Brown-Driver-Briggs טָהֵר verb be clean, pure
; Late Hebrew id.
, Pi`el make
or declare ceremonially clean
; Aramaic טְהַר emptiness
, טִיהֲרָא brightness
; Sabean טהר
; Ethiopic purify, wash oneself with water
Qal Perfect ׳ט Leviticus 11:32 12t.; 3 feminine singular טָֽהֲרָה Leviticus 12:7; Leviticus 15:28; טָהֵ֑רָה Leviticus 12:8 etc., + 5 t. Perfect; Imperfect יִטְהַר Leviticus 15:13; Job 4:17 etc., + 9 t. Imperfect; Imperative טְהָ֑ר 2 Kings 5:10,13; —
1 be clean, i.e. (miraculously) freed from leprosy by washing in the Jordan 2 Kings 5:10,12,13,14.
2 be clean ceremonially (only H P), Leviticus 15:13,28 (twice in verse) (P), Leviticus 22:4 (H); by washing with water, the flesh Leviticus 22:7 (H); garments Leviticus 13:6,34,58; Numbers 31:24 (all P); both flesh and garments Leviticus 17:5 (H), Leviticus 14:8,9; Leviticus 15:13; Numbers 19:19 (all P); other articles Leviticus 11:32 (P); passing things through the fire Numbers 31:23 (P); offering sin-offerings Leviticus 12:7,8; Leviticus 14:20 (P); by the ceremony of the two birds Leviticus 14:53 (P); by ashes of red heifer Numbers 19:12 (twice in verse) (P).
3 be clean morally, of people, made clean by ׳יs scattering clean water upon them Ezekiel 36:25; of Jerusalem, specifically made clean from idolatry, under figure of adultery Jeremiah 13:27; also followed by מִן Ezekiel 24:13 (twice in verse) (purification by ׳י); made clean מִכָּלחַֿטּאֹתֵיכֶם Leviticus 16:30 (P; by the sin-offering of the atonement day); also of the individual, be clean מֵחַטָּאוֺת Proverbs 20:9 ("" זכה); become clean by use of hyssop Psalm 51:9 ("" אַלְבִּין); more Generally אִםמֵֿעשֵֹׁהוּ יִטְהַרגָּֿ֑בֶר Job 4:17 shall a man be more pure than his maker? ("" יִצְדָּ֑ק).
Pi`el Perfect טִהַר Leviticus 13:3 4t.; suffix טִהֲרוֺ Leviticus 13:6 5t.; 2 masculine singular טִהַרְתָּ Numbers 8:6,15 etc. + 7 t. Perfect; Imperfect; יְטַהֵר2Chronicles 34:5 etc. + 4 t. Imperfect; Imperative suffix טַהֲרֵנִי Psalm 51:4; Infinitive construct טַהֵר Ezekiel 39:12 5t.; suffix טַהֲרִי Ezekiel 36:33 etc. + 4 t. Infinitive; Participle מְטַחֵר Leviticus 14:11; Malachi 3:3; — chiefly P;
1 cleanse, purify:
a. physically, metals from dross Malachi 3:3; land from corpses Ezekiel 39:12,14,16; heavens from clouds Job 37:21; temple from unclean things 2Chronicles 29:15,16,18; land and city from Asherim and images 2 Chronicles 34:3,5,8; store-chambers of temple from household stuff Nehemiah 13:9; priesthood by exclusion of alien blood Nehemiah 13:30.
b. ceremonially, the altar of incense by the blood of the annual sin-offering Leviticus 16:19 (P); the people, gates, and wall (by some undefined ceremony) Nehemiah 12:30; the altar of the court by the blood of sin-offerings Ezekiel 43:26; of consecration of Levites by מֵי חטאת Numbers 8:6,7 (P), and חטאת Numbers 8:15,21 (P).
c. morally Leviticus 16:30 (P), Ezekiel 37:23; Malachi 3:3; מֵחַטָּאֹת Psalm 51:4; מֵעונ(ותׅ Jeremiah 33:8; Ezekiel 36:33; מִטּמא(ו)ת Ezekiel 24:13; Ezekiel 36:25.
2 pronounce clean, ceremonially Leviticus 13:6; Leviticus 13:13; Leviticus 13:17; Leviticus 13:23; Leviticus 12:28; Leviticus 13:34,37,59; Leviticus 14:7,48 (all P).
3 perform the ceremony of cleansing Leviticus 14:11 (P).
Pu`al Perfect3masculine singular טֹהַר 1 Samuel 20:26 (so. read for ᵑ0 טהור ᵐ5 We Dr, he is not clean, because he hath not been cleansed); Participle אֶרֶץ לֹא מְטֹהָרָה a land not cleansed Ezekiel 22:24 (but ᵐ5 Hi Ew Co SS read a land not rained upon, see מטר).
Hithpa`el Perfect3plural הִטָּֽהֲרוּ Ezra 6:20; הִטֶּהָ֑רוּ (Köi. 271) 2 Chronicles 30:18; Numbers 8:7; 1plural הִטַּהַרְנוּ Joshua 22:17; Imperfect יִטָּֽהֲרוּ Nehemiah 12:30; Imperative הִטָּֽהֲרוּ Genesis 35:2; Participle מִטַּהֵר Leviticus 14:7 11t.; plural מִטַּהֲרִים Nehemiah 13:22; Isaiah 66:17; — reflexive:
1 purify oneself:
a. ceremonially, especially in preparation for sacred duties Genesis 35:2 (R), Numbers 8:7; 2Chronicles 30:18; Ezra 6:20; Nehemiah 13:22; also for heathen mysteries Isaiah 66:17; of purifying priests, people, and wall Nehemiah 12:30 (compare Pi`el 1 b).
b. morally Joshua 22:17 (P).
2 present oneself for purification, only participle הַמִּטַּהֵר the candidate for purification Leviticus 14:4,7,8,11,14,17,18,19,25,28,29,31 (P).