Deuteronomy 25:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
his brother's widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say, "This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother's family line."


New American Standard Bible
then his brother's wife shall come to him in the sight of the elders, and pull his sandal off his foot and spit in his face; and she shall declare, 'Thus it is done to the man who does not build up his brother's house.'


King James Bible
Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.


Holman Christian Standard Bible
then his sister-in-law will go up to him in the sight of the elders, remove his sandal from his foot, and spit in his face. Then she will declare, 'This is what is done to a man who will not build up his brother's house.'


International Standard Version
then she is to approach her brother-in-law in the presence of the elders, remove his sandal, spit in his face, and say in response, 'May this be done to the man who does not preserve the lineage of his brother.'


American Standard Version
then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face; and she shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto the man that doth not build up his brother's house.


Douay-Rheims Bible
The woman shall come to him before the ancients, and shall take off his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and say: So shall it be done to the man that will not build up his brother's house:


Darby Bible Translation
then shall his brother's wife come near to him before the eyes of the elders, and draw his sandal from his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto the man that will not build up his brother's house.


Young's Literal Translation
'Then hath his brother's wife drawn nigh unto him, before the eyes of the elders, and drawn his shoe from off his foot, and spat in his face, and answered and said, Thus it is done to the man who doth not build up the house of his brother;
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Context
Widohood and Marriage

5If brothers dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without to a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in to her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother to her. 6And it shall be, that the firstborn which she bears shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel. 7And if the man like not to take his brother's wife, then let his brother's wife go up to the gate to the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuses to raise up to his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother. 8Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak to him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her; 9Then shall his brother's wife come to him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done to that man that will not build up his brother's house. 10And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that has his shoe loosed. 11When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draws near for to deliver her husband out of the hand of him that smites him, and puts forth her hand, and takes him by the secrets: 12Then you shall cut off her hand, your eye shall not pity her.
Cross References
Numbers 12:14
And the LORD said to Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be ashamed seven days? let her be shut out from the camp seven days, and after that let her be received in again.


Deuteronomy 25:8
Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak to him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her;


Deuteronomy 25:10
And his name shall be called in Israel, The house of him that has his shoe loosed.


Ruth 4:7
Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbor: and this was a testimony in Israel.


Ruth 4:8
Therefore the kinsman said to Boaz, Buy it for you. So he drew off his shoe.


Job 30:10
They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.


Treasury of Scripture

Then shall his brother's wife come to him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done to that man that will not build up his brother's house.

loose his shoe Pulling off the shoe seems to express his being degraded to the situation of slaves, who generally went barefoot; and spitting in or rather before (biphney) his face, was a mark of the utmost ignominy.

Ruth 4:7,8 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things...

Isaiah 20:2 At the same time spoke the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth from off your loins...

Mark 1:7 And preached, saying, There comes one mightier than I after me, the lace of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose.

John 1:27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's lace I am not worthy to unloose.

spit

Numbers 12:14 And the LORD said to Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be ashamed seven days?...

Job 30:10 They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

Matthew 27:30 And they spit on him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

Mark 10:34 And they shall mock him, and shall whip him, and shall spit on him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.

So shall

Genesis 38:8-10 And Judah said to Onan, Go in to your brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to your brother...

Ruth 4:10,11 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance...

1 Samuel 2:30 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and the house of your father, should walk before me for ever...

Strong's Concordance
Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.
Topical Bible
Brother Brother's Build Care Declare Draw Drawn Elders Face Family Foot Line Loose Nigh Presence Pull Responsible Sandal Sandals Shame Shoe Sight Spat Spit Thus Town Widow Wife
Resources
Deuteronomy Chapter 25 Verse 9

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OT Law: Deuteronomy 25:9 Then his brother's wife shall come (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 25:8
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