gumnasia: exerciseOriginal Word: γυμνασία, ας, ἡPart of Speech:
(physical) exercise, in a wide sense.
Cognate: 1129 gymnasía (from 1128 /gymnázō, "to train, work out, exercise" and the root of the English term, "gymnasium") – properly, physical training ("bodily exercise").
1129 /gymnasía ("bodily exercise"), used only in 1 Tim 4:8, refers to bodily disciplines used for extreme ascetic practices. That is, when physical exercise (like yoga) is viewed as "the necessary gateway to experience true spirituality." Thus exercise per se is not discouraged here, only required bodily exercises in mystical-physical teachings like theosophy. This ancient (and current) philosophy contends the discipline of the body is one of life's chief concerns and special physical exercises as necessary for spiritual advancment. (cf. Expositor's Greek Testament).
["The words are to be taken in their literal sense as referring to physical training in the palaestra – boxing, racing, etc. Compare 1 Cor 9:24-27. Some, however, find in them an allusion to current ascetic practices; against which is the statement that such exercise is profitable, though only for a little" (WS, 1035).]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 1129: γυμνασίαγυμνασία
a. properly, the exercise of the body in the palaestra.
b. any exercise whatever: σωματική γυμνασία, the exercise of conscientiousness relative to the body, such as is characteristic of ascetics and consists in abstinence from matrimony and certain kinds of food, 1 Timothy 4:8. (4 Macc. 11:19. In Greek writings from Plato, legg. i., p. 648 c. down.)<1>
exercise, training, discipline
From gumnazo; training, i.e. (figuratively) asceticism -- exercise.
see GREEK gumnazo