miseó: to hateOriginal Word: μισέωPart of Speech:
I hate, detestDefinition:
I hate, detest, love less, esteem less.
3404 miséō – properly, to detest (on a comparative basis); hence, denounce; to love someone or something less than someone (something) else, i.e. to renounce one choice in favor of another.
Lk 14:26: "If anyone comes to Me, and does not hate (3404 /miséō, 'love less' than the Lord) his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, yes, and even his own life, he cannot be My disciple" (NASU).
[Note the comparative meaning of 3404 (miséō) which centers in moral choice, elevating one value over another.]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
from misos (hatred)Definition
to hateNASB Translation
hate (13), hated (12), hateful (1), hates (12), hating (2).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 3404: μισέωμισέω
; imperfect ἐμίσουν
; future μισήσω
; 1 aorist ἐμίσησα
; perfect μεμίσηκα
; passive, present participle μισουμενος
; perfect participle μεμισημενος
); the Sept.
; (from Homer
down); to hate, pursue with hatred, detest
; passive to be hated, detested
, Matthew 5:43
in ; ; Luke 1:71; Luke 6:22, 27; Luke 19:14; John 7:7; John 15:18ff, ; ; Titus 3:3; 1 John 2:9 (); ; Revelation 17:16; passive, Matthew 10:22; Matthew 24:9; (Mark 13:13); Luke 21:17; τί: John 3:20; Revelation 7:15; Ephesians 5:29; Hebrews 1:9; Jude 1:23; Revelation 2:6 and Rec. in 15; passive Revelation 18:2. Not a few interpreters have attributed to μισεῖν in Genesis 29:31 (cf. Genesis 29:30); Deuteronomy 21:15; Matthew 6:24; Luke 14:26; Luke 16:13; (John 12:25); Romans 9:13, the signification to love less, to postpone in love or esteem, to slight, through oversight of the circumstance that 'the Orientals, in accordance with their greater excitability, are accustomed both to feel and to profess love and hate where we Occidentals, with our cooler temperament, feel and express nothing more than interest in, or disregard and indifference to a thing'; Fritzsche, Commentary on Romans, ii., p. 304; cf. Rückert, Magazin f. Exegese u. Theologie des N. T., p. 27ff<1>
From a primary misos (hatred); to detest (especially to persecute); by extension, to love less -- hate(-ful).