] verb unite
(usually intransitive), be joined, tie a magic knot or spell, charm
(Late Hebrew id.
yet Assyrian [abâru
], ubburu bind, ban
(of spells), êbru
, and many derivatives, DlW 51 ff.
; Aramaic חַבֵּר
and many derivatives; compare Phoenician noun חבר
Qal Perfect3masculine plural חָֽבְרוּ Genesis 14:3 Participle active masculine חֹבֵר Deuteronomy 18:11,חוֺבֵר Psalm 58:6; feminine pluralחֹבְרֹת Exodus 26:3 (twice in verse) + 2t. + Ezekiel 1:9 (compare below), חוֺבְרוֺת Ezekiel 1:11; Passive participle construct חֲבוּר Hosea 4:17 (yet. see below); —
1 unite, be joined:
a. of allies, followed by אֶלֹֿ location Genesis 14:3, construction pregnant = came as allies unto; passive participle figurative חֲבוּר עֲצַבִּים אֶפְרָ֖יִם Hosea 4:17 Ephraim is joined to idols (but We reads חבר, see חבֵר 2d, and compare חֲבֵרָיו Isaiah 44:11, חֲבֶרְתְּךָ Malachi 2:14).
b. of one thing reaching to, touching another; wings of Ezekiel's living creatures followed by אֶלֿ of thing, Ezekiel 1:9 (strike out ᵐ5 B Co, but see Sm); compare אישׁ ׳ח, Ezekiel 1:11, i.e. joining each one (transitive), < ᵐ5 ᵑ6 Co אשׁה ׳ח אלאֿחותה (as Ezekiel 1:9), united each to the other; so of curtains of tabernacle, followed by אֶלֿ of thing Exodus 26:3 (twice in verse); absolute joined together, of shoulderpieces of ephod Exodus 28:7 (all P; compare also Pu`al).
2 tie magic knots, charm (RSJPh xiv. 1885,123 thinks meaning charm is derived from nectere verba, and compare Arabic , narrative); only with accusative of congnate meaning with verb חָ֑בֶר ׳ה Deuteronomy 18:11 (in a long series of kindred phrases), specifically of charming serpents Psalm 58:6 ("" מְלַחֲשִׁים).
Pi`el Perfect3masculine singular חִבַּר Exodus 36:10; 2masculine singular וְחִבַּרְתָּ֫ Exodus 26:6 2t.; Imperfect וַיְחַבֵּר Exodus 36:10 2t.; suffix וַיְחַבְּרֵהוּ2Chronicles 20:36; Infinitive construct לְחַבֵּר Exodus 36:18; —
1 make an ally of unite one with, only ויחברהו עִמּוֺ2Chronicles 20:36 and he united him with himself, followed by Infinitive purpose.
2 unite, join (transitive), only Exodus (P), of tabernacle, object the curtains, followed by accusative + אֶלֿ of thing Exodus 26:6; Exodus 36:10 (twice in verse); Exodus 36:13;. followed by accusative only Exodus 26:9; Exodus 36:16; object אתהֿאהל join the tent together, Exodus 26:11; Exodus 36:18.
Pu`al Perfect3masculine singular חֻבָּ֑ר Exodus 39:4, וְחֻבָּ֑ר consec Exodus 28:7 (but see below) 3 feminine singular שֶׁחֻבְּרָהֿ Psalm 122:3; Imperfect3masculine singular יְחֻבַּר Ecclesiastes 9:4 Qr (Kt יבחרsee below); suffix הַיְחָבְרְךָ Psalm 94:20 (Köi. 257 f.; Ges Ew Bö De and others as
1.a. be allied with thee (suffix reference to ׳י) Psalm 94:20;
b. be united to = be one of, אל כלֿ ׳מי אשׁר יְח הַחַיִּם whoever is united to all the living (Kt יבחר is meaningless).
2 be joined together, of ephod ׳עַלשְֿׁנֵי קְצוֺותָ֯ו ח Exodus 39:4 by its two edges was it joined together; compare "" Exodus 28:7 (where ᵑ0 אֶלשְֿׁנֵי קְצוֺתיו וְחֻבָּ֑ר < ᵐ5 ⅏ which read ׳ק ׳עַלשֿׁ יְחֻבָּ֑ר); לָֿהּ׳עִיר שֶׁח Psalm 122:3 joined together for itself i.e. compactly built (of Jerusalem).
Hiph`il Imperfect1singular אַחְבִּ֫ירָה עליכם בְּמִלִּים Job 16:4 I could make a joining with words (i.e. join words together RV VB) against you.
Hithpa`el (late) Perfect אֶתְחַבֵּר (Ges§ 541n.) 2 Chronicles 20:35; Imperfect יִתְחַבָּ֑רוּ Daniel 11:6; Infinitive suffix הִתְחַבֶּרְךָ2Chronicles 20:37; Aramaic form הִתְחַבְּרוּת Daniel 11:23 (Ges§ 54, 3 R. 1) — join oneself to, make an alliance with, followed byעִם person 2 Chronicles 20:35,37, followed by אֶלֿ person Daniel 11:23; reciprocal league together (absolute) Daniel 11:6.
[חֲבַר] noun masculine fellow, comrade (ᵑ7 Syriac; see Biblical Hebrew); — plural suffix חַבְרוֺ֫הִי Daniel 2:13. D17 D18.