2052. eritheia
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eritheia: rivalry, hence ambition
Original Word: ἐριθεία, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: eritheia
Phonetic Spelling: (er-ith-i'-ah)
Short Definition: ambition, rivalry
Definition: (the seeking of followers and adherents by means of gifts, the seeking of followers, hence) ambition, rivalry, self-seeking; a feud, faction.

HELPS word-Studies

2052 eritheía (from eritheuō, "work for hire") – properly, work done merely for hire (as a mercenary), referring therefore to carnal ambition (selfish rivalry).

Ancient Greek uses 2052 /eritheía ("mercenary self-seeking") of acting for one's own gain, regardless of the discord (strife) it causes. 2052 /eritheía ("selfish ambition") places self-interest ahead of what the Lord declares right, or what is good for others.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from erithos (day-laborer)
rivalry, hence ambition
NASB Translation
disputes (2), selfish ambition (3), selfishly ambitious (1), selfishness (1).

STRONGS NT 2052: ἐριθεία

ἐριθεία (not ἐριθεία, cf. Winers Grammar, § 6, 1 g.; (Chandler § 99)) (ἐριθια WH; see Iota and Tdf. Proleg., p. 88), ἐριθείας, (ἐριθεύω to spin wool, work in wool, Heliodorus 1, 5; middle in the same sense, Tobit 2:11; used of those who electioneer for office, courting popular applause by trickery and low arts, Aristotle, polit. 5, 3; the verb is derived from ἔριθος working for hire, a hireling; from the Maced. age down, a spinner or weaver, a worker in wool, Isaiah 38:12 the Sept.; a mean, sordid fellow), electioneering or intriguing for office, Aristotle, pol. 5, 2 and 3 (pp. 1302b, 4 and 1303a, 14); hence, apparently, in the N. T. "a courting distinction, a desire to put oneself forward, a partisan and factious spirit which does not disdain low arts; partisanship, factiousness": James 3:14, 16; κατ' ἐριθείαν, Philippians 2:3; Ignatius ad Philadelph. § 8 [ET]; οἱ ἐξ ἐριθείας (see ἐκ, II. 7), Philippians 1:16 () (yet see ἐκ, II. 12 b.); equivalent to contending against God, Romans 2:8 (yet cf. Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage); in the plural αἱ ἐριθείαι (Winers Grammar, § 27, 3; Buttmann, § 123, 2): 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20. See the very full and learned discussion of the word by Fritzsche in his Commentary on Romans, i., p. 143f; (of which a summary is given by Ellicott on Galatians 5:20. See further on its derivation, Lobeck, Path. Proleg., p. 365; cf. Winer's Grammar, 94 (89)).

contention, strife.

Perhaps as the same as erethizo; properly, intrigue, i.e. (by implication) faction -- contention(-ious), strife.

see GREEK erethizo

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