6453. pesach
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pesach: passover
Original Word: פָּ֫סַח
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: pesach
Phonetic Spelling: (peh'-sakh)
Short Definition: Passover

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from pasach
NASB Translation
Passover (46), Passover offerings (3).

מֶּ֫סַח noun masculine passover (usually (Thes and most) from I. פסח, with reference to Exodus 12:13 etc.; ReussGeschichte. AT § 58 passing over into new year; SchaeferPassah-Mazzoth (1900), 346 compare Assyrian pašâ—u, soothe, placate [deity], < be soothed, Pi`el transitive, JenZA iv (1889), 275 ZimBabylonian Rel. i (1896). Glossary; ii (1899), 92; SchwIdiot, 124 from II. פסח, of sacred dance); — absolute ׳פ Exodus 12:11 +; מָּ֑סַח Exodus 12:21 +; plural מְּסָחִים2Chronicles 30:17 3t.; —

1 sacrifice of Passover, involving communion-meal, hence a species of peace-offering (compare I. זֶבַח II. 2), ׳הוא לי ׳זֶבַח פ Exodus 12:27 (J), compare Exodus 12:11 (P); ׳זָבַח פ Deuteronomy 16:2,5,6; ׳אבל הפ2Chronicles 30:18; the special feature lay in the application of blood to homes to consecrate them: compare simile Babylonian rite of purification Zimib. ii. 126-7.

2 the animal victim of the passover: ׳שׁחט פ Exodus 12:21 (J) 2 Chron 30:15; 35:1; 35:6; 35:11; Ezra 6:20, compare 2Chronicles 30:17; באשׁ ׳בשׁל הפ2Chronicles 35:13; לפסחים2Chronicles 35:7,8,9. [Passover animals (compare BrHex.206) were צאֹן flock Exodus 12:21 (J), שֶׁה Exodus 12:3; Exodus 12:4; Exodus 12:5, including כֶּבֶשׁ and עֵז Exodus 12:5 (P); צאן ובקר Deuteronomy 16:2; large numbers of all these (שֶׂה not used) in Josiah's Passover, active to 2Chronicles 35:7,8,9, but evident mingling of whole burnt-offerings for the passover with special passover victim.]

3 festival of the passover : ׳חג הפ Exodus 34:25 (J); ׳(ה)פ Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 28:16; Numbers 33:3; Joshua 5:11 (P) Ezekiel 45:21; ׳חֻקַּת הפ Exodus 12:43; Numbers 9:12,14 (P); ׳עשׂה פ Exodus 12:48; Numbers 9:2,4,5,6,10,13,14; Joshua 5:10 (P) Deuteronomy 16:1; 2 Kings 23:21,22,23; 2Chronicles 30:1,2,5; 35:1,16,17,18 (twice in verse); 2Chronicles 35:19; Ezra 6:19; it was held in month הָאָבִיב Deuteronomy 16:1, בָּעָ֑רֶב Deuteronomy 16:6; on 14th day Joshua 5:10 (P), of 1st month Ezekiel 45:21; בֵּין הערבים (Exodus 12:6) Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:5 (P); if impossible at that time, then on 14th of 2nd month Numbers 9:10,12. [No reference to מֶּסַח in E; J subordinates it to מַצּוֺת (the great feast of J E); in D it predominates over מצות; P makes it first in importance (BrHex.195f.)].]

passover offering

From pacach; a pretermission, i.e. Exemption; used only techically of the Jewish Passover (the festival or the victim) -- passover (offering).

see HEBREW pacach

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