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Bible Concordance
Desolation (131 Occurrences)

Matthew 12:25 Knowing their thoughts, Jesus said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS)

Matthew 24:15 "When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Mark 13:14 But when you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Luke 11:17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation. A house divided against itself falls. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)

Luke 21:20 "But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Exodus 23:29 I cast them not out from before thee in one year, lest the land be a desolation, and the beast of the field hath multiplied against thee; (YLT)

Leviticus 26:31 I will lay your cities waste, and will bring your sanctuaries to desolation, and I will not take delight in the sweet fragrance of your offerings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)

Leviticus 26:32 I will bring the land into desolation; and your enemies that dwell therein will be astonished at it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Leviticus 26:33 I will scatter you among the nations, and I will draw out the sword after you: and your land will be a desolation, and your cities shall be a waste. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT RSV)

Leviticus 26:34 Then shall the land enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, when ye are in your enemies' land; then shall the land rest, and enjoy its sabbaths. (DBY YLT NAS)

Leviticus 26:35 All the days of the desolation it shall rest, the days in which it did not rest on your sabbaths, when ye dwelt therein. (DBY YLT NAS)

Leviticus 26:43 For the land shall be left by them, and shall enjoy its sabbaths, when it is in desolation without them; and they shall accept the punishment of their iniquity; because, even because they despised my judgments, and their soul abhorred my statutes. (DBY YLT)

Joshua 8:28 So Joshua burnt Ai, and made it a heap forever, even a desolation, to this day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

2 Kings 19:25 Hast thou not heard from afar, it I made, From days of old that I formed it? Now I have brought it in, And it becometh a desolation, Ruinous heaps 'are' fenced cities, (YLT)

2 Kings 22:19 because your heart was tender, and you humbled yourself before Yahweh, when you heard what I spoke against this place, and against its inhabitants, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and have torn your clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard you,' says Yahweh. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

2 Chronicles 29:8 Therefore the wrath of Jehovah has been upon Judah and Jerusalem, and he has delivered them to vexation, to desolation, and to hissing, as ye see with your eyes. (DBY)

2 Chronicles 30:7 Don't be like your fathers, and like your brothers, who trespassed against Yahweh, the God of their fathers, so that he gave them up to desolation, as you see. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)

2 Chronicles 36:21 to fulfil the word of Jehovah by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath, to fulfil seventy years. (DBY YLT NAS NIV)

Job 26:7 Stretching out the north over desolation, Hanging the earth upon nothing, (YLT)

Job 30:3 They are gaunt from lack and famine. They gnaw the dry ground, in the gloom of waste and desolation. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS)

Job 30:14 They came upon me as a wide breaking in of waters: in the desolation they rolled themselves upon me. (KJV WBS YLT)

Psalms 35:8 Meet him doth desolation -- he knoweth not, And his net that he hid catcheth him, For desolation he falleth into it. (YLT)

Psalms 40:2 And He doth cause me to come up From a pit of desolation -- from mire of mud, And He raiseth up on a rock my feet, He is establishing my steps. (YLT)

Psalms 63:9 And they who for desolation seek my soul, Go in to the lower parts of the earth. (YLT)

Psalms 69:25 Let their encampment be desolate; let none dwell in their tents. (See RSV)

Psalms 73:19 How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)

Proverbs 1:27 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. (KJV WBS)

Proverbs 3:25 Don't be afraid of sudden fear, neither of the desolation of the wicked, when it comes: (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Isaiah 1:7 Your land 'is' a desolation, your cities burnt with fire, Your ground, before you strangers are consuming it, And a desolation as overthrown by strangers! (YLT NAS)

Isaiah 5:9 In mine ears Jehovah of hosts hath said, Many houses shall assuredly become a desolation, great and excellent ones, without inhabitant. (DBY YLT)

Isaiah 6:11 And I said, Lord, how long? And he said, Until the cities be wasted, without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land become an utter desolation, (DBY YLT)

Isaiah 10:3 What will you do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which will come from afar? To whom will you flee for help? Where will you leave your wealth? (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Isaiah 13:9 Behold, the day of Yahweh comes, cruel, with wrath and fierce anger; to make the land a desolation, and to destroy its sinners out of it. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)

Isaiah 15:6 For, the waters of Nimrim are desolations, For, withered hath been the hay, Finished hath been the tender grass, A green thing there hath not been. (Root in YLT RSV)

Isaiah 17:9 In that day, their strong cities will be like the forsaken places in the woods and on the mountain top, which were forsaken from before the children of Israel; and it will be a desolation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 24:12 The city is left in desolation, and the gate is struck with destruction. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Isaiah 34:11 But the birds of the waste land will have their place there; it will be a heritage for the bittern and the raven: and it will be measured out with line and weight as a waste land. (See NAS NIV)

Isaiah 47:11 Therefore evil will come on you; you won't know when it dawns: and mischief wil fall on you; you will not be able to put it away: and desolation shall come on you suddenly, which you don't know. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Isaiah 51:19 These two things have happened to you. Who will bemoan you? Desolation and destruction, and the famine and the sword; how shall I comfort you? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)

Isaiah 59:7 Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; desolation and destruction are in their paths. (WEB JPS ASV RSV)

Isaiah 60:18 Violence shall no more be heard in your land, desolation nor destruction within your borders; but you shall call your walls Salvation, and your gates Praise. (WEB JPS ASV)

Isaiah 64:10 Your holy cities are become a wilderness, Zion is become a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 2:15 Against him roar do young lions, They have given forth their voice, And make his land become a desolation, His cities have been burnt without inhabitant. (YLT)

Jeremiah 4:7 Gone up hath a lion from his thicket, And a destroyer of nations hath journeyed, He hath come forth from his place To make thy land become a desolation, Thy cities are laid waste, without inhabitant. (YLT)

Jeremiah 4:27 For thus says Yahweh, The whole land shall be a desolation; yet will I not make a full end. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 6:8 Be instructed, Jerusalem, lest my soul be alienated from you; lest I make you a desolation, a land not inhabited. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 7:34 And I have caused to cease from cities of Judah, And from streets of Jerusalem, The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, Voice of bridegroom, and voice of bride, For the land doth become a desolation! (YLT)

Jeremiah 9:11 I will make Jerusalem heaps, a dwelling place of jackals; and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 10:22 The voice of news, behold, it comes, and a great commotion out of the north country, to make the cities of Judah a desolation, a dwelling place of jackals. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 12:10 Many shepherds did destroy My vineyard, They have trodden down My portion, They have made My desirable portion Become a wilderness -- a desolation. (YLT)

Jeremiah 12:11 They have made it a desolation; it mourns to me, being desolate; the whole land is made desolate, because no man lays it to heart. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 18:16 To make their land become a desolation, A hissing age-during, Every passer by it is astonished, And bemoaneth with his head. (YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 19:8 and I have made this city for a desolation, and for a hissing, every passer by it is astonished, and doth hiss for all its plagues. (YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 22:5 But if you will not hear these words, I swear by myself, says Yahweh, that this house shall become a desolation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 25:9 behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, says Yahweh, and I will send to Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these nations around; and I will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and a hissing, and perpetual desolations. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS)

Jeremiah 25:11 This whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS)

Jeremiah 25:12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations. (Root in KJV JPS DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 25:18 to wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and its kings, and its princes, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day; (WEB KJV ASV WBS RSV)

Jeremiah 25:38 He hath forsaken his covert as a young lion; for their land is a desolation because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger. (DBY YLT)

Jeremiah 27:17 Don't listen to them; serve the king of Babylon, and live: why should this city become a desolation? (WEB ASV RSV)

Jeremiah 32:43 and bought hath been the field in this land of which ye are saying, A desolation it 'is', without man and beast, it hath been given into the hand of the Chaldeans. (YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 34:22 Behold, I will command, says Yahweh, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it, and burn it with fire: and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 44:2 Thus says Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel: You have seen all the evil that I have brought on Jerusalem, and on all the cities of Judah; and behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwells therein, (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)

Jeremiah 44:6 And my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are become a waste, a desolation, as at this day. (DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 44:22 so that Yahweh could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which you have committed; therefore your land has become a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without inhabitant, as it is this day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)

Jeremiah 46:17 They have cried there: Pharaoh king of Egypt 'is' a desolation, Passed by hath the appointed time. (YLT)

Jeremiah 46:19 You daughter who dwells in Egypt, furnish yourself to go into captivity; for Memphis shall become a desolation, and shall be burnt up, without inhabitant. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 48:3 The sound of a cry from Horonaim, desolation and great destruction! (WEB ASV RSV)

Jeremiah 48:5 For the ascent of Luhith with weeping, Go up doth weeping, For in the descent of Horonaim Adversaries a cry of desolation have heard. (YLT)

Jeremiah 48:9 Give wings to Moab, that she may fly and get her away: and her cities shall become a desolation, without any to dwell therein. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes. (KJV WBS YLT)

Jeremiah 49:17 Also Edom shall be a desolation: every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof. (KJV WBS YLT)

Jeremiah 49:33 Hazor shall be a dwelling place of jackals, a desolation forever: no man shall dwell there, neither shall any son of man sojourn therein. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Jeremiah 50:3 For come up against her hath a nation from the north, It maketh her land become a desolation, And there is not an inhabitant in it. From man even unto beast, They have moved, they have gone. (YLT RSV)

Jeremiah 50:13 Because of the wrath of Jehovah it is not inhabited, And it hath been a desolation -- all of it. Every passer by at Babylon is astonished, And doth hiss because of all her plagues. (YLT RSV)

Jeremiah 50:23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut apart and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations! (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)

Jeremiah 51:29 The land trembles and is in pain; for the purposes of Yahweh against Babylon do stand, to make the land of Babylon a desolation, without inhabitant. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Jeremiah 51:41 How is Sheshach taken! and the praise of the whole earth seized! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations! (WEB ASV)

Jeremiah 51:43 Her cities are become a desolation, a dry land, and a desert, a land in which no man dwells, neither does any son of man pass thereby. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Jeremiah 51:62 and hast said: Jehovah, Thou, Thou hast spoken concerning this place, to cut it off, that there is none dwelling in it, from man even unto cattle, for it is a desolation age-during. (YLT NAS)

Lamentations 3:11 My ways He is turning aside, and He pulleth me in pieces, He hath made me a desolation. (YLT)

Lamentations 3:47 Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation and destruction. (KJV JPS WBS YLT)

Ezekiel 5:14 Moreover I will make you a desolation and a reproach among the nations that are around you, in the sight of all that pass by. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 6:14 And I have stretched out my hand against them, And have made the land a desolation, Even a desolation from the wilderness to Diblath, In all their dwellings, And they have known that I 'am' Jehovah!' (YLT)

Ezekiel 7:23 Make the chain; for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence. (See RSV)

Ezekiel 7:27 The king shall mourn, and the prince shall be clothed with desolation, and the hands of the people of the land shall be troubled: I will do to them after their way, and according to their own judgments will I judge them; and they shall know that I am Yahweh. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Ezekiel 12:20 The cities that are inhabited shall be laid waste, and the land shall be a desolation; and you shall know that I am Yahweh. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 14:15 If I cause evil beasts to pass through the land, and they bereave it, and it become a desolation, so that no one passeth through because of the beasts; (DBY YLT)

Ezekiel 14:16 though these three men should be in it, as I live, saith the Lord Jehovah, they should deliver neither sons nor daughters: they only should be delivered, and the land should be a desolation. (DBY YLT)

Ezekiel 15:8 And I will make the land a desolation, because they have wrought unfaithfulness, saith the Lord Jehovah. (DBY YLT)

Ezekiel 23:33 You shall be filled with drunkenness and sorrow, with the cup of astonishment and desolation, with the cup of your sister Samaria. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezekiel 29:9 The land of Egypt shall be a desolation and a waste; and they shall know that I am Yahweh. Because he has said,'The river is mine, and I have made it;' (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 29:10 therefore, behold, I am against you, and against your rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt an utter waste and desolation, from the tower of Seveneh even to the border of Ethiopia. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 29:12 I will make the land of Egypt a desolation in the midst of the countries that are desolate; and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be a desolation forty years; and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries." (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 30:12 And I have made floods a dry place, And I have sold the land into the hand of evil doers, And I have made desolate the land, And its fulness, by the hand of strangers, I, Jehovah, have spoken. (See RSV)

Ezekiel 30:14 And I have made Pathros desolate, And I have given fire against Zoan, And I have done judgments in No, (See RSV)

Ezekiel 32:15 When I shall make the land of Egypt a desolation, and the country shall be left desolate of all that was in it, when I have smitten all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am Jehovah. (DBY YLT NAS)

Ezekiel 33:28 I will make the land a desolation and an astonishment; and the pride of her power shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, so that none shall pass through. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 33:29 Then shall they know that I am Yahweh, when I have made the land a desolation and an astonishment, because of all their abominations which they have committed. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)

Ezekiel 35:3 and tell it, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I am against you, Mount Seir, and I will stretch out my hand against you, and I will make you a desolation and an astonishment. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)


Desolation (131 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Desolation, Abomination of. (Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14;
Comp. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION. ...
/d/desolation.htm - 46k

Desolated (21 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 12:11 He hath made it become a desolation, The desolation hath mourned
unto Me, Desolated hath been all the land, But there is no one laying it to ...
/d/desolated.htm - 13k

Passer (9 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 18:16 To make their land become a desolation, A hissing age-during, Every
passer by it is astonished, And bemoaneth with his head. (YLT). ...
/p/passer.htm - 9k

Jackals (20 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 9:11 I will make Jerusalem heaps, a dwelling place of jackals; and I
will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant. ...
/j/jackals.htm - 12k

Wasteness (4 Occurrences)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary 1. (n.) The quality or state of being waste; a
desolate state or condition; desolation. 2. (n.) That which ...
/w/wasteness.htm - 7k

Astonishment (51 Occurrences)
... thyself before Jehovah, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and
against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a ...
/a/astonishment.htm - 24k

Desolating (6 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:15 Whenever, therefore, ye may see the abomination of the desolation,
that was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place ...
/d/desolating.htm - 8k

Inhabitant (54 Occurrences)
... Jeremiah 9:11 I will make Jerusalem heaps, a dwelling place of jackals; and I
will make the cities of Judah a desolation, without inhabitant. ...
/i/inhabitant.htm - 25k

Bittern (4 Occurrences)
... Version. But in the passages noted the kippod is associated with birds,
with pools of water, and with solitude and desolation. This ...
/b/bittern.htm - 14k

Horror (51 Occurrences)
... 30:7 Don't be like your fathers, and like your brothers, who trespassed against
Yahweh, the God of their fathers, so that he gave them up to desolation, as you ...
/h/horror.htm - 23k

2050. eremosis -- a making desolate
... making desolate. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: eremosis Phonetic
Spelling: (er-ay'-mo-sis) Short Definition: desolation, devastation Definition ...
/greek/2050.htm - 6k

2049. eremoo -- to desolate
... eremoo Phonetic Spelling: (er-ay-mo'-o) Short Definition: I destroy, strip, rob
Definition: (a) I make desolate, bring to desolation, destroy, waste, (b) of a ...
/greek/2049.htm - 7k

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

des-o-la'-shun: The Hebrew root for abomination is shaqats, "to be filthy," "to loathe," "to abhor," from which is derived shiqquts, "filthy," especially "idolatrous." This word is used to describe specific forms of idolatrous worship that were specially abhorrent, as of the Ammonites (1 Kings 11:5, 7); of the Moabites (1 Kings 11:7 2 Kings 23:13). When Daniel undertook to specify an abomination so surpassingly disgusting to the sense of morality and decency, and so aggressive against everything that was godly as to drive all from its presence and leave its abode desolate, he chose this as the strongest among the several synonyms, adding the qualification "that maketh desolate" (Daniel 11:31; Daniel 12:11), Septuagint bdel-ug-ma er-e-mo-se-os. The same noun, though in the plural, occurs in Deuteronomy 29:17 2 Kings 23:24; Isaiah 66:3 Jeremiah 4:1; Jeremiah 7:30; Jeremiah 13:27; Jeremiah 32:34 Ezekiel 20:7, 8, 30 Daniel 9:27 Hosea 9:10; Zechariah 9:7. The New Testament equivalent of the noun is bdel-ug-ma = "detestable," i.e. (specially) "idolatrous." Alluding to Daniel, Christ spoke of the "abomination of desolation" (Matthew 24:15 Mark 13:14).

1. The Historical Background:

Since the invasion of the Assyrians and Chaldeans, the Jewish people, both of the Northern and of the Southern kingdom, had been without political independence. From the Chaldeans the rulership of Judea had been transferred to the Persians, and from the Persians, after an interval of 200 years, to Alexander the Great. From the beginning of the Persian sovereignty, the Jews had been permitted to organize anew their religious and political commonwealth, thus establishing a state under the rulership of priests, for the high priest was not only the highest functionary of the cult, but also the chief magistrate in so far as these prerogatives were not exercised by the king of the conquering nation. Ezra had given a new significance to the Torah by having it read to the whole congregation of Israel and by his vigorous enforcement of the law of separation from the Gentiles. His emphasis of the law introduced the period of legalism and finical interpretation of the letter which called forth some of the bitterest invectives of our Saviour. Specialists of the law known as "scribes" devoted themselves to its study and subtle interpretation, and the pious beheld the highest moral accomplishment in the extremely conscientious observance of every precept. But in opposition to this class, there were those who, influenced by the Hellenistic culture, introduced by the conquests of Alexander the Great, were inclined to a more "liberal" policy. Thus, two opposing parties were developed: the Hellenistic, and the party of the Pious, or the Chasidim, chacidhim (Hasidaeans, 1 Maccabees 2:42; 7:13), who held fast to the strict ideal of the scribes. The former gradually came into ascendancy. Judea was rapidly becoming Hellenistic in all phases of its political, social and religious life, and the "Pious" were dwindling to a small minority sect. This was the situation when Antiochus Epiphanes set out to suppress the last vestige of the Jewish cult by the application of brute force.

2. Antiochus Epiphanes:

Antiochus IV, son of Antiochus the Great, became the successor of his brother, Seleucus IV, who had been murdered by his minister, Heliodorus, as king of Syria (175-164 B.C.). He was by nature a despot; eccentric and unreliable; sometimes a spendthrift in his liberality, fraternizing in an affected manner with those of lower station; sometimes cruel and tyrannical, as witness his aggressions against Judea. Polybius (26 10) tells us that his eccentric ideas caused some to speak of him as a man of pure motive and humble character, while others hinted at insanity. The epithet Epiphanes is an abbreviation of theos epiphanes, which is the designation given himself by Antiochus on his coins, and means "the god who appears or reveals himself." Egyptian writers translate the inscription, "God which comes forth," namely, like the burning sun, Horos, on the horizon, thus identifying the king with the triumphal, appearing god.

When Antiochus Epiphanes arose to the throne, Onias III, as high priest, was the leader of the old orthodox party in Judea; the head of the Hellenists was his own brother Jesus, or, as he preferred to designate himself, Jason, this being the Greek form of his name and indicating the trend of his mind. Jason promised the king large sums of money for the transfer of the office of high priest from his brother to himself and the privilege of erecting a gymnasium and a temple to Phallus, and for the granting of the privilege "to enroll the inhabitants of Jerusalem as citizens of Antioch." Antiochus gladly agreed to everything. Onias was removed, Jason became high priest, and henceforth the process of Hellenizing Judea was pushed energetically. The Jewish cult was not attacked, but the "legal institutions were set aside, and illegal practices were introduced" (2 Maccabees 4:11). A gymnasium was erected outside the castle; the youth of Jerusalem exercised themselves in the gymnastic art of the Greeks, and even priests left their services at the altar to take part in the contest of the palaestra. The disregard of Jewish custom went so far that many artificially removed the traces of circumcision from their bodies, and with characteristic liberality, Jason even sent a contribution to the sacrifices in honor of Heracles on the occasion of the quadrennial festivities in Tyre.

3. The Suppression of the Jewish Cult:

Under these conditions it is not surprising that Antiochus should have had both the inclination and the courage to undertake the total eradication of the Jewish religion and the establishment of Greek polytheism in its stead. The observance of all Jewish laws, especially those relating to the Sabbath and to circumcision, were forbidden under pain of death. The Jewish cult was set aside, and in all cities of Judea, sacrifices must be brought to the pagan deities. Representatives of the crown everywhere enforced the edict. Once a month a search was instituted, and whoever had secreted a copy of the Law or had observed the rite of circumcision was condemned to death. In Jerusalem on the 15th of Chislev of the year 145 aet Sel, i.e. in December 168 B.C., a pagan altar was built on the Great Altar of Burnt Sacrifices, and on the 25th of Chislev, sacrifice was brought on this altar for the first time (1 Maccabees 1:54, 59). This evidently was the "abomination of desolation." The sacrifice, according to 2 Maccabees was brought to the Olympian Zeus, to whom the temple of Jerusalem had been dedicated. At the feast of Dionysus, the Jews were obliged to march in the Bacchanalian procession, crowned with laurel leaves. Christ applies the phrase to what was to take place at the advance of the Romans against Jerusalem. They who would behold the "abomination of desolation" standing in the holy place, He bids flee to the mountains, which probably refers to the advance of the Roman army into the city and temple, carrying standards which bore images of the Roman gods and were the objects of pagan worship.

Frank E. Hirsch



Easton's Bible Dictionary
Desolation, Abomination of

(Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; Comp. Luke 21:20), is interpreted of the eagles, the standards of the Roman army, which were an abomination to the Jews. These standards, rising over the site of the temple, were a sign that the holy place had fallen under the idolatrous Romans. The references are to Dan. 9:27. (see ABOMINATION.)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of desolating or laying waste; destruction of inhabitants; depopulation.

2. (n.) The state of being desolated or laid waste; ruin; solitariness; destitution; gloominess.

3. (n.) A place or country wasted and forsaken.

Strong's Hebrew
4875. meshoah -- desolation
... << 4874, 4875. meshoah or meshoah. 4876 >>. desolation. Transliteration: meshoah
or meshoah Phonetic Spelling: (meh-o-aw') Short Definition: desolation. ...
/hebrew/4875.htm - 6k

2721b. choreb -- desolation
... << 2721a, 2721b. choreb. 2722 >>. desolation. Transliteration: choreb Short
Definition: desolation. Word Origin from chareb Definition ...
/hebrew/2721b.htm - 5k

2723. chorbah -- waste, desolation, ruin
... << 2722, 2723. chorbah. 2724 >>. waste, desolation, ruin. Transliteration: chorbah
Phonetic Spelling: (khor-baw') Short Definition: ruins. ...
/hebrew/2723.htm - 6k

5805. azubah -- forsakenness, desolation
... << 5804b, 5805. azubah. 5806 >>. forsakenness, desolation. Transliteration: azubah
Phonetic Spelling: (az-oo-baw') Short Definition: places. ...
/hebrew/5805.htm - 6k

2721. choreb -- dryness, drought, heat
... dryness, drought, heat. Transliteration: choreb Phonetic Spelling: (kho'-reb) Short
Definition: desolation. desolation, drought, dry, heat, utterly, waste ...
/hebrew/2721.htm - 5k

8047. shammah -- waste, horror
... << 8046b, 8047. shammah. 8048 >>. waste, horror. Transliteration: shammah Phonetic
Spelling: (sham-maw') Short Definition: desolation. ... ruin, desolation, waste. ...
/hebrew/8047.htm - 6k

8077. shemamah -- devastation, waste
... shemamah or shimamah. 8078 >>. devastation, waste. Transliteration: shemamah or
shimamah Phonetic Spelling: (shem-aw-maw') Short Definition: desolation. ...
/hebrew/8077.htm - 6k

8414. tohu -- formlessness, confusion, unreality, emptiness
... Word Origin from an unused word Definition formlessness, confusion, unreality,
emptiness NASB Word Usage chaos (1), confusion (1), desolation (1), emptiness (1 ...
/hebrew/8414.htm - 6k

7584. shaavah -- a devastating storm
... 1). desolation. From sha'ah; a tempest (as rushing) -- desolation. see HEBREW
sha'ah. << 7583, 7584. shaavah. 7585 >>. Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/7584.htm - 6k

4876. mashshuoth -- perhaps deceptions
... desolation, destruction. Or mashshu ah {mash-shoo-aw'}; for mshow'ah; ruin --
desolation, destruction. see HEBREW mshow'ah. << 4875, 4876. mashshuoth. 4877 >>. ...
/hebrew/4876.htm - 6k



Related Terms

Desolated (21 Occurrences)

Passer (9 Occurrences)

Jackals (20 Occurrences)

Wasteness (4 Occurrences)

Astonishment (51 Occurrences)

Desolating (6 Occurrences)

Inhabitant (54 Occurrences)

Bittern (4 Occurrences)

Horror (51 Occurrences)

Lair (8 Occurrences)

Appalment (10 Occurrences)

Pelican (5 Occurrences)

Ruined (65 Occurrences)

Abomination (78 Occurrences)

Object (76 Occurrences)

Owl (11 Occurrences)

Dwelling-place (38 Occurrences)

Parched (37 Occurrences)

Ruins (84 Occurrences)

Passes (74 Occurrences)

Dwells (64 Occurrences)

Visitation (17 Occurrences)

Observe (216 Occurrences)

Jordan (188 Occurrences)

Itself (203 Occurrences)

Thoughts (151 Occurrences)

Readeth (19 Occurrences)

Reads (5 Occurrences)

Reading (58 Occurrences)

Reader (5 Occurrences)

Deserts (18 Occurrences)

Disperse (13 Occurrences)

Devastated (20 Occurrences)

Divided (102 Occurrences)

Mourns (13 Occurrences)

Perpetuity (5 Occurrences)

Perpetually (10 Occurrences)

Causes (89 Occurrences)

Consuming (26 Occurrences)

Catcheth (10 Occurrences)

Couching-place (3 Occurrences)

Sacrilege (3 Occurrences)

Standing (334 Occurrences)

Haunt (11 Occurrences)

Drought (20 Occurrences)

Inhabited (64 Occurrences)

Ashkelon (12 Occurrences)

Deserted (54 Occurrences)

Understand (208 Occurrences)

Becometh (82 Occurrences)

Perpetual (57 Occurrences)

Dispersed (28 Occurrences)

Hissed (6 Occurrences)

Ruin (135 Occurrences)

Spoken (631 Occurrences)

Scatter (65 Occurrences)

Stand (542 Occurrences)

Se'ir (36 Occurrences)

Drawn (131 Occurrences)

Ashdod (21 Occurrences)

Mourned (54 Occurrences)

Laid (552 Occurrences)

Desolations (18 Occurrences)

Reviling (47 Occurrences)

Foreigners (76 Occurrences)

Violence (98 Occurrences)

Desirable (49 Occurrences)

Unfaithful (58 Occurrences)

Falleth (119 Occurrences)

Habitation (90 Occurrences)

Seir (38 Occurrences)

Laying (87 Occurrences)

Desolate (189 Occurrences)

Astonished (92 Occurrences)

Burneth (67 Occurrences)

Afar (98 Occurrences)

Prophet (315 Occurrences)

Therein (269 Occurrences)

Fulness (76 Occurrences)

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