International Standard Bible EncyclopediaCOCKLE
kok'-'-l (King James Version margin "stinking weeds," the Revised Version, margin "noisome weeds"; bo'shah, from Hebrew root ba'ash, "to stink"; batos): "Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley" (Job 31:40). On account of the meaning of the Hebrew root we should expect that the reference was rather to repulsive, offensive weeds than to the pretty corn cockle. It is very possible that no particular plant is here intended, though the common Palestinian "stinking" arums have been suggested by Hooker.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Occurs only in Job 31:40
(marg., "noisome weeds"), where it is the rendering of a Hebrew word (b'oshah) which means "offensive," "having a bad smell," referring to some weed perhaps which has an unpleasant odour. Or it may be regarded as simply any noisome weed, such as the "tares" or darnel of Matthew 13:30
. In Isaiah 5:2, 4 the plural form is rendered "wild grapes."
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
) A bivalve mollusk, with radiating ribs, of the genus Cardium, especially C. edule, used in Europe for food; -- sometimes applied to similar shells of other genera.
2. (n.) A cockleshell.
3. (n.) The mineral black tourmaline or schorl; -- so called by the Cornish miners.
4. (n.) The fire chamber of a furnace.
5. (n.) A hop-drying kiln; a cast.
6. (n.) The dome of a heating furnace.
7. (v. t.) To cause to contract into wrinkles or ridges, as some kinds of cloth after a wetting.
8. (n.) A plant or weed that grows among grain; the corn rose (Luchnis Githage).
9. (n.) The Lotium, or darnel.
Strong's Hebrew890. boshah -- stinking or noxious weeds... cockle
. Feminine of b'osh; stink-weed or any other noxious or useless plant -- cockle
see HEBREW b'osh. << 889, 890. boshah. 891 >>. Strong's Numbers. /hebrew/890.htm - 6k