peritomé: circumcisionOriginal Word: περιτομή, ῆς, ἡPart of Speech:
Cognate: 4061 peritomḗ – properly, cut around, i.e. the removal of the male foreskin in circumcision (the visible sign of God's covenant in the OT). See 4059 (peritemnō).
The sign of physical circumcision relates to the Seed, the Messiah (the Christ) – the one prophesied to incarnate through the physical line of David (the tribe of Judah). Accordingly, the "promise-sign" of circumcision became physically associated with the (procreative) male organ.
[Christ was prophesied to come through the physical seed (line) of Judah (the kingly tribe).]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
circumcised (11), circumcision (25).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 4061: περιτομήπεριτομή
(on which see περιτέμνω
a. properly, α. the act or rite of circumcision: John 7:22; Acts 7:8; Romans 4:11; Galatians 5:11; Philippians 3:5; οἱ ἐκ τῆς περιτομῆς (see ἐκ, II. 7), the circumcised, they of the circumcision, used of Jews, Romans 4:12; of Christians gathered from among the Jews, Acts 11:2; Galatians 2:12; Titus 1:10; οἱ ὄντες ἐκ περιτομῆς, Colossians 4:11. β. the state of circumcision, the being circumcised: Romans 2:25-28; Romans 3:1; 1 Corinthians 7:19; Galatians 5:6; Galatians 6:15; Colossians 3:11; ἐν περιτομή ὤν, circumcised, Romans 4:10. γ. by metonymy, 'the circumcision' for οἱ περιτμηθέντες the circumcised, i. e. Jews: Romans 3:30; Romans 4:9, 12; Romans 15:8; Galatians 2:7-9; Ephesians 2:11; οἱ ἐκ περιτομῆς πιστοί, Christian converts from among the Jews, Jewish Christians, Acts 10:45.
b. metaphorically, α. of Christians: (ἡμεῖς ἐσμεν) ἡ περιτομή, separated from the unclean multitude and truly consecrated to God, Philippians 3:3 ((where see Lightfoot)). β. ἡ περιτομή ἀχειροποίητος, the extinction of the passions and the removal of spiritual impurity (see περιτέμνω, at the end), Colossians 2:11a; ἡ περιτομή καρδίας in Romans 2:29 denotes the same thing; περιτομή τοῦ Χριστοῦ, of which Christ is the author, Colossians 2:11b. (The noun περιτομή occurs three times in the O. T., viz. Genesis 17:13; Jeremiah 11:16; for מוּלָה, Exodus 4:26; besides in Philo, whose tract περί περιτομῆς is found in Mangey's edition 2, pp. 210-212 (Richter's edition 4, pp. 282-284); Josephus, Antiquities 1, 10, 5; (13, 11 at the end; contra Apion 2, 13, 1, 6); plural, Antiquities 1, 12, 2.)<1>
From peritemno; circumcision (the rite, the condition or the people, literally or figuratively) -- X circumcised, circumcision.
see GREEK peritemno