2470. chalah
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chalah: beseech
Original Word: חָלָה
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chalah
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-law')
Short Definition: beseech

I. חָלָה verb be weak, sick (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲלָא suffer (rare); Assyrian —alû, sickness, grief, DlPr 181) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח 1 Kings 14:1 8t.; 2 feminine singular חָלִית Isaiah 57:10; 1singular חָלִיתִי 1 Samuel 30:13 2t.; וְחָלִי֫תִי consecutive Judges 16:7,11,17, חָלוּ֫ Jeremiah 5:3 (so read, see below); Imperfect וַיָּ֫חַל 2 Kings 1:2; Infinitive suffix חֲלֹתוֺ Isaiah 38:9; חֲלוֺתִי Psalm 77:11 compare below

Pi`el; חֲלוֺתָם Psalm 35:13; Participle חֹלֶה Genesis 48:1 6t. + 1 Samuel 22:8 (see below); חוֺלֶה Nehemiah 2:2; Malachi 1:13; feminine חוֺלָה Ecclesiastes 5:12 3t. (for Jeremiah 4:31 see I. חוּל), construct חוֺלַת Songs 2:5; Songs 5:8; —

1 be or become weak, Samson Judges 16:7,11,17; feel weak Isaiah 57:10 (Che) Ezekiel 34:4,16.

2 become sick, ill Genesis 48:1 (E) 1 Samuel 19:14; 1 Samuel 30:13; 1 Kings 14:1,5; 1 Kings 15:23 (of Asa, = חלא2Chronicles 16:2) 2 Chronicles 17:17; 2 Kings 1:2; 2 Kings 8:7; 2 Kings 13:14 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) 2 Kings 20:12 = Isaiah 39:1; Isaiah 33:24; Isaiah 38:9; Proverbs 23:35; Psalm 35:13; Nehemiah 2:2, compare Psalm 77:11 חֲלוֺתִי for חַלּוֺתִי Che after Bi; lame and sick — i.e. imperfect for sacrifice — of animals Malachi 1:8,13; sick from effect of wounds 2 Kings 8:29 2Chronicles 22:6, compare Proverbs 23:35, מַכָּה with חֳלִי Deuteronomy 28:59,61; Jeremiah 6:7; Jeremiah 10:19; hyperbole sick from love חוֺלַת אַהֲבָה אני Songs 2:5; Songs 5:8; be sick unto dying חלה לָמוּת 2 Kings 20:1 = Isaiah 38:1, עדלֿמות׳ח (late) 2 Chronicles 32:24; Jeremiah 5:3 read probably לֹא חָלוּ֫ (for ᵑ0 חָ֫לוּ, see I. חול) of the people, unmoved by ׳י's chastisements; thou hast smitten them, but they are not sick (compare

Niph`al Amos 6:6); of sickness of the mind in ᵑ0 1 Samuel 22:8 followed by עַל (but read rather חֹמֵל ᵐ5 Gr Klo Dr); participle as adjective severe, sore רָעָה חוֺלָה Ecclesiastes 5:12; Ecclesiastes 5:15; — on Jeremiah 4:31 see חול.

Niph`al Perfect1singular נֶחֱלֵיתִי Daniel 8:27; 3plural נֶחְלוּ Amos 6:6; Jeremiah 12:13; Participle feminine נַחֲלָה Isaiah 17:11 4t.; plural נַחְלוֺת Ezekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) Ezekiel 34:21; —

1 make oneself sick, figurative for strain oneself Jeremiah 12:13 (but Gr נִלְאוּ).

2 be made sick Daniel 8:27; ׳לֹא נֶח of indifference, apathy Amos 6:6 followed by על (compare

Qal Jeremiah 5:3); participle diseased, as substantive with article Ezekiel 34:4 (strike out Co) Ezekiel 34:21; = severe, sore (predicate of מַכָּה) Nahum 3:19; Jeremiah 10:19; Jeremiah 14:17; Jeremiah 30:12; also (מַכָּה omitted) Isaiah 17:11.

Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה make sick, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb + בְּ of land Deuteronomy 29:21; Infinitive construct חַלּוֺתִי הִיא Psalm 77:11 read probably חֲלוֺתִי Infinitive Qal; my sickness, so Bi Che (others derive from חלל my wounding, see De). — For other forms of Pi`el see II. חלה.

Pu`al Perfect be made weak, 2 masculine singular חֻלֵּיתָ Isaiah 14:10.

Hithpa`el Imperfect וַיִּתְחָ֑ל 2 Samuel 13:6; Imperative הִתְחָ֑ל 2 Samuel 13:5; Infinitive הִתְחַלּוֺת 2 Samuel 13:2; — make oneself sick, of Ammon's morbid passion for his sister 2 Samuel 13:2, followed by בַּעֲבוּר; of his pretended sickness of body 2 Samuel 13:5,6.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הֶחֱלִי Isaiah 53:10; 1singular הֶחֱלֵתִי Micah 6:13; plural הֶחֱלוּ Hosea 7:5 (on text see below); Participle מַחֲלָה Proverbs 13:12; —

1 make (sick, i.e.) sore thy smiting הַכּוֺתֶ֑ךָ Micah 6:13 (compare Nahum 3:19, Niph`al); object (implicit) a person, חָפֵץ דַּכְּאוֺ ׳וי הֶחֱלִי Isaiah 53:10 it pleased ׳י to bruise him, making him sick = to bruise him sorely, see further Di.

2 make sick, object לֵב (of hope deferred) Proverbs 13:12.

3 shew (signs of) sickness, become sick, only שׂרים חֲמַת מִיָּ֑יִן ׳הֶח Hosea 7:5 princes are become sick with fever of wine (Now Che VB; > Vrss Hi-St who read הֵחֵלּוּ they begin the day with wine-fever).

Hoph`al Perfect be made sick = wounded הָֽחָלֵיתִי 1 Kings 22:34 2Chronicles 18:33; 35:23.

II. [חָלָה] verb only

Pi`el followed by מְּנֵי, מָּנֶיךָ, מָּנַיִךְ = mollify, appease, entreat the favour of, literally make the face of any one sweet or pleasant (compare Arabic , , be sweet, pleasant, Aramaic , חֲלִי, id., adjective חָלֵי sweet); —

Pi`el Perfect חִלָּה2Chronicles 33:12, חִלִּיתִי 1 Samuel 13:12; Psalm 119:58, וְחִלּוּ consecutive Job 11:19, חִלִּינוּ Daniel 9:13; Imperfect וַיְחַל Exodus 32:11 3t., יְחַלּוּ Psalm 45:13; Proverbs 19:6; Imperative חַלנָֿא 1 Kings 13:6, חַלּוּנָֿא Malachi 1:9; Infinitive construct לְחַלּוֺת Zechariah 7:2 2t.; —

1 ׳אתפֿנייֿ ׳׃ח

a. mollify, pacify, appease ׳י, i.e. induce him to shew favour in place of wrath and chastisement Exodus 32:11 (JE), 1 Kings 13:6 ( + הִתְמַּלֵּל), 1 Kings 13:6; 2 Kings 13:4; Jeremiah 26:19 (+ וַיִּנָּ֫חֶם), 2 Chronicles 33:12 ("" וַיִּכָּנַע מאד מִלִּפְנֵי), Daniel 9:13; also פניאֵֿל ׳ח Malachi 1:9 (followed by וִיחָנֵּ֫נוּ that he may be gracious to us).

b. entreat the favour of ׳י, i.e. aim at success, prosperity, etc., through his favour, 1 Samuel 13:12 (in anticipation of war), Zechariah 8:21,22 ("" ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶתיֿ; of cities and nations assembling at Jerusalem for worship), Zechariah 7:2 ("" ׳לְבַקֵּשׁ אֶתיֿ) of worship at Jerusalem; quite Generally, as habit of God-fearing man, Psalm 119:58 (+ בְּכָללַֿב).

2 entreat favour of men (in sense of 1b) — ׳רַבִּים יְח פנינָֿדִיב Proverbs 19:6 many entreat a prince's favour ("" וְכָלהָֿרֵעַ לְאִישׁ מַתָּן); מָּנָיִךְ ׳יח Psalm 45:13 of favour of king's bride; מָּנַיִךְ רַבִּים ׳וְח Job 11:19 favour of Job when absolved and restored.

beseech, be diseased, put to grief, be grieved, be grievous, infirmity

A primitive root (compare chuwl, chalah, chalal); properly, to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat -- beseech, (be) diseased, (put to) grief, be grieved, (be) grievous, infirmity, intreat, lay to, put to pain, X pray, make prayer, be (fall, make) sick, sore, be sorry, make suit (X supplication), woman in travail, be (become) weak, be wounded.

see HEBREW chuwl

see HEBREW chalah

see HEBREW chalal

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