katheph: shoulder, shoulder blade, sideOriginal Word: כָּתֵףPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
of uncertain derivationDefinition
shoulder, shoulder blade, sideNASB Translation
backs (1), flank (1), hands (1), next (1), shoulder (19), shoulders (7), side (26), sides (3), slope (4), slopes (1), supports (4).
Brown-Driver-Briggs כָּתֵף noun feminineExodus 27:15 shoulder, shoulder-blade, side
(Late Hebrew id.
; Aramaic כַּתְמָּא
); — absolute ׳כ Zechariah 7:11
+; construct כֶּתֶף 1 Kings 6:8
+, app. כָּתֵף Isaiah 11:14
(but regard as apposition, or read כֶּתֶף
); suffix כְּתֵפִי Job 31:22
; כְּתֵפָם 1 Chronicles 15:15
; plural absolute כְּתֵפֹת Exodus 28:7
+, כְּתֵפוֺת 1 Kings 7:30,34
; construct כִּתְפֹת Exodus 28:12
+, כִּתְפוֺת Ezekiel 41:2
+; dual suffix כִּתֵפָיו Deuteronomy 33:12
3t., כְּתֵפֶיהָ 1 Kings 7:34
1. a. of man, shoulder, shoulder-blade (while שְׁכֶם, q. v. = neck and shoulders), כְּידוֺן נְחשֶׁת בֵּין כְּתֵפָיו 1 Samuel 17:6; compare figurative of ׳י's dwelling between the shoulders of Benjamin Deuteronomy 33:12 (see Dr); כְּתֵפִי מִשִּׁכְמָה תִמּוֺל Job 31:22 my shoulder-blade, from the shoulder let it fall; as support for burdens Judges 16:3; Ezekiel 12:6,7,12; Isaiah 46:7; Isaiah 49:22 (in figurative), Exodus 28:12; Numbers 7:9 (both P), 1 Chronicles 15:15; 2Chronicles 35:3; compare מְרוּטָה ׳כָּלכֿ Ezekiel 29:18 every shoulder was rubbed bare (of Nebuchadnezzar's soldiers chafed by armour and toil); as aim of bird of prey Isaiah 11:14 (figurative); compare shoulder of Moab Ezekiel 25:9 (figurative, i.e. the side of M. exposed to invasion): Ezekiel 29:7b read probably כַּף (ᵐ5. ᵑ6 Sm Co, compare va).
b. of beasts, Isaiah 30:6 (carrying), Ezekiel 34:21 (thrusting, in figure), סֹרָ֑רֶת ׳כ Zechariah 7:11 a refractory shoulder (refusing the yoke, figurative), so Nehemiah 9:29; of choice meat Ezekiel 24:4 ("" יָרֵךְ).
c. = shoulder-pieces (always plural) of ephod Exodus 28:7,12,25,27 = Exodus 39:4; Exodus 39:7; Exodus 39:18; Exodus 39:20 (P).
2. a. slope side, of mountain, כֶּתֶף יָםכִּֿנֶּרֶת Numbers 34:11, i.e. the mountain-slopes northeast of the lake, compare Joshua 15:8,10,11; Joshua 18:12,13,16,18,19 (all P).
b. opposite side (s), that is, of door or entrance, of tabernacle-court Exodus 27:14,15 = Exodus 38:14,15 (all P), of temple 1 Kings 6:8; 1 Kings 7:39 (3 t. in verse) = 2Chronicles 4:10; 2 Kings 11:11 (twice in verse) = 2Chronicles 23:10 (twice in verse); compare Ezekiel 40:18,40 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 40:41,44 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 41:2,26; Ezekiel 46:19; Ezekiel 47:1,2.
3 supports of the bases for the lavers beside the temple 1 Kings 7:30 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 7:34 (twice in verse).
arm, corner, shoulderpiece, side
From an unused root meaning to clothe; the shoulder (proper, i.e. Upper end of the arm; as being the spot where the garments hang); figuratively, side-piece or lateral projection of anything -- arm, corner, shoulder(-piece), side, undersetter.