kachash: to disappoint, deceive, fail, grow leanOriginal Word: כָּחַשׁPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
to disappoint, deceive, fail, grow leanNASB Translation
cringe (1), deceive (1), deceived (1), deceives (1), deception (1), denied (2), deny (3), denying (1), fail (2), give feigned obedience (1), grown lean (1), lied (3), pretend obedience (2), submit (1).
Brown-Driver-Briggs כָּחַשׁ verb be disappointing, deceive, fail, grow lean
(Late Hebrew כָּחַשׁ grow lean
; Hiph`il convict of falsehood, refute
; Aramaic כְּחַשׁ grow lean
; כַּחְשָׁא leanness
, כְּחִישׁוּתָא leanness, weakness
; Aph`el as Late Hebrew Hiph`il) —
Qal. Perfect3masculine singular וּבְשָׂרִי כָּחַשׁ מִשָּׁ֑מֶן Psalm 109:24 my flesh hath grown lean (away) from fatness ("" בִּרְכַּי כָּֽשְׁלוּ מִצּוֺם).
Niph`al Imperfect וְיִכָּֽחֲשׂוּ אֹיְבֶיךָ לָךְ Deuteronomy 33:29 thine enemies shall cringe (come cringing, i.e. originally act deceptively, feigning obedience) to thee (compare also Pi`el 3, Hithpa`el)
Pi`el Perfect3masculine singular כִּחֵשׁ 1 Kings 13:18; Habakkuk 3:17; וְכִּ֫חֶשׁ consecutive (before monosyll.) Leviticus 5:22; Job 8:18, etc.; Imperfect יְכַ֫חֶשּׁ (בָּהּׅ Hosea 9:2; 3feminine singular וַתְּכַחֵשׂ Genesis 18:15, etc.; Infinitive absolute כַּחֵשׁ Hosea 4:2; Isaiah 59:13; construct Zechariah 13:4; —
1 device, absolute Genesis 18:15 (J), Joshua 7:11 (JE), Hosea 4:2 (אלה וכחשׁ together = false swearing according to WeKl. Pr.; + וְרָצֹחַ וְגָנֹב וְנָאֹ֑ף), compare לֹא תִגְנֹ֑בוּ וְלֹאֿ תְכַחֲשׁוּ וְלֹא תְשַׁקְּרוּ אִישׁ בַּעֲמִיתוֺ Leviticus 19:11 (H); ׳לְמַעַן כ Zechariah 13:4 in order to deceive; followed by לְ person 1 Kings 13:18; Job 31:28; followed by בְ person and of thing Leviticus 5:21, בְ of thing Leviticus 6:22.
2 act deceptively against (i.e. seem to acknowledge, but not really do so), followed by בְ person Joshua 24:27 (E), Jeremiah 5:12; Isaiah 59:13; Job 8:18, apparently also בָּהּ ׳וְתִירוֺשׁ יכ Hosea 9:2 and new wine shall deny her (Israel; i.e. refuse to acknowledge her as its mistress, not yield itself to her); absolute Proverbs 30:9.
3 cringe = come cringing (make shew of obedience, see Niph`al) followed by בְ person Psalm 18:45 (Hithpa`el in "" 2 Samuel 22:45); followed by לְ person Psalm 66:3; Psalm 81:16.
4 disappoint, fail, absolute כִּחֵשׁ מַעֲשֵׂה זַיִת Habakkuk 3:17 the product of the olive hath failed (in sense compare Hosea 9:2 above)
Hithpa`el Imperfect יִתְכַּחֲשׁוּ לִי 2 Samuel 22:45 shall come cringing to me ("" Psalm 18:45. see above)
deceive, deny, dissemble, fail, deal falsely, be found liars, belie, lying,
A primitive root; to be untrue, in word (to lie, feign, disown) or deed (to disappoint, fail, cringe) -- deceive, deny, dissemble, fail, deal falsely, be found liars, (be-)lie, lying, submit selves.