Brown-Driver-Briggs אַרְגָּמָן noun [masculine] purple, red-purple, i.e. purple thread & cloth
COT Exodus 25:4
, compare אַרְגְּוָן
above; etymology dubious; possibly Sanskrit râgaman
, adjective red, reddish
, from râga
, red colour, so Benary compare Thes Add111
Rob-Ges; see MV; Thes earlier, from רגם
; but probably loan-word, compare also LagBN 205
is also cited by PS) — form always as above —
1 purple thread, compare especially Exodus 35:25; Exodus 39:3; Esther 1:6;
a. mostly Exodus (P) with reference to the hangings of tabernacle, the ephod, etc.; seldom alone; with תְּכֵלֶת, violet (q. v.), תּוֺלַעַת שָׁנִי, (מָשְׁזָב) שֵׁשׁ, (also עִזִּים) Exodus 25:4; Exodus 26:1,31,36; Exodus 27:16; Exodus 35:8,25,35; Exodus 36:8,35,37; Exodus 38:18,23; Exodus 39:24 (on text see Di) Exodus 39:29; with these + זָהָב Exodus 28:5,6,8,15; Exodus 39:2; Exodus 39:3; Exodus 39:5; Exodus 39:8; omitted ׳שֵׁשׁ מ Exodus 28:33; Exodus 39:1; also of temple-hangings, with תְּכֵלֶת, בּוּץ & כַּרְמִיל2Chronicles 3:14; compare 2 Chron 2:13 (see also 2 Chronicles 2:6 see below אַרְגְּוָן).
b. as indicating wealth & luxury of Tyre, c. שֵׁשׁ, רִקְמָה, תְּכֵלֶת Ezekiel 27:7; with רִקְמָה & בּוּץ Ezekiel 27:16 (as articles of commerce); also in Persia, with בּוּץ Esther 1:6.
2 purple cloth, chiefly of garments, ׳בֶּגֶד א Numbers 4:13; Judges 8:26; ׳וְתַכְרִיךְ בּוּץ וְא Esther 8:15, לְבוּשָׁהּ ׳שֵׁשׁ וְא Proverbs 31:22; לְבוּשָׁם ׳תְּכֵלָת וְא Jeremiah 10:9; also ׳מֶרְכָּבוֺ א Cant 3:10; in simile, of woman's hair Cant 7:6.