Brown-Driver-Briggs גּוֺרָל77 noun masculineLeviticus 16:8
& ( Joshua 21:10
, but see below) feminine lot
: (Late Hebrew id.
& denominative Hiph`il הִגְרִיל cast lots
) — absolute ׳ג Joshua 16:1
51t.; construct גּוֺרַל Joshua 18:11
2t., גֹּרַל Numbers 36:3
; suffix גּוֺרָלִי Psalm 16:5
, גֹּרָלִי Judges 1:3
, גּוֺרָֽלְךָ Proverbs 1:14
, גֹּרָֽלְךָ Daniel 12:13
, גּוֺרָלֶ֑ךָ Judges 1:3
, גּוֺרָלֵךְ Jeremiah 13:25
; Isaiah 57:6
, גּוֺרָלוֺ 1 Chronicles 26:14
, גּוֺרָלָם Joshua 18:11
2t.; plural גּוֺרָלוֺת Jonah 1:7
8t., גֹּרָלוֺת Leviticus 16:8
; — a lot
cast for the decision of questions Proverbs 18:18
, designation of persons, etc., for service or punishment, assignment of property, etc.; probably stones put into the bosom-fold of a garment, Proverbs 16:33
(׳בַּחֵיק יוּטַל אֶתהַֿגּ
), or into a vessel, and shaken until one springs out (עָלָה
or — late — נָפַל
); this was regarded originally as divine decision (compare on Urim & Thummim p. 22, above); for the agent, the usual verbs are הִשְׁלִיךְ
, and הִמִּיל
. Particularly: —
1 lot for dividing land, especially that which Joshua cast at Shiloh ׳לִפְנֵי י Joshua 18:6 (יָרָה) Joshua 18:8; Joshua 18:10 (both הִשְׁלִיךְ; all three followed by לְ of person for whom; all J E); compare Joshua 19:51 (P); so of lot coming up, or forth, עָלָה Joshua 18:11 (construct; P), also followed by לְ person Joshua 19:10 (P), & following with יָצָא Joshua 16:11 (JE), Numbers 33:54; Joshua 19:1,17,24,32,40; Joshua 21:4 (all P); be divided by lot ׳יֵחָלֵק בְּג Numbers 26:55, or according to lot תֵּחָלֵק ׳עַלמִּֿי הַגּ Numbers 26:56; apportion by lot הִתְנַחֲלוּ ׳בְּג Numbers 33:54; Numbers 34:13, ׳נִחַל בְּג Joshua 19:51; give by lot ׳נָתַן בְּג Numbers 36:2 ׳נָתַן בַּגּ Joshua 21:8 (all P) 1 Chronicles 6:50; have by lot ׳בַּגּ ׳הָיָה ל Joshua 21:4, & (היה omitted) Joshua 21:5; Joshua 21:6 (all P) compare 1 Chronicles 6:46; 1 Chronicles 6:48; also Joshua 21:10 (P; רִאישֹׁנָה ׳הַגּ, only here feminine; ᵐ5 — not ᵐ5L — omits ראישׁנה, & so) "" 1 Chronicles 6:39; compare further Isaiah 34:17 (הִמִּיל לְ).
2 lot for assigning to service, duty or punishment,
a. concerning the goats on day of atonement, Leviticus 16:8 (נָתַן עַל) Leviticus 16:8; Leviticus 16:8 (followed by לְ); compare Leviticus 16:9; Leviticus 16:10 (עָלָה עַל; all P).
b. assigning priests to their courses, singers, musicians & porters to their duties, by lot ׳חָלַק בְּג 1 Chronicles 24:5; ׳הִמִּיל ג 1 Chronicles 24:31; 1 Chronicles 25:8; 1 Chronicles 26:13 (followed by לְ of position) 1 Chronicles 26:14; of lot coming forth (יָצָא לְ person) 1 Chronicles 24:7 (compare 1 Chronicles 24:7; 1 Chronicles 24:18) 1 Chronicles 25:9 (compare 1 Chronicles 25:9-31) 1 Chronicles 26:14 compare וַיֵּצֵא גּוֺרָלוֺ 1 Chronicles 26:14.
c. cast lots for dwelling in Jerusalem (׳הִמִּיל ג) Nehemiah 1:11 (followed by infinitive)
d. for supplying wood for altar-fire Nehemiah 10:35 (הִמִּיל עַל); here belongs probably also
e. Judges 20:9 ׳עָלֶיהָ בְּג, reference to Judges 20:10 (determining who shall go up, and who supply provision) ᵐ5 ἀναβησόμεθα ἐπ’ αὐτὴν ἐν κλήρῳ, so Stu (insert perhaps נעלה), compare AV RV, BuRS 151 (who reads ׳נַמִּילָה בְּג); > ᵑ6 Be Ke who reference ׳ג here to division of land of captured city.
f. to determine guilty persons Jonah 1:7 (twice in verse) (both הִמִּיל) Jonah 1:17 (נָפַל עַל); so apparently Ezekiel 24:6 of inhabitants of Jerusalem under figure of flesh in pot ׳לֹאנָֿפַל עָלֶיהָ ג no lot is fallen over it, i.e. no discrimination is made, destruction is to include the whole city; (compare also Joshua 7:14ff.; 1 Samuel 14:41ff. where divine agency in detection is prominent but word גּוֺרָל not used).
g. in allotting slaves Joel 4:3אֶלעַֿמִּי ׳יַדּוּ גּ; Nahum 3:10 (יַדּוּ עַל); so Obadiah 11 ׳וְעַליְֿרוּשָׁלִַם יַדּוּ ג — all with verb ידד q. v.
h. in distributing plundered garments Psalm 22:19 (הִמִּיל על).
i. to determine favourable day for a scheme, הִמִּיל Esther 3:7 (לִפְנֵי הָמָן) Esther 9:24 (followed by infinitive; see also מּוּר).
3 thing assigned, apportioned, allotted especially of land assigned by lot, allotment Joshua 15:1; Joshua 17:1; Joshua 21:38 (all P), Joshua 17:14,17 = portion, share ("" נַחֲלָה J E); compare גֹּרַל נַחֲלָתֵנוּ Numbers 36:3 (P), גּוֺרַל נַחֲלָתָם Joshua 14:2 (P; but perhaps read absolute גּוֺרָל compare Di); also גְּבוּל גּוֺרָלָם Joshua 18:11 (P) the boundary of their allotment; עָרֵי גוֺרָלָם Joshua 21:20 (P); see further Judges 1:3 (twice in verse); so probably Micah 2:5 ׳הִשְׁלִיךְ חֶבֶל בְּג (Hi Che; compare also Ew); Psalm 125:3, land, exposed to oppressive exaction; also figurative of ׳י as portion, allotment of his people Psalm 16:5 (so Che, & on תָּמִיד for תּוֺמִיךְ compare his critical note; see also Ew; otherwise De and others; — "" מְנָת חֶלְקִי); on the other hand, of idols Isaiah 57:6 ("" חֵלֶק); also ׳עָמַד לְג Daniel 12:13, of allotted portion, share, in the Messianic consummation; more Generally, one's portion, lot, fortune גּוֺרָֽלְךָ תַּמִּיל בְּתוֺכֵנוּ Proverbs 1:14 cast thy fortune into the midst of us, in with us ("" כִּיס אֶחָד יִהְיֶה לְכֻלָּנוּ).
4 portion = recompence, retribution Isaiah 17:14 ("" חֵלֶק), Jeremiah 13:25 ("" מְנָת מִדַּיִךְ), both implying divine agency.