224. Urim
Lexical Summary
Urim: part of the high priest's breastplate
Original Word: אוּרִים
Transliteration: Urim
Phonetic Spelling: (oo-reem')
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Short Definition: part of the high priest's breastplate
Meaning: part of the high priest's breastplate
Strong's Concordance

Plur of 'uwr; lights; Urim, the oracular brilliancy of the figures in the high-priest's breastplate -- Urim.

see HEBREW 'uwr


H224. Urim

אֻרִיםnoun [masculine] plural region of light, East Isaiah 24:15 (so Ges MV Ew De Di RV; Lo Hi Kn Che read איים‎ = coasts, so Cdd. ᵐ5‎; — ᵐ5‎ mostly omit ᵑ9in doctrina, thinking of Urim, see BrMP 297).

אוּרִיםnoun masculine Urim (plural intensive, mostly with article the Urim, and mostly joined with תֻּמִּים‎ q. v.) הֲסִידֶךָ לְאִישׁ וְאוּרֶיךָ תֻּמֶּיךָDeuteronomy 33:8 thy Thummim and thy Urim has the man of thy favour, i.e. the Levite tested at Massah & Meribah; וְהִתֻּמִּים הָאוּרִים‎ were put into the הִמִּשְׁמָּט חשֶׁן‎ of the high priest Exodus 28:30; Leviticus 8:8 (P); this חשֶׁן‎ (q. v.) was a little bag or pouch worn on breast of high, priest, to hold the Urim & Thummim; the name ׳ח הַמִּשְׁמָּט‎ was given because of decisions made by that which was within it; thus, Eleazar was to inquire of ׳י‎ for Joshua הָאוּרִים בְּמִשְׁמַּטNumbers 27:21 (P); Saul prayed אוּרִים הָבָה‎ opposed to תֻּמִּים הבה‎, 1 Samuel 14:41 ᵐ5‎, so We Dr (ᵑ0‎ omits former, and reads תָּמִים‎ in latter); ׳י‎ did not answer Saul בָּאוּרִים‎ or by dreams or prophets 28:6; post-exilic Jews reserved difficult questions until there stood up a priest וּלְתֻמִּים לְאוּרִיםEzra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65 (here alone without article) These passages give little information; ᵐ5δήλωσις καὶ ἀλήθεια, ᵑ9doctrina et veritas, Symm φωτισμοὶ καὶ τελεώτητες; JosAnt. iii. 8. 9 thinks of the twelve gems of face of bag as giving decision by shining; PhiloVit. Mos. iii thinks of two small images (׳א‎ & ׳ת‎), probably embroidered in the cloth of the bag, like oracle-images of Egypt (Diod1, 48, 75 AelianVar. Hist.14, 34); EwGeschichte iii, 309; Antiq. 295, of two stones of different colours for sacred lot, on this see Dr 1 Samuel 14:41 where אוּרִים ᵐ5‎ & תֻּמִּים‎ as object of give, δος = הָבָה‎; compare הִמִּילוּ14:42, וַיִלָּכֵד14:41 (used of taking by lot 10:20; Isaiah 7:14, 16); see also We & RSOTJC Lect x. N 4; BährSymbolik, of one thing within bag, a sacred pledge to high priest of the enlightenment & perfection he would receive from ׳י‎ when called to make sacred decisions; KaEx 544 sees the sacred pledge in the twelve sacred gems themselves, that stimulate priest to self-sacrifice & perfect sanctification.


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