Strong's Hebrew: 8334. שָׁרַת (sharath) -- to minister, serve
8334. sharath
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Lexicon
sharath: to minister, serve
Original Word: שָׁרַת
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: sharath
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-rath')
Short Definition: minister

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to minister, serve
NASB Translation
assist (1), attendant (4), attended (2), became his personal servant (1), minister (26), ministered (4), ministering (15), ministers (17), personal servant (1), servant (1), servant (2), serve (11), served (6), service (1), serving (1), take care (1), took care (1), used in temple service (2), waiters (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
[שָׁרַת]97 verb Pi`el minister, serve (compare Late Hebrew שֵׁרוּת (temple-)ministry, Phoenician משרת ministry, and perhaps verb שרת minister); —

Pi`el Perfect3masculine singular שֵׁרֵת Numbers 8:26; Deuteronomy 18:7; 3masculine plural שֵׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:6; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיְשָׁ֫רֶת Genesis 39:4, 3masculine plural יְשָֽׁרְתוּ Numbers 3:31 +, etc.; Infinitive construct לְשָׁרֵת Exodus 28:35 +, לְשָׁ֫רֶת שָׁם Deuteronomy 17:12, etc.; Participle מְשָׁרֵת Numbers 11:28 + (2 Samuel 13:9 see מַשְׂרֵת, p. 602:a), feminine מְשָׁרַת 1 Kings 1:15, etc.; — serve:

1 of ministerial service (opposed tomenial, עבד):

a. higher domestic service: Joseph Genesis 39:4; Genesis 40:4 (JE), Elisha's chief servant 2 Kings 4:43; 2 Kings 6:15, royal domestics 2 Samuel 13:17,18; 1 Kings 10:5; 2Chronicles 9:4; Esther 2:2; Esther 6:3, Abishag 1 Kings 1:4,15.

b. of royal officers (late) 1 Chronicles 27:1; 1 Chronicles 28:1; 2Chronicles 17:19; 22:8; Esther 1:10; Proverbs 29:12.

c. Joshua as chief assistant to Moses Exodus 24:13; Exodus 33:11 (E), Numbers 11:28 (J), Joshua 1:1 (D), Elisha to Elijah 1 Kings 19:21.

d. of angels to ׳י Psalm 103:21, compare Psalm 104:4.

e. of kings of nations in prophets Isaiah 60:10.

2 usually of special service in worship:

a. of Levitical priests, absolute 1 Kings 8:11 2Chronicles 5:14; with accusative ׳י Deuteronomy 10:8; Deuteronomy 17:12; Deuteronomy 21:5; Jeremiah 33:21 #NAME?מְשָֽׁרְתֵי אֹתִי Jeremiah 33:22; also Isaiah 60:7 of animals put figurative for those sacrificing them; of foreigners admitted to priesthood Isaiah 61:6, compare Isaiah 56:6; so probably Samuel conceived as priest 1 Samuel 2:11; 1 Samuel 3:1, ׳את פני י 1 Samuel 2:18 (פני probably accusative, compare ᵐ5 τῷ προσώπῳ 1 Samuel 2:11), ׳בְּשֵׁם י ׳שׁDeuteronomy 18:5,7.

b. Levites (P, and late); with accusative of Aaronic priests Numbers 3:6; Numbers 8:26; Numbers 18:2, with accusative of ׳י 1 Chronicles 15:2; 2Chronicles 29:11 a; probably also in reference to Levitical singer Psalm 101:6; with accusative tabernacle Numbers 1:50 (P), congregation Numbers 16:9 (P), people Ezekiel 44:11 + Ezekiel 44:12 (of idolatry); absolute 1 Chronicles 16:4; 2Chronicles 23:6; 29:11; b 2 Chronicles 31:2; Ezra 8:17 (participle as substantive, ministers); לִפְנֵי ׳שׁ ׳אֲרוֺן בְּרִית י 1 Chronicles 16:37, נֶגֶד הַכֹּהֲנִים ׳שׁ2Chronicles 8:14; ׳שׁ with ב location 1 Chronicles 26:12; especially with בְּ, of sacred vessels Numbers 3:31; Numbers 4:9,12,14; 2 Kings 25:14 = Jeremiah 52:18; בַּשִּׁיר 1 Chronicles 6:17.

c. Zadokite priests (Ezekiel), absolute Ezekiel 42:14 3t., with accusative ׳י Ezekiel 40:48 4t., construct מְשָׁרֲתֵי before sacred place Ezekiel 45:4,5; Ezekiel 46:24.

d. Aaronic priests, absolute Exodus 28:35 4t. P; with accusative ׳י 1 Chronicles 23:13; ׳לי2Chronicles 13:10; ׳מְשָֽׁרְתֵי י Joel 1:9,13; Joel 2:17, מְשָֽׁרְתֵי מזבח Joel 1:13, with בַּקֹּדֶשׁ Exodus 28:43 4t. P.

e. of idolatry, with accusative עץ ואבן Ezekiel 20:32.



Strong's
minister unto, serve, wait on

A primitive root; to attend as a menial or worshipper; figuratively, to contribute to -- minister (unto), (do) serve(- ant, -ice, -itor), wait on.

8333
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