eritheia: rivalry, hence ambitionOriginal Word: ἐριθεία, ας, ἡPart of Speech:
(the seeking of followers and adherents by means of gifts, the seeking of followers, hence) ambition, rivalry, self-seeking; a feud, faction.
2052 eritheía (from eritheuō, "work for hire") – properly, work done merely for hire (as a mercenary), referring therefore to carnal ambition (selfish rivalry).
Ancient Greek uses 2052 /eritheía ("mercenary self-seeking") of acting for one's own gain, regardless of the discord (strife) it causes. 2052 /eritheía ("selfish ambition") places self-interest ahead of what the Lord declares right, or what is good for others.
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
from erithos (day-laborer)Definition
rivalry, hence ambitionNASB Translation
disputes (2), selfish ambition (3), selfishly ambitious (1), selfishness (1).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 2052: ἐριθείαἐριθεία
, cf. Winer
s Grammar, § 6, 1 g.; (Chandler
§ 99)) (ἐριθια WH
; see Iota and Tdf.
Proleg., p. 88), ἐριθείας
to spin wool, work in wool, Heliodorus
1, 5; middle in the same sense, Tobit 2:11; used of those who electioneer for office, courting popular applause by trickery and low arts, Aristotle
, polit. 5, 3; the verb is derived from ἔριθος
working for hire, a hireling; from the Maced. age down, a spinner or weaver, a worker in wool, Isaiah 38:12
; a mean, sordid fellow), electioneering or intriguing for office, Aristotle
, pol. 5, 2 and 3 (pp. 1302b, 4 and 1303a, 14); hence, apparently, in the N. T. "a courting distinction, a desire to put oneself forward, a partisan and factious spirit which does not disdain low arts; partisanship, factiousness": James 3:14, 16
; κατ' ἐριθείαν
, Philippians 2:3
ad Philadelph. § 8 [ET]; οἱ ἐξ ἐριθείας
, II. 7), Philippians 1:16
() (yet see ἐκ, II. 12 b.); equivalent to contending against God, Romans 2:8 (yet cf. Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage); in the plural αἱ ἐριθείαι (Winers Grammar, § 27, 3; Buttmann, § 123, 2): 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20. See the very full and learned discussion of the word by Fritzsche in his Commentary on Romans, i., p. 143f; (of which a summary is given by Ellicott on Galatians 5:20. See further on its derivation, Lobeck, Path. Proleg., p. 365; cf. Winer's Grammar, 94 (89)).<1>
Perhaps as the same as erethizo; properly, intrigue, i.e. (by implication) faction -- contention(-ious), strife.
see GREEK erethizo