téreó: to watch over, to guardOriginal Word: τηρέωPart of Speech:
I keep, guard, observeDefinition:
I keep, guard, observe, watch over.
5083 tēréō (from tēros, "a guard") – properly, maintain (preserve); (figuratively) spiritually guard (watch), keep intact.
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
from a prim. word téros (a guard)Definition
to watch over, to guardNASB Translation
continue (1), guard (1), guards (1), heed (2), heeds (1), held in custody (1), keep (27), keep watch over (1), keeping (1), keeping guard over (1), keeps (9), kept (12), kept in custody (3), observe (3), preserve (1), preserved (1), reserved (4), watching over (1).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 5083: τηρέωτηρέω
; imperfect ἐτήρουν
; future τηρήσω
; 1 aorist ἐτήρησα
; perfect τετήρηκα
, 3 person plural τετηρήκασιν
(John 17:6 R G
) and τετήρηκαν
(ibid. L T Tr WH
, at the beginning)); passive, present τηροῦμαι
; imperfect ἐτηρουμην
; perfect τετήρημαι
; 1 aorist ἐτηρήθην
, found only once, Aeschylus
suppl. 248, where it is doubtful whether it means 'guarding' or 'watching'), from Pindar
down; the Sept.
several times for שָׁמַר
, etc.; to attend to carefully, take care of
; i. e.
a. properly, to guard: τινα, a prisoner, Matthew 27:36, 54; Acts 16:23; passive, Acts 12:5; (); (b); τί, ; οἱ τηροῦντες ((R. V.) the watchers) the guards, Matthew 28:4 (Song of Solomon 3:3).
b. metaphorically, to keep: τινα, one in that state in which he is, τήν ἑαυτοῦ παρθένον, his own virgin daughter, namely, as a virgin i. e. unmarried, 1 Corinthians 7:37; ἑαυτόν, himself such as he is, i. e. begotten of God, 1 John 5:18 (but here T Tr WH αὐτόν); with a predicate accusative added: ἁγνόν, 1 Timothy 5:22; ἄσπιλον ἀπό τοῦ κόσμου, James 1:27; ἀβαρῆ τίνι, 2 Corinthians 11:9 (ἁπλουν, Antoninus 6, 30; τινα ἄμεμπτον τῷ Θεῷ, Wis. 10:5); τί with a predicate accusative 1 Timothy 6:14 (but see in c. below); passive, τηροῦμαι, with an adverb, ἀμέμπτως, 1 Thessalonians 5:23; with a dative of the person, Χριστῷ, devoted to Christ (Winer's Grammar, 421 (392)), Jude 1:1; τηρεῖν τινα ἐν τίνι: to keep in i. e. cause one to persevere or stand firm in a thing: ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι Θεοῦ (see p. 447b bottom), John 17:11f; ἐν ἀγάπη Θεοῦ, Jude 1:21; τινα ἐκ τίνος, by guarding to cause one to escape in safety out of etc.: ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ, out of the power and assaults of Satan, John 17:15 (cf. Buttmann, 327 (281); Winer's Grammar, 410 (383)); ἐκ τῆς ὥρας τοῦ πειρασμοῦ, Revelation 3:10. to keep: i. e. not to leave, τήν ἀρχήν, Jude 1:6; not to throw away, τά ἱμάτια, Revelation 16:15. to hold firmly: τήν ἑνότητα τοῦ πνεύματος, Ephesians 4:3; anything as a mental deposit, τήν πίστιν, 2 Timothy 4:7; Revelation 14:12 (cf. Winers Grammar, 536 (499); Buttmann, 78 (68)). to show oneself to be actually holding a thing fast, i. e.
c. to observe: namely, πῶς κτλ., Revelation 3:3; τί Matthew 23:3; Acts 21:25 (Rec.); τήν παράδοσιν, Mark 7:9 (WH (rejected) marginal reading στήσητε) (τά ἐκ παραδοσεως τῶν πατέρων, Josephus, Antiquities 13, 10, 6); τόν νόμον, Acts 15:5 and Rec. in Acts 15:24; James 2:10; τό σάββατον, the command respecting sabbath-keeping, John 9:16; τάς ἐντολάς (of either God or Christ), Matthew 19:17; John 14:15, 21; John 15:10; 1 John 2:3; 1 John 3:22, 24; 1 John 5:2 (where L T Tr WH ποιῶμεν); ; Revelation 12:17; Revelation 14:12 (see above,
b. at the end); τήν ἐντολήν, 1 Timothy 6:14 (see in b. above; πάντα ὅσα ἐνετειλάμην, Matthew 28:20); τόν λόγον, either of Christ or of God, John 8:51f, 55; John 14:23; John 15:20; John 17:6; 1 John 2:5; Revelation 3:8; τούς λόγους, of Christ, John 14:24; τόν λόγον τῆς ὑπομονῆς μου (i. e. Ἰησοῦ), Revelation 3:10; τά ἔργα μου, the works that I command, Revelation 2:26; τούς λόγους τῆς προφητείας, Revelation 22:7; τοῦ βιβλίου τούτου, Revelation 22:9; τά ἐν τῇ προφητεία γεγραμμένα, Revelation 1:3; cf. Lipsius, Paulin. Rechtfertigungsl., p. 194f,
d. to reserve: τινα εἰς τί, to undergo something, 2 Peter 2:4 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 342 (321); εἰς τήν τοῦ Σεβαστοῦ διάγνωσιν, Acts 25:21a); Jude 1:6; τινα εἰς ἡμέραν κρίσεως, 2 Peter 2:9; τούς οὐρανούς πυρί; (to be burned with fire) εἰς ἡμέραν κρίσεως, 2 Peter 3:7; τί εἰς τινα, a thing for one's advantage, 1 Peter 1:4; τί εἰς ἡμέραν τινα, to be used some day for some purpose, John 12:7; τί ἕως ἄρτι, John 2:10; τί with the dative of the person, for rewarding or punishing one, passive, 2 Peter 2:17; Jude 1:13. (Compare: διατηρέω, παρατηρέω, συντηρέω.)<1> [SYNONYMS: τηρέω, φυλάσσω: τηρέω to watch or keep, φυλάσσω to guard; τηρέω expresses watchful care and is suggestive of present possession, φυλάσσω indicates safe custody and often implies assault from without; τηρέω may mark the result of which φυλάσσω is the means (e. g. John 17:12 where the words occur together, cf. Wisd. 10:5). See Westcott on John 8:51; Schmidt, chapter 208, especially § 4.]
hold fast, keep
From teros (a watch; perhaps akin to theoreo); to guard (from loss or injury, properly, by keeping the eye upon; and thus differing from phulasso, which is properly to prevent escaping; and from koustodia, which implies a fortress or full military lines of apparatus), i.e. To note (a prophecy; figuratively, to fulfil a command); by implication, to detain (in custody; figuratively, to maintain); by extension, to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively, to keep unmarried); by extension, to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively, to keep unmarried) -- hold fast, keep(- er), (pre-, re-)serve, watch.
see GREEK theoreo
see GREEK phulasso
see GREEK koustodia