International Standard Bible EncyclopediaAFTER; AFTERWARD
aft'-er, aft'-er-werd: The fundamental thought, in which all shades of meaning unite, is that of succession either in time or place. This succession may be immediate or remote. A very common adaptation of this conception the use of "after" to denote "according to," "after the manner of," or "in the order of," as in Genesis 1:26 Ephesians 4:24 Luke 1:59 Romans 5:14 Hebrews 4:11 (the Revised Version, margin "unto"), and in many passages where the Greek uses the preposition kata, as Matthew 23:3 Romans 8:4 1 Corinthians 1:26, etc. "In proportion to": Psalm 28:4; compare Psalm 90:15.
It sometimes correctly translates a peculiar Greek idiom of the preposition dia, with the genitive case, indicating time elapsed, as Mark 2:1, literally, "through some days," "after some days had passed"; compare Acts 24:17. While the Greek is expressed by a variety of words, the Hebrew uses 'achar for both preposition and adverb.
H. E. Jacobs
MORROW AFTER THE SABBATH
(mochorath, or mochoratham, "the morrow," or "tomorrow," "the day following"; mochorath ha-shabbath, "the day after the Sabbath," i.e. the first day of the week): The first day of the week was designated for the formal offering of the first-fruits in the form of wave-sheaves (Leviticus 23:11), and of the wave-loaves 50 days later (Leviticus 23:16, 17). This recognition of an after-Sabbath during festive periods has its counterpart in the later ecclesiastical practice of celebrating not only Easter Sunday, but also Easter Monday, etc., and undoubtedly was a factor in establishing the custom which transferred the sanctity of the Sabbath to the first day of the week after the resurrection of our Lord.
Frank E. Hirsch
SABBATH, SECOND AFTER THE FIRST
(sabbaton deuteroproton (Luke 6:1), literally, "the second-first sabbath," of the Revised Version margin): We will mention only a few of the explanations elicited by this expression.
(1) It was the first Sabbath in the second year of a 7-year cycle comprising the period from one Sabbatic year to the other;
(2) the first Sabbath after the second day of Passover, i.e. the first of the seven Sabbaths the Hebrews were to "count unto" themselves from "the morrow after the sabbath" (the day after Easter) until Pentecost (Leviticus 23:15);
(3) the first Sabbath in the Jewish ecclesiastical year (about the middle of March), the first Sabbath in the civil year (about the middle of September) being counted as the "first-first" Sabbath;
(4) the term deuteroprotos, is a monstrous combination of the words deuteros, "second," and protos, "first," attributable to unskillful attempts at textual emendation on the part of copyists. This supposition would, of course, render unnecessary all other efforts to unravel the knotty problem, and, as a matter of fact, deuteroprotos is omitted by many manuscripts (including Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus). To those not feeling inclined to accept this solution we would suggest the first of the above-named explanations as the most natural and probable one.
SABBATH, MORROW AFTER THE
See MORROW AFTER THE SABBATH.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
) Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life.
2. (a.) Hinder; nearer the rear.
3. (v.) To ward the stern of the ship; -- applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway.
4. (prep.) Behind in place; as, men in line one after another.
5. (prep.) Below in rank; next to in order.
6. (prep.) Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and the clause.
7. (prep.) Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said, I shall be careful.
8. (prep.) Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you took that course.
9. (prep.) Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of.
10. (prep.) Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness.
11. (prep.) In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes after his father.
12. (prep.) According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of; as, he acted after his kind.
13. (prep.) According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting.
14. (adv.) Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after.
Strong's Hebrew311. achar -- after...
achar. 312 >>. after
. Transliteration: achar Phonetic Spelling: (akh-ar') Short
Definition: future. ...
(Aramaic) corresponding to 'achar; after
. ... /hebrew/311.htm - 6k
314. acharon -- coming after or behind
... << 313, 314. acharon. 315 >>. coming after or behind. Transliteration: acharon
Phonetic Spelling: (akh-ar-one') Short Definition: last. ...
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3954. leqesh -- the after-growth, spring crop
... the after-growth, spring crop. Transliteration: leqesh Phonetic Spelling:
(leh'-kesh) Short Definition: crop. ... From laqash; the after crop -- latter growth. ...
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3443. Yeshua -- a high priest after the Bab. captivity
... << 3442, 3443. Yeshua. 3444 >>. a high priest after the Bab. ... Word Origin (Aramaic)
corresponding to Yeshua and Yehoshua Definition a high priest after the Bab. ...
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319. acharith -- the after-part, end
... << 318b, 319. acharith. 320 >>. the after-part, end. Transliteration: acharith
Phonetic Spelling: (akh-ar-eeth') Short Definition: end. ...
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5303. Nephilim -- "giants," name of two peoples, one before the ...
Nephilim or Nephilim. << 5302, 5303. Nephilim or Nephilim. 5304 >>. "giants," name
of two peoples, one before the flood and one after the flood. Transliteration ...
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7602a. shaaph -- to gasp, pant, pant after, long for
... << 7602, 7602a. shaaph. 7602b >>. to gasp, pant, pant after, long for.
Transliteration: shaaph Short Definition: pant. Word Origin a prim. ...
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7602. sha'aph -- to gasp, pant, pant after, long for
sha'aph. << 7601, 7602. sha'aph. 7602a >>. to gasp, pant, pant after, long for.
Transliteration: sha'aph Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-af') Short Definition: pant. ...
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310. achar -- the hind or following part
... << 309, 310. achar. 311 >>. the hind or following part. Transliteration:
achar Phonetic Spelling: (akh-ar') Short Definition: after. ...
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870. athar -- a place
... << 869, 870. athar. 871 >>. a place. Transliteration: athar Phonetic Spelling:
(ath-ar') Short Definition: after. Word Origin (Aramaic) a prim. ... after, place. ...
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