5362. naqaph
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naqaph: about
Original Word: נָקַף
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: naqaph
Phonetic Spelling: (naw-kaf')
Short Definition: about

I. [נָקַף] verb strike off (Late Hebrew strike, wound, Aramaic נְקַף id.; Arabic fregit caput, ut cerebrum appareret; Vulgar Arabic snap with the finger (Dozyii. 716); Assyrian na‡pu probably= mutilated; Ethiopic peel, flay Di649); —

Niph`al Perfect3masculine singular וְנִקַּף סִבְכֵי הַיַּ֫עַר consecutive Isaiah 10:34 and the thickets of the forest shall be struck away (on singular verb compare Ges§ 145o DaSynt. § 113 b; or. read נִקְּפוּ; — form possibly Pi`el, but compare Di Du CheHpt).

Pi`el Perfect3plural וְאַחַר עוֺרִי נִקְּפוּזֹֿאת Job 19:25 after my skin, which they (Ges§ 144g) have struck off (alluding to ravages of his disease) — this! but text dubious; Bu כָּזאֹת נִקַּף

Niph`al which has been thus struck off.

II. [נָקַף verb] go around (intransitive), (Ecclus 45:9 Hiph`il ויקיפהו surround something with (2 accusative); Perfect 3 feminine singular הקיפה 43:12 (accusative+ ב instrumental); Late Hebrew Hiph`il הִקִּיף = Biblical Hebrew; also = cling to, be attached, joined to, and so Aramaic אַקֵּיף (Aph`el), );

Qal Imperfect חַגִּים יִנְקֹ֑פוּ Isaiah 29:1 (figurative) let feasts go around, i.e. run the round (of the year).

Hiph`il Perfect הִקִּיף Job 19:6; 3feminine singular הִקִּ֫יפָהִ Isaiah 15:8; 3plural הִקִּ֫יפוּ Job 1:5; Psalm 88:18, וְהִקִּיפוּ consecutive 2 Chronicles 23:7, suffix הִקִּיפוּנִי Psalm 22:17; 2masculine plural וְהִקַּפְתֶּם consecutive 2 Kings 11:8; Imperfect וַיַּקַּף Lamentations 3:5; 3masculine plural יַקִּ֫יפוּ Psalm 17:9, וַיַּקִּ֫פוּ 2 Kings 6:14; 2masculine plural תַּקִּ֫פוּ Leviticus 19:27; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַקִּיפ֫וּהָ Psalm 48:13; Infinitive absolute הַקֵּיף Joshua 6:3, הַקֵּף Joshua 6:11; Participle plural מַקִּ(י)פִים 1 Kings 7:24; 2Chronicles 4:3; —

1 go around, surround, encompass:

a. go around, with accusative of city, Joshua 6:3 compare Joshua 6:11 (accusative omitted), Psalm 48:13 (all "" סָבָב); also (figurative) הִקִּ֫יפָה הַזְּעָקָה אֶתֿ Isaiah 15:8 the cry hath gone about the border of Moab.

b. surround, encompass, enclose, usually with ׃עַלֿ וַיַּקִּ֫פוּ עַלהָֿעִיר 2 Kings 6:14 and they closed in upon the city (beleaguered it); with עַל person 2 Kings 11:8 (+ סָבִיב), Psalm 17:9; Psalm 88:18 ("" סָבַב), + accusative of thing Job 19:6 he hath closed his net in upon me compare Lamentations 3:5; less often with accusative of person Psalm 22:17 ("" סָבַב), 2 Chronicles 23:7 ("" 2 Kings 11:8; + סָבִיב), also of inanimate things 1 Kings 7:24 2Chronicles 4:3 (both + סָבִיב, "" סָבַב).

2 make the round, i.e. complete the circuit יְמֵי הַמִּשְׁתֶּה ׳הִקּ Job 1:5 when the days of feasting had completed their circuit.

3 make round, round off (literally): מְּאַת ראֹשְׁכֶם ׳לֹא חַקּ Leviticus 19:27 ("" לֹא תַשְׁחִית אֵת מְּאַת זְקָנֶ֑ךָ), of heathen rite.

קוף (√of following; apparently = II. נקף, go around).

compass about cut down, destroy, go round about, enclose, round

A primitive root; to strike with more or less violence (beat, fell, corrode); by implication (of attack) to knock together, i.e. Surround or circulate -- compass (about, -ing), cut down, destroy, go round (about), inclose, round.

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