Libertinos: Freedman, the name of a synagogueOriginal Word: Λιβερτῖνος, ου, ὁPart of Speech:
a freedman, one of the class of manumitted slaves; a synagogue at Jerusalem appears to have been reserved for them.
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
of Latin originDefinition
Freedman, the name of a synagogueNASB Translation
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 3032: ΛιβερτῖνοςΛιβερτῖνος
, a Latin word,libertinus
, i. e. either one who has been liberated from slavery, a freedman, or the son of a freedman
(as distinguished fromingenuus
, i. e. the son of a free man): ἡ συναγωγή ἡ λεγομένη
(or τῶν λεγομένων Tdf.
, Acts 6:9
. Some suppose these libertini (A. V. Libertines
) to have been manumitted Roman slaves, who having embraced Judaism had their synagogue at Jerusalem; and they gather as much from Tacitus
, Ann. 2, 85, where it is related that four thousand libertini, infected with the Jewish superstition, were sent into Sardinia. Others, owing to the names Κυρηναίων καί Ἀλλεξανδρεων
that follow, think that a geographical meaning is demanded for Λιβερτινοι
, and suppose that Jews are spoken of, the dwellers in Libertum, a city or region of proconsular Africa. But the existence of a city or region called Libertum is a conjecture which has nothing to rest on but the mention of a bishop with the prefix libertinensis
at the synod of Carthage <411>A.D. 411. Others with far greater probability appeal to Philo, leg. ad Gaium § 23, and understand the word as denoting Jews who had been made captives by the Romans under Pompey but were afterward set free; and who, although they had fixed their abode at Rome, had built at their own expense a synagogue at Jerusalem which they frequented when in that city. The name Libertines adhered to them to distinguish them from the free-born Jews who had subsequently taken up their residence at Rome. Cf. Winers RWB under the word Libertiner; Hausrath in Schenkel iv., 38f; (B. D. under the word . Evidence seems to have been discovered of the existence of a synagogue of the libertines at Pompeii; cf. De Rossi, Bullet. di Arch. Christ. for 1864, pp. 70, 92f.)<1>
Roman freedman, Libertine
Of Latin origin; a Roman freedman -- Libertine.