger of, guilty of, subject to.

From enecho; liable to (a condition, penalty or imputation) -- in danger of, guilty of, subject to.

see GREEK enecho

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