elil: insufficiency, worthlessnessOriginal Word: אֱלִילPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
of uncertain derivationDefinition
insufficiency, worthlessnessNASB Translation
futility (1), idols (16), images (1), worthless (2).
Brown-Driver-Briggs אֱלִיל noun masculine
(etymology uncertain: most probably akin to Syriac weak, feeble, poor
; perhaps also in usage [compare b
] felt to suggest אַל not
; compare Che on Isaiah 2:8
) insufficiency, worthlessness
a. Zechariah 11:17 רֹעִי הָאֱלִיל the shepherd of worthlessness = the worthless shepherd, Job 13:4 רֹפְאֵי אֱלִל worthless physicians ("" טֹפְלֵישֶֿׁקֶר), Jeremiah 14:14 Qr concrete a thing nought (uttered by prophets), but here קֶסֶם אֱלִיל a worthless divin. ("" חֲזוֺן שֶׁקֶר, תַּרְמִית לִבָּם) should perhaps be read (compare Gf).
b. especially plural אֱלִילִים concrete worthless gods, idols (compare הֲבָלִים) (possibly originally an independent word = gods, compare Sabean אלאלת, & see NöSBAk 1882, p. 1191, but even if so, associated by the prophets with idea of worthlessness, & used by them in iron. contrast with אֵלִים, אֱלֹהִים) Leviticus 19:4 (not to be made) Leviticus 26:1 (both H), Isaiah 2:8,18,20 (twice in verse) (of silver & gold), Isaiah 10:10 מַמְלְכוֺת הָאֱלִיל (collective) kingdoms of idolatrous worthlessness, Isaiah 10:11; Isaiah 19:1,3(of Egypt) Isaiah 31:7 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 30:13 (Egypt), Habakkuk 2:18 אִלְּמִים ׳א dumb idols, Psalm 96:5 ( = 1 Chronicles 16:26) all the gods of the nations are ׳א vain, worthless gods 1Chron 97:7.
II. אלל (√ assumed for following words).
idol, no value, thing of nothing
Apparently from 'al; good for nothing, by anal. Vain or vanity; specifically an idol -- idol, no value, thing of nought.
see HEBREW 'al