2748. chartom
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chartom: an engraver, writer
Original Word: חַרְטֹם
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: chartom
Phonetic Spelling: (khar-tome')
Short Definition: magicians

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from the same as cheret
an engraver, writer
NASB Translation
magicians (11).

[חַרְטֹם] noun masculineExodus 7:22 engraver, writer, only in derived sense of one possessed of occult knowledge, diviner, astrologer, magician (probably = ם + חֶרֶט, see Di Ol§ 216, 5 Sta§§ 295, 327 a) **the fact that the word is always applied to Egyptian magicians, except Daniel 2:2 (late), suggests Egyptian origin, but no agreement among Egyptologists: HarkavyJas., 1870, Mars-Avril, 169 proposes χαρ, speak + tum, hidden = teller of hidden things; WiedSamml 44 thinks Hebrew word perhaps imitating an Egyptian cher-‰em-t, he who holds the book; FC Cook'Speaker's' Comm. i. 279 proposes cher-tum = bearer of sacred words. — only plural absolute חַרְטֻמִּים Genesis 41:24 4t.; חַרְטֻמִּם Exodus 8:15; Exodus 9:11; construct חַרְטֻמֵּי Genesis 41:8 2t.; —

1 magicians of Egypt Genesis 41:8 (E; "" חֲכָמִים), Genesis 41:24 (E), Exodus 8:3; Exodus 8:14; Exodus 8:15; Exodus 7:11 ("" חֲכָמִים, מְכַשְּׁפִים), Exodus 7:22; Exodus 9:11 (twice in verse) (all P).

2 magicians of Babylon Daniel 2:2 ("" אַשָּׁפִים, מְכַשְּׁפִים, כַּשְׂדִּים).

II. חרט (√ of following; relation to I. חרט obscure).

חַרְטֹם noun masculine magician (Biblical Hebrew id quod, √ I. חרט); — absolute Daniel 2:10; plural absolute חַרְטֻמִּין Daniel 2:27; Daniel 5:11; מַּיָא- Daniel 4:4,6.


From the same as cheret; a horoscopist (as drawing magical lines or circles) -- magician.

see HEBREW cheret

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