Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 1544: ἐκβάλλωἐκβάλλω
; imperfect 3 person plural ἐξέβαλλον
marginal reading aorist)); future ἐκβάλω
; pluperfect ἐκβεβλήκειν
(without augment, Mark 16:9
; cf. Winer
s Grammar, § 12, 9; Buttmann
, 33 (29)); 2 aorist ἐξέβαλον
; (passive and middle present ἐκβάλλομαι
); 1 aorist passive ἐξεβλήθην
; future passive ἐκβληθήσομαι
; (from Homer
down); the Sept.
generally for גָּרַשׁ
, occasionally for הוצִיא
; to cast out; to drive out; to send out
1. with the included notion of more or less violence;
a. to drive out, (cast out): a person, Matthew 21:12; Mark 9:15; John 2:15 (ἐκ); Luke 20:12, etc.; passive Matthew 8:12 (T WH (rejected) marginal reading ἐξελεύσονται); δαιμόνια, Matthew 7:22; Matthew 8:16, 31; Matthew 9:33; Mark 1:34, 39; Luke 11:20; Luke 13:32, etc.; ἐκ τίνος, Mark 7:26; ἀπό, Mark 16:9 (L WH Tr text παρά); ἐν τίνι, by, through (Winer's Grammar, 389 (364)), Matthew 9:34; Matthew 12:24, 27; Mark 3:22; Luke 11:15, 19f; τῷ ὀνόματι τίνος, Matthew 7:22; (Mark 9:38 Rst G); ἐπί τῷ ὀνόματι τίνος, Luke 9:49 (WH Tr marginal reading ἐν; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι Mark 9:38 Relz L T Tr WH); λόγῳ, Matthew 8:16; τινα ἔξω τῆς πόλεως, Luke 4:29; Acts 7:58.
b. to cast out: τινα followed by ἔξω, John 6:37; John 9:34; John 12:31 (namely, out of the world, i. e. be deprived of the power and influence he exercises in the world); Luke 13:28; ἔξω with the genitive, Matthew 21:39; Mark 12:8; Luke 20:15. a thing: excrement from the belly into the sink, Matthew 15:17; middle ἐκβαλλόμενοι (i. e. for themselves, that they might the more easily save the ship and thereby their lives) τόν σῖτον εἰς τήν θάλασσαν, Acts 27:38.
c. to expel a person from a society: to banish from a family, Galatians 4:30 (Genesis 21:10); ἐκ (Tdf. omits ἐκ) τῆς ἐκκλησίας, 3 John 1:10.
d. to compel one to depart: ἀπό τῶν ὁρίων, Acts 13:50; to bid one depart, in stern though not violent language, Matthew 9:25; Mark 5:40; Acts 9:40; Acts 16:37 (where distinguished from ἐξάγειν); to bid one go forth to do some business, Matthew 9:38; Luke 10:2.
e. so employed that the rapid motion of the one going is transferred to the one sending forth; to command or cause one to depart in haste: Mark 1:43; James 2:25; τά πάντα (namely, πρόβατα), to let them out of the fold so that they rush forth (others, to thrust them forth by laying hold of them), John 10:4.
f. to draw out with force, tear out: τί, Mark 9:47.
g. with the implication of force overcoming opposing force; to cause a thing to move straight on to its intended goal: τήν κρίσιν εἰς νῖκος, Matthew 12:20. h. to reject with contempt; to cast off or away: τό ὄνομα τίνος ὡς πονηρόν, Luke 6:22 (Plato, Crito, p. 46 b.; de rep. 2, p. 377 c.; Sophocles O. C. 636,646; of actors driven from the stage, hissed and hooted off, Demosthenes, p. 449, 19).
2. without the notion of violence;
a. to draw out, extract, one thing inserted in another: τό κάρφος τό ἐν τῷ ὀφθαλμῷ, Luke 6:42; ἐκ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ, ibid. and Matthew 7:5; ἀπό τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ 4 (where L T Tr WH ἐκ).
b. to bring out of, to draw or bring forth: τί ἐκ τοῦ θησαυροῦ, Matthew 12:35; Matthew 13:52; money from a purse, Luke 10:35.
e. to except, to leave out, i. e. not receive: τί, followed by ἔξω (or ἔξωθεν), Revelation 11:2 (leave out from the things to be measured, equivalent to μή αὐτήν μετρήσῃς).
d. followed by εἰς with the accusative of place, to lead one forth or away somewhere with a force which he cannot resist: Mark 1:12. (On the pleonastic phrase ἐκβάλλειν ἔξω (or ἔξωθεν) cf. Winers Grammar, § 65, 2.)