5310. naphats
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naphats: sunder
Original Word: נָפַץ
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: naphats
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-fats')
Short Definition: sunder

I. [נָפַץ] verb shatter (Late Hebrew id., dash, beat; Assyrian napâƒu, shatter, destroy DlHWB 475; ᵑ7 נְפַע Pa`el shatter, but also נְפַץ Pa`el, id., Syriac shake, break, so Mandean, NöM. 240, and ZMG xxxii (1878), 406); —

Qal Infinitive absolute וְנָפוֺץ with accusative Judges 7:19 and a shattering (= and shattered) the jars; Passive participle עֶצֶב נִבְזֶה נָפוּץ Jeremiah 22:28 (figurative) a vessel to be despised (and) shattered (compare Ew Gie RothstKau); also Participle active נֹפֵץ shatterer of the holy people Daniel 12:7 (Bev MartiKau, reading כִּכְלוֺת יַד נֹפֵץ).

Pi`el dash to pieces: Perfect3masculine singular וְנִמֵּץ consecutive Psalm 137:9 with accusative infants ag. (אֶל) rock; 1 singular וְנִמַּצְתִּ֫י of ׳י dashing all in pieces with (ב) Babylon as war-club Jeremiah 51:20,21 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 51:22 (3 t. in verse); Jeremiah 51:23 (3 t. in verse); suffix וְנִמַּצְתִּים אִישׁ אֶלאָֿחִיו Jeremiah 13:14; Imperfect2masculine singular suffix כִּכְלִי יוֺצֵר תְּנַמְּצֵם Psalm 2:9 (i.e. nations); 3 masculine plural נִבְלֵיהֶם יְנַמֵּ֑צוּ Jeremiah 48:12 (symbolic of destroying Moab); Infinitive נַמֵּץ יַדעַֿםקֹֿדֶשׁ Daniel 12:7 when (they) finish shattering the hand (figurative for power) of the holy people, but read possibly נֹפֵץ, see

Qal; ** = break up rafts 1 Kings 5:23.

Pu`al Participle feminine plural מְנֻמָּצוֺת Isaiah 27:9 like chalk-stones pulverized.

II. נָפַץ verb disperse, be scattered (often taken as secondary √ from Niph`al of פוץ, yet compare Late Hebrew נפץ, Qal (Participle), Pi`el, scatter; Syriac pour out, throw down, ᵑ7 נְפַץ; Arabic shake (irregular correspondence of sibilants compare Nöl.c.), Ethiopic dissipari, aufugere Di 713); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular הָעָם מֵעָלַי ׳נ 1 Samuel 13:11 the people were scattered from me; 3 feminine singular נָָֽפְצָה כָלהָֿאָרֶץ Genesis 9:19 (J) thence dispersed all (the population of) the earth; 3 plural נָָֽמְצוּ גּוֺיִם Isaiah 33:3 nations were scattered; Passive participle feminine plural construct נְפֻצוֺת יְהוּדָה Isaiah 11:12 the dispersed of Judah he shall collect ("" נִדְחֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל).

נפשׁ (√ of following; compare Arabic soul, life, person, living being, blood, desire, breath, sweet odour, be high in estimation, become avaricious; III. desire a thing, aspire to it, see breathe, sigh. Assyrian napâšu, get breath, be broad, extended; napištu, life, less frequently soul, living being, person. Vbs. apparently denominative; nouns in all Semitic languages: Phoenician נפש, CISi. 86 B 5, Ethiopic ; in the following = both soul, person, and tombstone, monument (as representing person, see especially DuvalRev. Sémit. ii (1894), 259 ff.): Late Hebrew נפשׁ see LevyZMG xii (1858), 215; Old Aramaic נפש, Nabataean, Palmyrene נפש, see Lzb325 Cook82; Syriac , see 1 Macc 13:27; 13:28; Sabean נפס Levy-OsZMG xix (1865), 255. 290 Mordtmib, xxxii (1878), 202 compare Lihyan., DHMEpigr. Denkm. 67, Min. HomSüdarab. Chrest. 128).

be beaten in sunder, break in pieces, broken, dash in pieces, dispersed, be overspread, scatter

A primitive root; to dash to pieces, or scatter -- be beaten in sunder, break (in pieces), broken, dash (in pieces), cause to be discharged, dispersed, be overspread, scatter.

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