2490. chalal
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chalal: pierce
Original Word: חָלַל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chalal
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-lal')
Short Definition: pierce

I. חָלַל verb bore, pierce (Arabic perforate, pierce through, transfix, Ethiopic (hollow) read; Aramaic חֲלַל hollow out, חֲלִילָא pipe; adjective hollow, cave, sheath, etc.; Late Hebrew in derivatives חָלָל noun hollow, adjective slain, חָלִיל pipe); —

Qal Perfect לִבִּי חָלַל בְּקִרְבִּי my heart is pierced (wounded) within me Psalm 109:22 (? literally one has pierced my heart; or read

Pu`al חֻלַּל ?); Infinitive construct חַלּוֺתִי הִיא Psalm 77:11 it is my piercing, my wound (my woe, my cross; so Ew Hi De Bae MV SS Köi. 341, but Hup Pe Bi Che read חֲלוֺתִי my sickness).

Pi`el Participle plural (Baer) בְּיַד מְחַללֶי֑ךָ Ezekiel 28:9 in the hand of the ones wounding thee (Sm Co read מְחוֺלְלֶ֑ךָ).

Pu`al Participle מְחֻלֲלֵי חֶרֶב pierced by the sword Ezekiel 32:26.

Po`el Perfect3feminine singular חֹלֲלָה יָדוֺ נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ Job 26:13 his hand pierced the fleeing serpent; Participle feminine מְחוֺלֶלֶת תַּנִּין Isaiah 51:9 who pierced the dragon.

Po`al Participle מֲחֹלָל מִמְּשָׁעֵינוּ Isaiah 53:5 pierced, wounded because of our transgressions (of the servant of ׳י, "" מְדֻכָּא מֵעֲוֺנֹתֵינוּ).

II. [חלל] verb denominative play the pipe, pipe

Qal Participle plural וְשָׁרִים כְּחֹלֲלִים Psalm 87:7 as well the singers as the pipe-players, compare AV; < RV Pe De Che Bae and others

Polel Participle from 1. חוּל dancers.

Pi`el Participle וְהָעָם מְחַלְּלִים בַּחֲלִלִים 1 Kings 1:40 and the people piped with pipes (compare Assyrian —âlalu, according to D1 in ZimBP 117).

III. [חָלַל] verb pollute, defile, profane;

Hiph`il also begin (literally untie, loosen, open, see Arabic) (Arabic untie, undo, become free, lawful, free from obligation or tie; IV. make lawful; x. esteem lawful or free, profane, desecrate, violate; Late Hebrew חלל be profane, desecrated (also Pi`el Hiph`il transitive), compare Aramaic חֲלַל Pa`el is purify, Aph`el is profane) —

Niph`al Perfect נִחָ֑ל Ezekiel 25:3, נִחַלְתְּ (תִּי- Co) Ezekiel 22:16, נִחֲלוּ Ezekiel 7:24; Imperfect יֵחָ֑ל Isaiah 48:11, תֵּחֵל Leviticus 21:9, וָאֵחַל Ezekiel 22:26; Infinitive הֵחֵל Ezekiel 20:9,14,22, suffix לְהֵחַלּוֺ Leviticus 21:4. —

1 reflex. pollute, defile oneself

a. ritually, by contact with dead "" טמא, Leviticus 21:4 (H).

b. sexually "" זנה Leviticus 21:9 (H).

2 Pass., be polluted, defiled, of holy places Ezekiel 7:24; Ezekiel 25:3, name of God Ezekiel 20:9,14,22; Isaiah 48:11 and even God himself Ezekiel 22:16,26.

Pi`el Perfect חִלֵּל Leviticus 19:8 3t.; suffix חִלִּלוֺ Deuteronomy 20:6; 2masculine singular חִלַּלְתָּ Genesis 49:4 3t.; 2 feminine singular חִלָּ֑֔לְתְּ Ezekiel 22:8; 3plural suffix חִלְּלוּהֻ֯ Ezekiel 7:21 etc., + 16 t. Perfect; Imperfect יְחַלֵּל Leviticus 21:12,15,23; suffix יְחַלְּלֶנּוּ Deuteronomy 20:6; plural יְחַלְּלוּ Leviticus 21:6 4t., יְחַלֵּ֑לוּ Psalm 89:32 etc., + 13 t. Imperfect; Infinitive חַלֵּל Amos 2:7 4t.; חַלְּלוֺ Ezekiel 23:39 4t.; חַלְּלָם Jeremiah 16:18; Participle מְחַלֵּל Ezekiel 24:21 plural מְחַלְּלִים Malachi 1:12; Nehemiah 13:17; suffix מְחַלֲלֶיהָ Exodus 31:14; feminine מְחַלֶּלֶת Leviticus 21:9; —

1 defile, pollute:

a. sexually, Genesis 49:4 (poem) = 1 Chronicles 5:1 (the father's bed); a woman = זנה Leviticus 19:29; Leviticus 21:9 (H); זַרְעוֺ Leviticus 21:15 (H).

b. ceremonially, profane, the altar by a tool Exodus 20:25 (JE); sacred places Leviticus 21:12,23 (H), Ezekiel 7:21,22 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 23:39; Ezekiel 24:21; Ezekiel 44:7; Zephaniah 3:4; Malachi 2:11; Psalm 74:7; Daniel 11:31; the holy land Jeremiah 16:18; sacred things Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 22:9,15 (H) Numbers 18:32 (P) Ezekiel 22:26; the sabbath Exodus 31:14 (P), Isaiah 56:2,6; Ezekiel 20:13,16,21,24; Ezekiel 22:8; Ezekiel 23:38; Nehemiah 13:17,18; and so the sanctity of the prince of Tyre who made himself God, and his holy places, Ezekiel 28:7,16,18.

c. the name of God Leviticus 18:21; Leviticus 19:12; Leviticus 20:3; Leviticus 21:6; Leviticus 22:2,32 (all H), Amos 2:7; Jeremiah 34:16; Ezekiel 20:39; Ezekiel 36:20,21,22,23; Malachi 1:12, God himself Ezekiel 13:19.

d. ׳י defiles or profanes his inheritance by giving it over to Babylon Isaiah 47:6; the princes of the sanctuary by giving them to Chaldeans Isaiah 43:28.

2 violate the honour of, dishonour, ׳י subject crown of Davidic kingdom Psalm 89:40 (followed by לארץ pregnantly), kingdom of Judah Lamentations 2:2; the גאון בל צבי Isaiah 23:9.

3 violate a covenant Psalm 55:21; Psalm 89:35; Malachi 2:10, the חקות of God Psalm 89:32.

4 treat a vineyard as common (see חֹל) by beginning to use its fruit Deuteronomy 20:6 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 28:30; Jeremiah 31:5 (see the law Leviticus 19:23-25, H).

Pu`al Participle בַּגּוֺיִם שְׁמִי הַגָּדוֺל הַמְֿחֻלָּל Ezekiel 36:23 my great name which is profaned among the nations.

Hiph`il 1. a. Imperfect אֶתשֶֿׁםקָֿדְשִׁי עוֺד לֹא אַחֵל Ezekiel 39:7 I will not let my holy name be profaned any more.

b. לֹא יַחֵל דְּבָרוֺ he shall not violate his word Numbers 30:3 (P).

2 begin, Perfect הֵחֵל Genesis 6:1 15t., הֵ֫חֵלָּה Judges 20:40, הַחִלּוֺתָ Deuteronomy 3:24; Esther 6:13, הַחִלֹּתִי Deuteronomy 2:31; 1 Samuel 22:15, הֵחֵ֫לּוּ Ezra 3:6 6t.; Imperfect יָחֵל Judges 10:18; Judges 13:5, וַיָּ֫חֶל Genesis 9:20 5t., 3 feminine singular וַ֫תָּחֶל Judges 13:25; Judges 16:19, 2masculine singular תָּחֵל Deuteronomy 16:9, אָחֵל Deuteronomy 2:25; Joshua 3:7, וַיָּחֵ֫לּוּ Judges 20:31 3t., וַתְּחִלֶּינָה Genesis 41:54, תָּחֵ֫לּוּ Ezekiel 9:6; Imperative הָחֵל Deuteronomy 2:24,31; Infinitive construct הָחֵל 1 Samuel 3:12 2t.; suffix הַחִלָּם Genesis 11:6; Participle מֵחַל Jeremiah 25:29; — begin, Numbers 17:11; Numbers 17:12 (P) Deuteronomy 16:9; 2Chronicles 29:27 (twice in verse); so 2 Samuel 24:15 ᵐ5 We Dr (ᵐ5 inserts וְהַמַּגֵּפָה הֵחֵ֫לָּה בָּעָם before וַיָּ֫מָת); with Infinitive (ל) begin to Genesis 41:54 (E), Genesis 6:1; Genesis 10:8 = 1 Chronicles 1:10; Genesis 11:6; Numbers 25:1 (all J), Deuteronomy 2:25,31; Deuteronomy 3:24; Deuteronomy 16:9; Joshua 3:7 (D), Judges 10:18; Judges 13:5,25; Judges 16:19,22; Judges 20:31,39,40; 1 Samuel 3:2; 1 Samuel 14:35; 1 Samuel 22:15; 2 Kings 10:32; 2 Kings 15:37; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 2Chronicles 3:1,2; 29:17; 31:7,10,21; 34:3 (twice in verse); Ezra 3:6; Nehemiah 4:1; Esther 6:13; Esther 9:23; Jeremiah 25:29; Jonah 3:4; with ו consecutive Genesis 9:20 (J), Ezra 3:8.; with בְּ begin with Genesis 44:12 (J), Ezekiel 9:6; 2Chronicles 20:22; so 2 Samuel 24:5, read וַיָּחֵ֫לּוּ for וַיַּחֲנוּ ᵐ5L We Dr.; with מן begin from Ezekiel 9:6; הָחֵל רָשׁ begin! possess! Deuteronomy 2:24,31; הָחֵל וְכַלֵּה beginning and ending 1 Samuel 3:12 (i.e. accomplishing my full purpose, see Dr).

Hoph`al Perfect ׳אָז הוּחַל לִקְראֹ בְּשֵׁם י then it was begun (= men began) to call on the name of ׳י Genesis 4:26 (J).

Note.וַיָּחֵלּוּ מְעַט מִמַּשָּׂא Hosea 8:10 begin to be minished by reason of the burden RV Hi and others; Wü Now read וְיָחִלוּ (I. חול, חיל) — for omission of daghesh see also וְיָחֵלוּ of Babylonian Manuscript — shall be in anguish a little for the burden, so Ra AV; Ew וְיָחִלוּ that they may wait (?) a little; ᵐ5 וחדלו מעט ממשׁח cease a little from anointing, so Che We, this probably best.

begin men began, defile, break, defile, eat as common things

A primitive root (compare chalah); properly, to bore, i.e. (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively, to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an "opening wedge"); denom. (from chaliyl) to play (the flute) -- begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

see HEBREW chalah

see HEBREW chaliyl

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