3782. kashal
Jump to: LexiconNasecBDBStrong's
kashal: to stumble, stagger, totter
Original Word: כָּשַׁל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: kashal
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-shal')
Short Definition: stumble

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to stumble, stagger, totter
NASB Translation
bring you down (1), bring down (1), brought down (1), cast down (1), downfall (1), fail (1), failed (1), failing (1), fall (4), fall down (1), feeble (3), feeble* (1), overthrown (1), stumble (26), stumble badly (1), stumbled (12), stumbles (2), tottering (1), weak (1).

כָּשַׁל verb stumble, stagger, totter (Late Hebrew id.; Syriac [] give offence (occasion for stumbling), σκανδαλιζω, (chiefly Ethpe`el Aph`el), see PS Brock Schw; Arabic is be heavy, sluggish); —

Qal Perfect ׳כ Nehemiah 4:4 +, (Hosea 5:5b read יִכָּשֵׁל, compare We), כָּֽשְׁלָה Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 59:14; כָּֽשְׁלוּ Jeremiah 46:6 +, כָּשַׁלְנוּ Isaiah 59:10, etc.; Imperfect3masculine plural יכשׁ֑ולו Proverbs 4:16 Kt (but read Hiph`il, q. v., so Qr); יכשׁלו Nahum 3:3 Kt (but read Perfect וְכָֽשְׁלוּ so Qr); Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל Isaiah 40:30 (c. Niph`al Imperfect); Participle active כּוֺשֵׁל Isaiah 5:27 2t., כּשֵׁל2Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; feminine plural כּשְׁלוֺת Isaiah 35:3; —

1 stumble at, over, something, with ב (literally by means of), Nahum 3:3, ׳גִּבּוֺר בְּגִבּוֺר כ Jeremiah 46:13 (+ נָפַל), compare Leviticus 26:37; ׳וּנְעָרִיס בָּעֵץ כ Lamentations 5:13 i.e. stagger (of toil in captivity); absolute Isaiah 5:27 ׅ "" (עָיֵף, כָּֽשְׁלוּ וְנָפָ֑לוּ Jeremiah 46:6, compare ׳הִרְבָּה כּוֺשֵׁ֑ל גַּםנָֿפַל אישׁ וגו Jeremiah 46:16 (strange; Gie following in part ᵐ5 ᵑ6, עֶרְבְּךָ כָּשַׁל וְנָפַל thy mixed people — compare Jeremiah 25:20, etc. — hath stumbled and hath fallen); often figurative of overthrow, throughdivine judgment, with בְּ at, (see above) Jeremiah 6:21, so Isaiah 8:15 (+ נָפַל etc.) according to Ges Hi Bhul Che Di; < בָּם = among them, — Israel and Judah, — as ב in Isaiah 8:16, so Ew De Du EV; Hosea 4:5 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:5; Hosea 14:2 (בַּעֲוֺנֶָֽךָ, בְּ probably instrumental); absolute of Babylon, under figure of זָדוֺן, ונפל ׳כ Jeremiah 50:32; ונפל ׳כ Paslm Jeremiah 27:2; Isaiah 3:8; Isaiah 31:3 (both "" נפל); of אֱמֶת Isaiah 59:14; in metaphor of anxiety, distress Isaiah 59:10, Paslm Isa 107:12.

2 totter, of knees, literal מִצּוֺם ׳בִּרְכַּי כ Paslm Isa 109:24 my knees totter from fasting; figurative Isaiah 35:3 ("" יָדַיִם רָפוֺת) כּוֺשֵׁל tottering one, literal Job 4:4; 2Chronicles 28:15; Paslm 2 Chron 105:37; hence figurative, fail, of strength (כֹּחַ) Nehemiah 4:4; Paslm Neh 31:11; — Infinitive absolute כָּשׁוֺל, see below Niph`al

Niph`al Perfect consecutive וְנִכְשַׁל Daniel 11:9, וְנִכְשְׁלוּ Daniel 11:33, וְנִכְשָׁ֑לוּ Daniel 11:14; Imperfect יִכָּשֵׁל Ezekiel 33:12 + Hosea 5:5b (ᵐ5. as va, so We; ᵑ0 כָּשַׁל), 2 masculine singular תִּכָּשֵׁל Proverbs 4:12, בִּכָּֽשְׁלוּ Proverbs 24:17 (yet see Ges§ 51, R. 1), בְּהִכָּֽשְׁלָם Daniel 11:34; Participle נִכְשָׁל Zechariah 12:8; plural נִכְשָׁלִים 1 Samuel 2:4; —

1 stumble (= Qal) Nahum 2:6; Isaiah 63:13; Jeremiah 31:9; usually figurative:

a. of misfortune Proverbs 24:17 ("" נפל), negative Proverbs 4:12.

b. of divine judgement (with בְּ at) Proverbs 4:19; Proverbs 24:16, negative Ezekiel 33:12; see also Hosea 14:10 (בְ location), Jeremiah 20:11; Daniel 11:14,35, יִכָּֽשְׁלוּ וְיאֹבְדוּ מִמָּנֶיךָ Psalm 9:4; especially = be overthrown, of nations, armies, etc., Hosea 5:5 (with בַּעֲוֺנָם, compare Hosea 14:2

Qal), Jeremiah 6:15 "" נפל, compare Jeremiah 8:12 ("" id.), Daniel 11:19 ( + נפל), Daniel 11:33 (בְ instrumental), Daniel 11:34; Daniel 11:41.

2 be tottering, feeble, כָּשׁוֺל יִכָּשֵׁ֑לוּ Isaiah 40:30 (opposed to יַחֲלִיפוּ כֹחַ Isaiah 40:31); so participle 1 Samuel 2:4; Zechariah 12:8.

Pi`el only apparent, תְּכַשְּׁלִי Ezekiel 36:14, read תְּשַׁכְּלִי with Qr Vrss EV Sm Co Da (see also

Hiph`il near the end).

Hiph`il Perfect הִכְשִׁיל Lamentations 1:14 הִכְשַׁלְתֶּם Malachi 2:8; Imperfect3masculine singular suffix יַכְשִׁילְךָ2Chronicles 25:8; 2 feminine singular תַּכְשִׁלִי Ezekiel 36:15 (but strike out ᵐ5 Co; read תשׁכלי, as Ezekiel 36:14 other Vrss Sm Da); 3 masculine plural יַכְשִׁילוּ Proverbs 4:16 Qr (Kt see below

Qal), וַיַּכְשִׁילֻהוּ Paslm Prov 64:9, וַיַּכְשִׁלוּם Jeremiah 18:15 (so ᵑ7; Gie, after ᵐ5. ᵑ6, וַיִּכְשְׁלוּ, [< וַיִּכָּֽשִׁלוּ]); Infinitive construct הַכְשִׁיל2Chronicles 25:8, sf הַכְשִׁילוֺ2Chronicles 28:23; —

1 cause to stumble, figurative:

a. = bring injury or ruin to, abs Proverbs 4:16; of punishment Psalm 64:9 (indefinite subject; si vera lectio; text probably corrupt, see Che Bae).

b. = overthrow, of nation, army, etc., 2 Chronicles 25:8 (followed by לִפְנֵי אוֺיֵב) compare 2 Chronicles 25:8 (opposed to עזר); cause overthrow2Chronicles 28:23. — On Ezekiel 36:15 see above

c. morally, Jeremiah 18:15 (בְּ local), Malachi 2:8 (בְּ instrumental).

2 make feeble, weak, הִכְשִׁיל כֹּחִי Lamentations 1:14 (of God's dealing with Jerusalem)

Hoph`al only Participle והיו מֻכְשָׁלִים לְפָנֶיךָ Jeremiah 18:23 either and let them be ones who have stumbled before thee, i.e. regard them as such (Hi Gf VB), or and let them be ones overthrown before thee (Gie; so Qr according to Gf). So also in Ezekiel 21:20 according to Co, compare Sm Da (ᵑ0 מִכְשֹׁלִים, see מִכְשׁוֺל).

bereave, cast down, be decayed, cause to fail, make to fall down feeble, be the ruined

A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication, to falter, stumble, faint or fall -- bereave (from the margin), cast down, be decayed, (cause to) fail, (cause, make to) fall (down, -ing), feeble, be (the) ruin(-ed, of), (be) overthrown, (cause to) stumble, X utterly, be weak.

Top of Page
Top of Page

Bible Apps.com