arab: to take on pledge, give in pledge, exchangeOriginal Word: עָרַבPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
to take on pledge, give in pledge, exchangeNASB Translation
associate (2), became surety (1), become guarantors (1), become surety (1), becomes (1), becomes surety (2), dare to risk (1), deal (1), dealers (1), guarantor (1), intermingled (1), make a bargain (2), mingled (1), mortgaging (1), security (1), share (1), surety (2).
II. עָרַב verb take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange
(Late Hebrew go surety for
(rare); Phoenician ערב surety
; Old Aramaic ערבא pledge
; ᵑ7 עֲרַב
, go surety for
; usually identified with I. ערב
— mix, exchange, pledge
— but quite uncertain; compare BuhlLex
Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳ע Genesis 44:32 4t.; 2 masculine singular עָרַבְתָּ Proverbs 6:1; Imperfect1singular suffix אֶעֶרְבֶנּוּ Genesis 43:9; Imperative עֲרֹב Psalm 119:122, suffix עָרְבֵנִי Isaiah 38:14, so Job 17:3 (but see below); Infinitive construct לַעֲרֹב Ezekiel 27:9; Participle עֹרֵב Proverbs 17:18, etc.; —
1 with accusative of person taken on pledge, i.e. go surety for the safety of, Genesis 43:9 (J), Genesis 44:32 (J; + מֵעִם person); for the debts of Proverbs 11:15; Proverbs 20:16; Proverbs 27:13; of God Isaiah 38:14 go surety for me, Psalm 119:122, so Job 17:3 (si vera lectio, see עֵרָבוֺן); accusative of person omitted, לְ ׳ע Proverbs 6:1 go surety to one (in behalf of another, "" תָּקַע לַזָּר כַּמֶּ֑יךָ); with accusative of thing Proverbs 22:26 ("" תֹּקְעֵיכָֿ֑ף).
2 give in pledge, with accusative of thing Nehemiah 5:3 (i.e. mortagage), figurative אֶתלִֿבּוֺ ׳ע Jeremiah 30:21 so עֲרֻבָּה לִפְנֵי רֵעֵהוּ ׳ע Proverbs 17:18 ("" תֹּקֵעַ כָּ֑ף).
3 exchange (in trade), with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מָעֲרָבֵךְ Ezekiel 27:9,27.
Hithpa`el 1. reciprocal: Imperative הִתְעָ֫רֶב נָא אֶתאֲֿדֹנִי 2 Kings 18:23 exchange pledges (make a bargain) with my lord = Isaiah 36:8.
2. a. have fellowship with, בְּ person, Perfect3plural הִתְעָֽרְבוּ Ezra 9:2; Imperfect3masculine plural וַיִּתְעָֽרְבוּ Psalm 106:35; 2masculine singular תִּתְעָרָ֑ב with לְ person Proverbs 20:19, with עִם person Proverbs 24:21.
b. share in, בְּ of thing, 3 masculine singular יִתְעָרַב Proverbs 14:10 in his joy no other shares..
engage, intermeddle with, mingle self, mortgage, occupy, give pledges,
A primitive root; to braid, i.e. Intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange) -- engage, (inter-)meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.