1234. baqa
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baqa: to cleave, break open or through
Original Word: בָּקַע
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: baqa
Phonetic Spelling: (baw-kah')
Short Definition: split

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to cleave, break open or through
NASB Translation
breached (3), break (4), break forth (1), break through (1), breaks forth (1), breaks open (1), broke open (1), broke through (2), broken (3), burst (2), burst open (1), cleaved (1), dashed to pieces (1), divide (1), divided (4), forth (1), hatch (2), hews (1), invaded (1), make for ourselves a breach (1), rip (1), ripped (1), ripped open (2), shook (1), split (7), split open (1), splits (1), tear (1), tore (2), torn (2).

בָּקַע verb cleave, break open or through (Late Hebrew id., MI15 מבקע השחרת from break of dawn; Aramaic בְּקַע; compare Ethiopic profit, be useful, originally findere, aperire, Di) —

Qal Perfect בָּקַע Psalm 78:13, בָּֽקְעָה Isaiah 34:15, בָּקַעְתָּ Nehemiah 9:11; Psalm 74:15, וּבָֽקַעְתָּ֫ Ezekiel 29:7; Imperfect וַיִּבְקַע Judges 15:19; Isaiah 48:21, וַיִּבְקְעוּ 2 Samuel 23:16 = 1 Chronicles 11:18, וַיִּ בְקָעוּהָ2Chronicles 21:17; Imperative וּבְקָעֵהוּ Exodus 14:16; Infinitive construct suffix בִּקְעָם Amos 1:13; 2Chronicles 32:1; Participle active בּוֺקֵעַ Isaiah 63:12; Ecclesiastes 10:9, בֹּקֵעַ Psalm 141:7; —

1 cleave, cleave open, followed by accusative, Judges 15:19 God cleft open the hollow (הַמֵּכְתֵּשׁ), and water came out, compare Isaiah 48:21 (object צוּר), also Psalm 74:15 bring forth by cleaving, object מַעְיָן יָנָחַ֑ל, all three of divine operation; cleave or rip open pregnant women Amos 1:13; of a broken staff, tearing the shoulder Ezekiel 29:7 (but read כַּף hand for כָּתֵף, ᵐ5 ᵑ9 Sm (?)Co.); cleave wood Ecclesiastes 10:9 ("" מַסִּיעַ אֲבָנִים); of ploughing (furrowing) the earth Psalm 141:7 ("" מֹּלֵחֵ; in simile); especially of dividing the sea, Exodus 14:16 (P) Nehemiah 9:11; Psalm 78:13, compare Isaiah 63:12, object מַיִם; — in all these subject ׳י except Exodus 14:16 where he commands Moses; of hatching out (a brood, but no object expressed) Isaiah 34:15, subject קִמּוֺו arrow-snake.

2 break through or into, followed by בְּ 2 Samuel 23:16 = 1 Chronicles 11:18; followed by accusative 2Chronicles 21:17 וַיַעֲלוּ בִיהוּדָה וֵיִבְקָעוּהָ; also 2 Chronicles 32:1, object suffix reference to cities, ויאמר לְבִקְעָם אֵלָיו and he thought to break into them and so bring them unto himself.

Niph`al Perfect נִבְקַע Job 26:8; Zechariah 14:4 (וְ consecutive); נִבְקְעוּ Genesis 7:11; Isaiah 35:6, נִבְקָ֑עוּ2Chronicles 25:11; Proverbs 3:20; Imperfect יִבָּקַע Isaiah 58:8, יִבֵָּק֑עַ Job 32:19; 3feminine singular תִּבָּקַע Isaiah 59:5, וַתִּבָּקַע Numbers 16:31 3t.; Infinitive construct לְהִבָּקֵעַ Ezekiel 30:16; —

1 be cleft, rent open, subject the ground, הָֽאֲדָמָה Numbers 16:31 (J), הָאָרֶץ 1 Kings 1:40 (hyperb.); mountain Zechariah 14:4; burst open, of men hurled from rock 2 Chronicles 25:12; of cloud beneath its weight of water Job 26:8; hyperb. of belly full of words seeking a vent, Job 32:19 like new wine-skins it will burst open; so of the water-receptacles (מעינות) of the great deep, at the flood Genesis 7:11; of the water-masses themselves, תהומות Proverbs 3:20, מים ונהלים Isaiah 35:6; also of the Red Sea, וַיִבָּקְעוּ המים Exodus 14:21; of light breaking forth Isaiah 58:8 (figurative); of serpent's egg hatching out as a viper Isaiah 59:5 הַזּוּרֶה תִּבָּקַע אֶפְעֶה.

2 be broken into, of city captured by breaches in walls 2 Kings 25:4 = Jeremiah 52:7; Ezekiel 30:16.

Pi`el Perfect בִּקֵּעַ 2 Kings 15:16; Job 28:10, וּבִקַּעְתִּ֫י Ezekiel 13:13, בִּקֵּ֑עוּ Isaiah 59:5; Imperfect יְבַקַּע Psalm 78:15, וַיְבַקַּע Genesis 22:3; 3feminine singular תְּבַקֵּעַ Ezekiel 13:11, תְּבַקְּעֵם Hosea 13:8; 2masculine singular תְּבַקַּעֿ Habakkuk 3:9, תְּבַקֵּ֑עַ 2 Kings 8:12; 2feminine plural וַתְּבַקַּעְנָה 2 Kings 2:24; — cleave, cut to pieces, or rend open (often more complete or more violent than Qal), followed by accusative, of cleaving wood Genesis 22:3 i.e. cut it up for burning, so 1 Samuel 6:14; of ripping open pregnant women 2 Kings 8:12; 2 Kings 15:16; of tearing in pieces children 2 Kings 2:24; compare also Hosea 13:8 (figurative); of cleaving open rocks, to bring forth water Psalm 78:15 (subject God); of cutting mining-shafts Job 28:10 ׳בַּצּוּרוֺת יְאֹרִים בּ; נְהָרוֺת תְּבַקַּעאָֿ֑רֶץ Habakkuk 3:9 into rivers thou cleavest (the) earth; break through or down (a wall, but no object expressed), Ezekiel 13:11 רוּחַ סְעָרוֺת תְּבֵַקּ֑עַ (but Co תִּבָּקֵעַ), compare Ezekiel 13:13 וּבִקַּעְתִּי רוּחַ סְעָרוֺת בַחֲמָתִי; of hatching eggs Isaiah 59:5 בֵּיצֵי צִפְעוֺנִיבִֵּקּ֑עוּ (figurative)

Pu`al Imperfect יְבָֻקּ֑עוּ Hosea 14:1; Participle מְבֻקָּעָה Ezekiel 26:10, מְבֻקָּעִים Joshua 9:4; — be ripped open, of women Hosea 14:1 (verb of masculine form); rent, of old wine-skins Joshua 9:4; broken into, of a city in whose walls a breach has been made Ezekiel 26:10.

Hiph`il Imperfect1plural suffix וְנַבְקִעֶנָּה Isaiah 7:6; Infinitive construct לְהַבְקִיעַ 2 Kings 3:26; — break into, followed by suffix reference to Judah, Isaiah 7:6 אֵלֵינוּ ׳ונב let us break into it, lay it open, and so bring it unto ourselves (compare Qal 2 Chronicles 32:1); break through (absolute) with sword, שֹׁלֵף חֶרֶבּ לְהַבְקִיעַ אֶלמֶֿלֶךְאֱדוֺם 2 Kings 3:26.

Hoph`al Perfect3feminine singular הָבְקְעָה הָעִיר Jeremiah 39:2 the city was broken into, entrance was made by a breach.

Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְכַָּקּ֑עוּ Joshua 9:13, Imperfect יִתְבּקָּ֑עוּ Micah 1:4; — burst (themselves) open, of wine-skins Joshua 9:13; cleave asunder, of valleys Micah 1:4.

make a breach, break forth into, out, in pieces

A primitive root; to cleave; generally, to rend, break, rip or open -- make a breach, break forth (into, out, in pieces, through, up), be ready to burst, cleave (asunder), cut out, divide, hatch, rend (asunder), rip up, tear, win.

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