dabaq: to cling, cleave, keep closeOriginal Word: דָּבַקPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
to cling, cleave, keep closeNASB Translation
cleaves (4), cling (14), clings (3), closely pursued (1), closer (1), clung (4), deeply attracted (1), fasten its grip (1), follow closely (1), held fast (1), hold (2), hold fast (2), holding fast (1), joined (2), joined together (1), overtake (1), overtook (5), pursued him closely (1), pursued them closely (1), remained steadfast (1), stay (1), stay close (1), stayed close (1), stick (1), stick together (1), stuck (2).
, דָּבֵק verb cling, cleave, keep close
(Late Hebrew id.
Qal Perfect דָּבַק 1 Kings 11:2 2t.; וְדָבַק consecutive Genesis 2:24; דָּבֵ֑ק 2 Kings 3:3; 3feminine singular דָּֽבְקָה Ruth 1:14 5t.; דָּבֵ֑קָה Job 29:10; 1singular דָּבַקְתִּי Psalm 119:31; 3plural דָּֽבְקוּ 2 Samuel 20:2; וְדָֽבְקוּ consecutive Deuteronomy 28:60; דָּבֵ֑קוּ Job 41:15; וּדְבַקְתֶּם consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect יִדְבַּק Deuteronomy 13:18 3t.; 3 feminine singular תִּדְבַּק 2 Kings 5:27; Psalm 137:6; וַתִּדְבַּק Genesis 34:3 2t.; suffix תִּדְבָּקַנִי Genesis 19:19; 2masculine singular תִּדְבָּ֑ק Deuteronomy 10:20; Ezekiel 29:4 (strike out B Co); 2 feminine singular תִּדְבָּקִין Ruth 2:8,21; 3plural יִדְבְּקוּ Numbers 36:7,9; 2masculine plural תִּדְבָּ֑קוּ Joshua 23:8; תִּדְבָּקוּ֑ן Deuteronomy 13:5; Infinitive construct וּלְדָבְקָהבּֿוֺ Deuteronomy 11:22 2t.; — in Hexateuch only J D, except Numbers 36:7,9 (P); —
1 cling, cleave to,
a. literally followed by בְּ Job 19:20 (bone to skin), so followed by לְ Psalm 102:6; followed by אֶל 2 Samuel 23:10 (hand to sword; accidentally omitted with other words 1 Chronicles 11:13 compare Dr 2 Samuel 23:11), Jeremiah 13:11 (girdle to loins), Lamentations 4:4 (tongue to roof of mouth, in thirst), so followed by לְ Job 29:10; Psalm 137:6 (as a judgment); so also in metaphor Psalm 44:26 דָּֽבְקָה לָאָרֶץ בִּטְנֵנוּ our belly cleaveth to the earth ("" שָׁחָה לֶעָפָר נַפְשֵׁנוּ), Psalm 119:25 דָּֽבְקָה לֶעָפָר נַפְשִׁי; fish to scales of crocodile (figurative of Pharaoh), followed by בְּ Ezekiel 29:4 (but compare above); absolute (reciprocal) of folds of crocodile's belly Job 41:15; further of the חֵרֶם remaining in (sticking to) the hand followed by בְּ Deuteronomy 13:18; so of spot, stain Job 31:7;
b. so also of abiding on the land of one's tribe Numbers 36:7,9 (followed by בְּ).
c. = remain with, close to followed by עִם Ruth 2:8,21 followed by בְּ Ruth 2:23.
2 cling, cleave to,
a. figurative of loyalty, affection etc., sometimes with idea of physical proximity retained, followed by בְּ Genesis 2:24 (J; man to wife) compare Genesis 34:3 (J) 1 Kings 11:2; Joshua 23:12 (D); further Ruth 1:14 (Ruth to Naomi); 2 Samuel 20:2 (people to king); especially (followed by בְּ) of cleaving to ׳י Deuteronomy 11:22 ("" אָהֵב, הָלַךְ בְּכָלדְּֿרָכָיו) Deuteronomy 30:20 ("" אָהֵב, שָׁמַע בְּקֹלוֺ), Joshua 22:5 ("" אָהֵב, ׳הָלַךְ וגו, שָׁמַר מִצְוֺתָיו); compare further Deuteronomy 10:20; Deuteronomy 13:5; Joshua 23:8 (all D), 2 Kings 18:6; Psalm 63:9 (followed by אַחֲרֵי) & Psalm 119:31 דָּבַקְתּי בְֵעדְוֺתֶ֑יךָ; so
b. of the opposite בְּחַטּאֹות יָָֽרָבְעָם ֗֗֗ דָּבֵ֑ק 2 Kings 3:37,
c. subject disease, calamity, followed by בְּ person Deuteronomy 28:60; 2 Kings 5:27; followed by אַחֲרֵי Jeremiah 42:16; followed by accusative Genesis 19:19 (J); subject sin Psalm 101:3 (followed by בְּ person)
Pu`al Imperfect3masculine plural יְדֻבָּ֑קוּ passive of Hiph`il
1 followed by בְּ, of crocodile's scales, they are joined together Job 41:9 ("" יִתְלַכְּדוּ); absolute of earth-clods Job 38:38.
Hiph`il Perfect3feminine singular suffix הִדְבִּיקָ֑תְהוּ Judges 20:42; 3plural suffix הִדְבִּיקֻהוּ 2 Samuel 1:6; 1singular הִדְבַּקְתִּי Jeremiah 13:11; וְהִדְבַּקְתִּ֫י Ezekiel 29:4; Imperfect jussive יַדְבֵּק Deuteronomy 28:21; וַיַּדְבֵּק Genesis 31:23; אַדְבִּיק Ezekiel 3:26; וַיַּדְבִּיקוּ Judges 18:22; Judges 20:45; וַיַּדְבְּקוּ 1 Samuel 14:22 2t. (compare Ges§ 53 R 4 Köi. 210).
1 cause to cling or cleave to, followed by accusative + אֶל, literally וּלְשׁוֺנְךָ אַדְבִּיק אֶלחִֿכֶּ֑ךָ Ezekiel 3:26; see also Ezekiel 29:4 (followed by accusative + בְּ; literal, but in metaphor); figurative of causing to cleave to ׳י Jeremiah 13:11 (followed by accusative + אֶל); compare further Deuteronomy 28:21 (subject ׳י, followed by accusative of disease + בְּ).
2 pursue closely, followed by אַחֲרֵי Judges 20:45; 1 Samuel 14:22; 1 Chronicles 10:2 = 1 Samuel 31:2 (followed by accusative); so also 2 Samuel 1:6 (followed by accusative)
3 overtake, followed by accusative Genesis 31:23 (E), Judges 18:22; compare Judges 20:42 (subject הַמִּלְחָמַה).
Hoph`al Participle וּלְשׁוֺנִי מֻדְבָּק מַלְקוֺחָ֑י Psalm 22:16 and my tongue is made to cleave (to) my gums; compare below
[דְּבֵק] verb cling (Biblical Hebrew); —
Pe`al Participle plural דָּֽבְקִין דְּנָה עִםדְּֿנָה Daniel 2:43.
abide fast, cleave fast together, follow close hard after, be joined together
A primitive root; properly, to impinge, i.e. Cling or adhere; figuratively, to catch by pursuit -- abide fast, cleave (fast together), follow close (hard after), be joined (together), keep (fast), overtake, pursue hard, stick, take.