2839. koinos
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koinos: common
Original Word: κοινός, ή, όν
Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: koinos
Phonetic Spelling: (koy-nos')
Short Definition: common, shared, unclean
Definition: (a) common, shared, (b) Hebraistic use: profane; dirty, unclean, unwashed.

HELPS word-Studies

2839 koinós – properly, common, referring to what is defiled (stripped of specialness) because treated as ordinary ("common"). 2839 /koinós ("defiled") describes the result of a person reducing what God calls special (holy, set apart) – to what is mundane, i.e. stripping it of its sacredness.

2839 /koinós ("defiled because treated as common") is always used negatively, i.e. for what is profaned – except in Jude 1:3 where it refers to the gift of salvation shared (held in common) by all true believers.

[2839 /koinós ("common") typically refers to spiritual desecration. This happens when a person treats what is sacred (set apart to God) as ordinary ("not special").]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from sun
NASB Translation
common (3), common property (1), impure (2), unclean (5), unholy (5).

STRONGS NT 2839: κοινός

κοινός, κοινῇ, κοινόν (from ξύν, σύν, with; hence especially in epic ξυνός for κοινός, whence the Latincena ((?); see Vanicek, p. 1065));

1. as in Greek writings from Hesiod (Works, 721) down (opposed to ἴδιος) common (i. e. belonging to several, Latincommunis): Acts 2:44; Acts 4:32; κοινῇ πίστις, Titus 1:4; σωτηρία, Jude 1:3.

2. by a usage foreign to classical Greek, common i. e. ordinary, belonging to the generality (Latinvulgaris); by the Jews opposed to ἅγιος, ἡγιασμένος, καθαρός; hence unhallowed, Latinprofanus, levitically unclean (in classical Greek βέβηλος, which see 2): Mark 7:2, 5 (where R L marginal reading ἀνίπτοις); Romans 14:14; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 21:27 (Rec. κοινοῦν) (1 Macc. 1:47; φαγεῖν κοινά; 1 Macc. 1:62; κοινοῖ ἄνθρωποι, common people,profanum vulgus, Josephus, Antiquities 12, 2, 14; οἱ τόν κοινόν βίον προηρήμενοι, i. e. a life repugnant to the holy law, ibid. 13, 1, 1; οὐ γάρ ὡς κοινόν ἄρτον οὐδέ ὡς κονον πόμα ταῦτα (i. e. the bread and wine of the sacred supper) λαμβάνομεν, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 66; (οἱ Χριστιανοι) τράπεζαν κοινήν παρατιθενται, ἀλλ' οὐ κοινήν, a table communis but not profanus, Ep. ad Diogn. 5 [ET], on which cf. Otto's note); κοινόν καί (R G ) ἀκάθαρτον, Acts 10:14; κοινόν ἀκάθαρτον, Acts 10:28; Acts 11:8 (κοινά ἀκάθαρτα οὐκ ἐσθίομεν, Justin Martyr, dialog contra Trypho,

c. 20). (Cf. Trench, § ci.)

common, defiled, unclean, unholy.

Probably from sun; common, i.e. (literally) shared by all or several, or (ceremonially) profane -- common, defiled, unclean, unholy.

see GREEK sun

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