752. archisunagógos
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archisunagógos: ruler of a synagogue
Original Word: ἀρχισυνάγωγος, ου, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: archisunagógos
Phonetic Spelling: (ar-khee-soon-ag'-o-gos)
Short Definition: a leader of the synagogue
Definition: a leader of the synagogue, a leader connected with the synagogue: sometimes there was only one, and the name was in some cases merely honorary.

HELPS word-Studies

752 arxisynágōgos (from arxi, "first" and 4684 /spataláō, "synagogue") – properly, the chief elder (overseer) presiding over a local synagogue; a "ruler of a synagogue, an administrative officer, supervising the worship" (Abbott-Smith), i.e. the president ("chief") amongst other elders-overseers serving in a particular synagogue.

[Note the parallel with local church government in the NT. Like the ancient Jewish synagogue, a local NT church needs to be shepherded by a team ("plurality") of elders. See 4245 /presbyteros ("elder").]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from archó and sunagógé
ruler of a synagogue
NASB Translation
leader of the synagogue (2), synagogue official (5), synagogue officials (2).

STRONGS NT 752: ἀρχισυνάγωγος

ἀρχισυνάγωγος, ἀρχισυναγώγου, (συναγωγή), ruler of a synagogue, הַכְּנֶסֶת רֹאשׁ: Mark 5:22, 35f, 38; Luke 8:49; Luke 13:14; Acts 13:15; Acts 18:8, 17. It was his duty to select the readers or teachers in the synagogue, to examine the discourses of the public speakers, and to see that all things were done with decency and in accordance with ancestral usage; (cf. Alex.'s Kitto under the word Synagogue). (Not found in secular writings; (yet Schürer (Theol. Literatur-Zeit., 1878, p. 5) refers to Corp. Inscriptions Grace. no 2007 f. (Addenda ii., p. 994), no. 2221{c} (ii., p. 1031), nos. 9894, 9906; Mommsen, Inscriptions Regni Neap. no. 3657; Garrucci, Cimitero degli antichi Ebrei, p. 67; Lampridius, Vita Alexandr. Sever c. 28; Vopiscus, Vit. Saturnin c. 8; Codex Theodos. 16:8, 4, 13, 14; also Acta Pilat. in Tdf.s Ev. Apocr. edition 2, pp. 221, 270, 275, 284; Justin Martyr, dialog contra Trypho,

c. 137; Epiphanius haer. 30, 18; Eusebius, h. e. 7, 10, 4; see fully in his Gemeindeverfassung der Juden in Rom in d. Kaiserzeit nach d. Inschrften dargestellt (Leips. 1879), p. 25f).)

chief ruler of the synagogue.

From arche and sunagoge; director of the synagogue services -- (chief) ruler of the synagogue.

see GREEK arche

see GREEK sunagoge

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