713. argaman
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argaman: purple, red-purple
Original Word: אַרְגָּמָן
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: argaman
Phonetic Spelling: (ar-gaw-mawn')
Short Definition: purple

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
purple, red-purple
NASB Translation
purple (36), purple fabric (1), purple threads (1).

אַרְגָּמָן noun [masculine] purple, red-purple, i.e. purple thread & cloth (Assyrian argamannu COT Exodus 25:4, Arabic , Aramaic , compare אַרְגְּוָן above; etymology dubious; possibly Sanskrit râgaman, adjective red, reddish, from râga, red colour, so Benary compare Thes Add111 Rob-Ges; see MV; Thes earlier, from רגם; but probably loan-word, compare also LagBN 205; Persian is also cited by PS) — form always as above —

1 purple thread, compare especially Exodus 35:25; Exodus 39:3; Esther 1:6;

a. mostly Exodus (P) with reference to the hangings of tabernacle, the ephod, etc.; seldom alone; with תְּכֵלֶת, violet (q. v.), תּוֺלַעַת שָׁנִי, (מָשְׁזָב) שֵׁשׁ, (also עִזִּים) Exodus 25:4; Exodus 26:1,31,36; Exodus 27:16; Exodus 35:8,25,35; Exodus 36:8,35,37; Exodus 38:18,23; Exodus 39:24 (on text see Di) Exodus 39:29; with these + זָהָב Exodus 28:5,6,8,15; Exodus 39:2; Exodus 39:3; Exodus 39:5; Exodus 39:8; omitted ׳שֵׁשׁ מ Exodus 28:33; Exodus 39:1; also of temple-hangings, with תְּכֵלֶת, בּוּץ & כַּרְמִיל2Chronicles 3:14; compare 2 Chron 2:13 (see also 2 Chronicles 2:6 see below אַרְגְּוָן).

b. as indicating wealth & luxury of Tyre, c. שֵׁשׁ, רִקְמָה, תְּכֵלֶת Ezekiel 27:7; with רִקְמָה & בּוּץ Ezekiel 27:16 (as articles of commerce); also in Persia, with בּוּץ Esther 1:6.

2 purple cloth, chiefly of garments, ׳בֶּגֶד א Numbers 4:13; Judges 8:26; ׳וְתַכְרִיךְ בּוּץ וְא Esther 8:15, לְבוּשָׁהּ ׳שֵׁשׁ וְא Proverbs 31:22; לְבוּשָׁם ׳תְּכֵלָת וְא Jeremiah 10:9; also ׳מֶרְכָּבוֺ א Cant 3:10; in simile, of woman's hair Cant 7:6.


Of foreign origin; purple (the color or the dyed stuff) -- purple.

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