6105. atsam
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atsam: bones
Original Word: עָצַם
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: atsam
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-tsam')
Short Definition: bones

I. [עָצֹם, compare LagBN 31], עָצַם

verb be vast, mighty, numerous (Late Hebrew Nithp. contend strenuously, and in derivatives; Phoenician in עצמת mighty deeds, עצמם bones; Arabic be great in bone, or anything, , bones; Ethiopic : id.; Aramaic עִטְמָא, thigh): —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular וְעָצַם consecutive Daniel 8:24; Daniel 11:23; 2masculine singular עָצַמְתָּ Genesis 26:16; 3plural עָֽצְמוּ Isaiah 31:1 +, עָצֵ֑מוּ Psalm 38:20; Imperfect3masculine plural וַיַּעַצְמוּ Exodus 1:7,20; Infinitive construct עָצְמַת Isaiah 47:9; suffix עָצְמוֺ Daniel 8:8; —

1 be mighty, Genesis 26:16 (J; with מִן compare), Daniel 8:8,24; Daniel 11:23.

2 be numerous, "" דַבּוּ etc., Isaiah 31:1, בְּעָצְמַת חֲבָרַיִח מְאֹד Isaiah 47:9, Jeremiah 5:6; Jeremiah 30:14,15; Exodus 1:7 (P), Exodus 1:20 (J), Psalm 38:20; Psalm 69:5; with מִן compare Jeremiah 15:8; Psalm 40:6; Psalm 40:13; alone Psalm 139:17.

Hiph`il make strong, Imperfect3masculine singular: suffix וַיַּעֲצִימֵחוּ Psalm 105:24 + מִן compare

II. [עָצַם] verb shut the eyes (Late Hebrew Hiph`il; possibly connection with Syriac = id., Arabic , IV (on = see NöZMG xxxii (1878), 406); Late Hebrew עִמֵּץ close eyes of dead; compare BaES 5f.); —

Qal Participle וְעֹצֵם עֵינָיו מִן Isaiah 33:15 shutteth his eyes from seeing

Pi`el Imperfect3masculine singular וַיְעַצֵּם אֶתעֵֿינֵיכֶם Isaiah 29:10 he hath tightly shut your eyes (compare I. עצה).

break the bones, close, be great, be increased, be more, shut, become,

A primitive root; to bind fast, i.e. Close (the eyes); intransitively, to be (causatively, make) powerful or numerous; denominatively (from etsem) to crunch the bones -- break the bones, close, be great, be increased, be (wax) mighty(-ier), be more, shut, be(-come, make) strong(-er).

see HEBREW etsem

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