2658. chaphar
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chaphar: to dig, search for
Original Word: חָפַר
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chaphar
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-far')
Short Definition: dug

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to dig, search for
NASB Translation
76,500* (1), dig (2), digs (1), dug (11), hollowed (1), look around (1), paws (1), sank (1), search (3), spies (1).

I. חָפַר verb dig, search for (Arabic id.; Aramaic חֲפַר, , id.; Late Hebrew חֵפֶר act of digging) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח Job 39:29; וְחָפַרְתָּ֫ Job 11:18; וְחָפַרְתָּ֫ה Deuteronomy 23:14; חָפַרְתִּי Genesis 21:30; חָֽפְרוּ Genesis 26:18 2t.; חָפָ֑רוּ Genesis 26:32; חֲפָרוּהָ Numbers 21:18; Imperfect וַיַּחְמֹּר Genesis 26:18,22; וַיַּחְמְּרֵהוּ Psalm 7:16; וָאֶחְמֹּר Jeremiah 13:7; יַחְמְּרוּ Job Job 39:21 (but read יַחְמֹּר so ᵐ5 ᵑ9 ᵑ6 Di) Deuteronomy 1:22; וַיַּחְמְּרוּ Genesis 26:19 2t.; וַיַּחְמְּרֻהוּ Job 3:21; Infinitive construct לַחְמֹּר Joshua 2:2,3+ Isaiah 2:20 (compare below); Participle חֹפֵר Ecclesiastes 10:8; —

1 dig:

a. a well, with accusative בְּאֵר Genesis 21:30 (E), Genesis 26:15,18 (twice in verse); Genesis 26:19,21,22,32 (J), Numbers 21:18 (E); compare Exodus 7:24 (E); dig (a hole, implied as object) Deuteronomy 23:14; a pit, with hostile purpose, as snare or trap, figurative of malicious plan, with accusative בּוֺר Psalm 7:16 ("" כָּרָה); so with accusative גומץ Ecclesiastes 10:8, compare [שַׁחַת] לְנַפְשִׁי ׳ח Psalm 35:7; of horse, dig, i.e. paw the ground, יַחְמֹּר בָּעֵמֶק Job 39:21 (so read, see above) he paweth in the valley (compare Arabic hoof).

b. dig for something hidden, with accusative Job 3:21 (figurative of longing for death), Jeremiah 13:7 (no object expressed)

2 search, search out, explore, with accusative הָאָרֶץ Joshua 2:3 (twice in verse) (JE), Deuteronomy 1:22; of eagle, search for food, with accusative אֹכֶל ׳ח Job 39:29, with especially reference to keen vision ("" מֵרָחוֺק עֵינָיו יַבִּיטוּ); so = search or look carefully about before going to rest Job 11:18 (no object). — לַחְמֹּר Isaiah 2:20 see חֲפַרְמָּרָה below

dig, paw, search out, seek

A primitive root; properly, to pry into; by implication, to delve, to explore -- dig, paw, search out, seek.

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