chaqaq: to cut in, inscribe, decreeOriginal Word: חָקַקPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
to cut in, inscribe, decreeNASB Translation
carve (1), commanders (2), decree (1), decreed (1), enact (1), inscribe (2), inscribed (3), lawgiver (1), marked (1), portrayed (1), ruler's (1), ruler's staff (1), scepter (3).
] verb cut in, inscribe, decree
(Late Hebrew id.
, Aramaic חֲקַק
, Zinjirli חקק
; Phoenician id. Participle
Hiph`il; Arabic be just, right, obligatory
, also make
or decide to be just
, etc.; justness, truth, necessity, obligation
adjective moderate, sufficient
; compare also חקה
Qal וְחַקּוֺתָ֫ Ezekiel 4:1; suffix חַקֹּתִיךְ Isaiah 49:16; Infinitive suffix בְּחֻקּוֺ Proverbs 8:27; בְּחוּקוֺ Proverbs 8:29 (assimilated to בְּשׂוּמוֺ); חֻקָּהּ Isaiah 30:8; Participle חֹקְקִי Isaiah 22:16 (archaic case ending Ges§ 90. 3 a); plural חֹקְקִים Isaiah 10:1; construct חוֺקְקֵי Judges 5:9 (possibly Po`el = מחוקקי with מְ omitted, see Ges§ 52 (2), note 6); Participle Pass. plural חֲקֻקִֿים Ezekiel 23:14 (Co חקוקים); —
1 cut in, with בְּ, Isaiah 22:16, of a dwelling-place = tomb, in a rock.
2 cut in or on, upon, engrave, inscribe, with על on roll of a book Isaiah 30:8; representation of city on brick (as in Babylonia) Ezekiel 4:1; images on a wall Ezekiel 23:14; figurative of Zion's walls on palms of ׳י Isaiah 49:16.
3 trace, mark out, a circle, with על over the face of deep Proverbs 8:27; with accusative, foundations of earth Proverbs 8:29.
4 of a law, engrave, inscribe (on a tablet), figurative for enact, decree חקקים חקקי און Isaiah 10:1 ("" כתב עמל); חוֺקקֵי ישׂראל poetic = commanders (see Po`el) Judges 5:9 ("" מחקקים Judges 5:14).
Po`el Imperfect יְחוֺקְקוּ Proverbs 8:15; Participle מְחֹקֵק Genesis 49:10; Numbers 21:18; Deuteronomy 33:21; suffix מְחֹקְקִי Psalm 60:9; Psalm 108:9; מְחֹקְקֵנוּ Isaiah 33:22; plural מְחֹקְקִים Judges 5:14; — inscribe (as a law), enact (poetry): with accusative צֶדֶק Proverbs 8:15 elsewhere participle
a. prescriber of laws, hence (as sovereign authority in a warlike clan) commander Deuteronomy 33:21 (of warlike tribe of Gad), Judges 5:14; Isaiah 33:22 (of ׳י; "" שֹׁפְטֵנוּ, מַלְכֵּנוּ).
b. commander's staff Genesis 49:10 ("" שֵׁבֶט), Numbers 21:18 (both poetry), Psalm 60:9 = Psalm 108:9.
Pu`al Participle מְחֻקָּק that which is decreed Proverbs 31:5 (late).
Hoph`al Imperfect יֻחָ֑קֿוּ Job 19:23 inscribed in (בְּ) a book.
appoint, decree, governor, grave, lawgiver, note, portray, print,
A primitive root; properly, to hack, i.e. Engrave (Judges 5:14, to be a scribe simply); by implication, to enact (laws being cut in stone or metal tablets in primitive times) or (gen.) Prescribe -- appoint, decree, governor, grave, lawgiver, note, pourtray, print, set.