thumos: passionOriginal Word: θυμός, οῦ, ὁPart of Speech:
an outburst of passion, wrathDefinition:
an outburst of passion, wrath.
2372 thymós (from thyō, "rush along, getting heated up, breathing violently," cf. J. Thayer) – properly, passion-driven behavior, i.e. actions emerging out of strong impulses (intense emotion).
When 2372 /thymós ("expressed passion") is used of people it indicates rage (personal venting of anger, worth). This flaw is completely absent of the Lord expressing (inspiring) intense anger. Accordingly, 2372 (thymós) is used of God's perfect, holy wrath in Revelation (Rev 14:10,19,15:1, etc.). This anger is directed against sin with intense opposition and without sin.
[Only the Lord exercises righteous wrath, so we must depend solely on Him as we experience (express) anger.]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
from the same as thuellaDefinition
angry tempers (1), fierce (2), indignation (1), outbursts of anger (1), passion (2), rage (2), wrath (9).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 2372: θυμόςθυμός
to rush along or on, be in a heat, breathe violently; hence, Plato
correctly says, Cratyl., p. 419 e., θυμός ἀπό τῆς θυσεως καί ζεσεως τῆς ψυχῆς
; accordingly it signifies both the spirit
panting as it were in the body, and the rage
with which the man pants and swells) (from Homer
down), the Sept.
often for אַף
anger, and חֵמָהexcandescentia
; also for חָרוןaestus
. In the N. T.:
1. passion, angry heat (excandescentia, Cicero, Tusc. 4, 9, 21), anger forthwith boiling up and soon subsiding again (ὀργή, on the other hand, denotes indignation which has arisen gradually and become more settled; (cf. (Plato) deff. 415 e. θυμός. ὁρμή βίαιος ἄνευ λογισμοῦ. νόσος τάξεως ψυχῆς ἀλογιστου. ὀργή. παράκλησις τοῦ θυμικου εἰς τό τιμωρεῖσθαι, Gregory of Nazianzus, carm. 34 θυμός μέν ἐστιν ἀθρως ζεσις φρενος, ὀργή δέ θυμός ἐμμένων, Hermas, mand. 5, 2, 4 [ET] ἐκ δέ τῆς πικρίας θυμός, ἐκ δέ τοῦ θυμοῦ ὀργή; cf. Aristotle, rhet. 2, 2, 1 and Cope's note); hence, we read in Sir. 48:10 κοπάσαι ὀργήν πρό θυμοῦ, before it glows and bursts forth; (see further, on the distinction between the two words, Trench, § xxxvii., and especially Schmidt vol. iii., chapter 142)): Luke 4:28; Acts 19:28; Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8; Hebrews 11:27; ὁ θυμοῦ τοῦ Θεοῦ, Revelation 14:19; Revelation 15:1, 7; Revelation 16:1; ἔχειν θυμόν, to be in a passion, Revelation 12:12 (Aelian v. h. 1, 14); ὀργή καί θυμός (as the Sept. Micah 5:15; Isocrates, p. 249 c.; Herodian, 8, 4, 1; others): Romans 2:8 (Rec. in the inverse order; so Deuteronomy 9:19; Deuteronomy 29:23, 28 (cf. Trench, as above)); plural θυμοί impulses and outbursts of anger (Winers Grammar, 176 (166); Buttmann, 77 (67)): 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20 (2 Macc. 4:25, 38 2Macc. 9:7 2Macc. 10:35 2Macc. 14:45; 4 Macc. 18:20; Wis. 10:3; Sophocles Aj. 718 (where see Lob.); Plato, Protag., p. 323 e.; (Phileb., p. 40 e.; Aristotle, rhet. 2, 13, 13); Polybius 3, 10, 5; Diodorus 13, 28; Josephus, b. j. 4, 5, 2; Plutarch, Cor. 1; others).
2. glow, ardor: ὁ οἶνος τοῦ θυμοῦ (see οἶνος, b.) the wine of passion, inflaming wine, German Glutwein (which either drives the drinker mad or kills him with its deadly heat; cf. Isaiah 51:17, 22; Jeremiah 32:1<10> (ff): Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:3; with τοῦ Θεοῦ added, which God gives the drinker, Revelation 14:10; with τῆς ὀργῆς τοῦ Θεοῦ added (A. V. fierceness), Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15; cf. Ewald, Johann. Schriften, Bd. ii., p. 269 note.<1>
fierceness, indignation, wrath.
From thuo; passion (as if breathing hard) -- fierceness, indignation, wrath. Compare psuche.
see GREEK thuo
see GREEK psuche