] verb be light, shining
, adjective bright
(compare LagBN 120
); Aramaic זְהַר
; Late Hebrew in derivatives; see also below II. זהר
Hiph`il intrans. (late) send out light, shine, figurative of everlasting glory of teachers of righteousness: וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יַוְהִרוּ כְּזֹהַר הָרָקִיעַ Daniel 12:3 and they that make wise shall shine like the shining of the firmament ("" וּמַצְדִּיקֵי הָרַבִּים כַּכּוֺכָבִים לְעוֺלָם וָעֶד).
II. [זָהַר] verb only
Hiph`il, Niph`al (Late Hebrew Hiph`il, admonish, compare Aramaic זְהַר (Aph`el, Pa`el etc.), (Arabic VIII. take care of, be mindful of is perhaps Aramaic loan-word, so Tel Amarna compare Lane). — Most identify with I. זהר = give light, enlighten, instruct, admonish; this possible, but not certain, meaning shine is late in Hebrew; usual sense as given below is not enlighten, illumine mentally, but warn; see also construction with two accusatives Exodus 18:20); —
Hiph`il Perfect וְהִזְהִיר consecutive Ezekiel 33:3; suffix וְהִזְהִירהֹ 2 Kings 6:10; 2masculine singular הִזְהַרְתָּ Ezekiel 3:19; Ezekiel 33:9, וְהִזְהַרְתָּ֫ Ezekiel 3:17; Ezekiel 33:7, וְהִזְהַרְתָּ֫ה Exodus 18:20, suffix הִזְהַרְתּוֺ Ezekiel 3:18,20,21, וְהִזְהַרְתָּ consecutive Ezekiel 3:17; Ezekiel 33:7; וְהִזְהַרְתֶּם consecutive 2 Chronicles 19:10; Infinitive construct לְהַזְהִיר Ezekiel 3:18; Ezekiel 33:8; — instruct, teach, warn: Exodus 18:20 (E) teach them ordinances (2 accusative); 2 Kings 6:10 the place which (אֲשֶׁר) the man of God told him of (אָמַרלֿוֺ) and warned him (suffix) of; elsewhere only Ezra, Chronicles; warn, give a warning to, always followed by accusative of person only: Ezekiel 3:18,19,20; Ezekiel 33:3; give them (accusative) a warning from me (מִמֶּנִּי, ׳י speaks) Ezekiel 3:17; Ezekiel 33:7; warn the wicked (רָשָׁע) from (away from, מִן) his way Ezekiel 3:18; Ezekiel 33:8,9; warn the righteous (צַדִּיק) Ezekiel 3:21 followed by Infinitive in order that the righteous sin not, compare 2 Chronicles 19:10 followed by accusative of person + final clause with וְ.
Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular נִזְהָ֔ר Ezekiel 3:21; Ezekiel 33:4,5,6; also נִזְהָ֖ר Ezekiel 33:5 (read perhaps הִזְהִיר, so We Sm Co); Imperative הִזָּהֵר Ecclesiastes 12:12; Infinitive construct לְהִזָּהֵר Ecclesiastes 4:13; Participle נִזְהָר Psalm 19:12; — be instructed, admonished, warned (passive of Hiph`il): — גַּםעַֿבְדְּךָ נִזְהָ֣ר בָּהֶם Psalm 19:12 yea thy servant, he is instructed (or warned) by them (i.e. lets himself be instructed or warned by the ׳מִשְׁמְּטֵי י Psalm 19:10); in Ezekiel distinctly take warning, absolute Ezekiel 3:21 (compare
Hiph`il) Ezekiel 33:4,5a; so Ecclesiastes 12:2 and, more Generally, אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָדַע לְהִזָּהֵר Ecclesiastes 4:13 who knoweth not how to take admonition; be warned, receive warning Ezekiel 33:6 (of people, with לֹא, i.e. if no warning be given them), also ᵑ0 Ezekiel 33:5b, but read perhaps Hiph`il (see above) but he (i.e. the watchman) gave warning, he hath delivered his (own) soul.