Brown-Driver-Briggs חֲצֹצְרָה noun feminine clarion
(Late Hebrew חֲצוֺצֶרֶת
, Aramaic חֲצוֺצַרְתָּצ
) — mostly P and late; — absolute ׳ח Hosea 5:8
; plural absolute חֲצֹצְרוֺת Numbers 10:8
22t.; חֲצֹצְרֹת Numbers 10:9,10
; construct id. Numbers 31:6
; 2Chronicles 13:12; חֲצוֺצְרֹת Numbers 10:2
1 as secular instr. Hosea 5:8 ("" שׁוֺפָר) 2 Kings 11:14 (twice in verse) = 2Chronicles 23:13 (twice in verse).
2 as sacred instr. 2 Kings 12:14, especially for use by priests (only P, Psalm 98 and Chronicles).
a. ׳תקע בח (of blowing a single long blast) Numbers 10:3,4,7,8, to gather congregation or ׳נשׂיא together, and, on festivals, over sacrifice, 'to be remembered before ׳י,' Numbers 10:10.
b. ׳תקע תרועה בח, or ׳הריע בח (of sounding alarm, — a series of quick blasts) for camps to move Numbers 10:5,6, also in battle, Numbers 10:9, 'to be remembered before ׳י;' so Numbers 31:6; 2Chronicles 13:12 (compare 2 Chronicles 13:14), both התרועה ׳ח.
c. especially in Chr's descriptions of ceremonies at festivals, to express rejoicing: 1 Chronicles 13:8; 1 Chronicles 15:28 ("" קוֺל שׁוֺפָר), 1 Chronicles 16:6,42; 2Chronicles 15:14 ("" שׁוֺפָר), 2 Chronicles 20:28; 29:26,27; Ezra 3:10; Nehemiah 12:35,41; Psalm 98:6 ("" קוֺל שׁוֺפָר); ׳הָרִים קוֺל בח2Chronicles 5:13; ׳מחצצרים בח 1 Chronicles 15:24; 2Chronicles 5:12,13; 13:14; in 2 Chronicles 29:28 this participle agrees with noun in sense, and is masculine; and the clarions (= players on the clarions) sounded. — The חֲצֹצְרָה, or (sacred) clarion, was a long, straight, slender metal tube, with flaring end, see BenzArchäol. 277; distinguished thus from the שׁוֺפָר which was originally a ram's horn, and probably always retained the horn-shape; the שׁוֺפָר is mentioned constantly in the earlier literature, and was used by watchmen, warriors, etc., as well as priests (see Benzib. 276 and שׁוֺפָר).