Brown-Driver-Briggs חִתִּי adjective
name, of a people Hittite(s) (Egyptian –-tá, –etá W Max MüllAsien u. Europa, 319 ff.; Assyrian –atti, SchrKG 192 ff. COT on Genesis 10:19 DlPa, 269 ff.; Tel el-Amarna –atti, –atta BezTel el Amarn. Brit. Mus. 150) — masculine always with article הַחִתִּי Genesis 23:10; Exodus 3:8 +; feminine חִתִּית Ezekiel 16:3,45; masculine plural הַחִתִּים Joshua 1:4 3t.; feminine plural חִתִּיֹּת 1 Kings 11:1; —
1. adjective , of seller of Machpelah to Abraham, עֶפְרוֺן הַחִתִּי Genesis 23:10; Genesis 49:29,30; Genesis 50:13; עֶפְרֹן בֶּןצֹֿחַר ׳הַח Genesis 25:9 (all P); of fathers of Esau's wives בְּאֵרִי ׳הַח Genesis 26:34; ׳אֵילוֺן הַח Genesis 26:34; Genesis 36:2 (all P); also of warriors of David, ׳אֲחִימֶלֶךְ הַח 1 Samuel 26:6, and especially ׳אוּרִיָּה הַח 2 Samuel 11:3,6,17,21,24; 2 Samuel 12:9,10; 2 Samuel 23:39; 1 Kings 15:5; 1 Chronicles 11:41; feminine singular = substantive, only of (religious) ancestry of Jerusalem Ezekiel 16:3 thy father was the Amorite, and thy mother was a Hittite woman חִתִּית, similarly Ezekiel 16:45; feminine plural = substantive of Solomon's foreign wives, חִתִּיֹּת 1 Kings 11:1 Hittite women (+ מוֺאֲבִיּוֺת, עַמּוֺנִיּוֺת, אֲדֹמִיֹּת, צֵדְנִיֹּת).
2. n. usually
a. collective הַחִתִּי the Hittites: in lists of Canaanitish peoples Genesis 15:20 (JE), Exodus 3:8,11 (both J), Exodus 13:5; Exodus 23:23,28; Exodus 33:2; Exodus 34:11; Numbers 13:29; Joshua 3:10 (all J E), Deuteronomy 7:1; Deuteronomy 20:17; Joshua 9:1; Joshua 12:8; Joshua 24:11 (all D); read also for הַחִוִּי Judges 3:3 (so We Mey BuUrg 350); in Joshua 11:3 (D) strike out הַחִתִּי We Mey Bul.c., and read then הַחִתִּי for הַחִוִּי vb (so ᵐ5, not ᵐ5L); further 1 Kings 9:20 2Chronicles 8:7; Ezra 9:1; Nehemiah 9:8.
b. plural ׃הַחִתִּים כֹּל אֶרֶץ הַחִתִּים Joshua 1:4 (D) nearly = land of Canaanites; ׳ארץ הַח specifically of northern home of Hittites Judges 1:26; so also 2 Samuel 24:6 where read אֶרֶץ הַחִתִּים קֵ֫דְשָׁה (for ᵑ0 תחתים חָדְשִׁי, see חָדְשִׁי, קֵדֶשׁ); מַלְכֵי הַחִתִּים 1 Kings 10:29 2Chronicles 1:17 (both + מַלְכֵי אֲרָם), 2 Kings 7:6 (+ מַלְכֵי מִצְרַיִם, both feared by אֲרָם). Hence it appears that הַחִתִּי (םׅ had their proper seat in the north — where also they were encountered by Assyrians from time of Tiglath-Pileser I (see Schr Dl1. c.), and by Egyptians from time of Tutmes III (see W Max Müll.l.c.) — (compare also Judges 3:3; Joshua 11:3 above), but that individual Hittites were known in Israel (compare, besides 1 Samuel 2:6; 2 Samuel 11:3 etc., 1 Kings 9:20 above); that the Hittites were regarded (by J E D) as one of the peoples of Canaan, and that the name even came to be used in more General sense for Canaanites. Only in P do they appear as having a definite settlement in the south, and are designated by בְּנֵיחֵֿת (see חֵת), as well as by the adjective הַחִתִּי.