3996. pentheó
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pentheó: to mourn, lament
Original Word: πενθέω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: pentheó
Phonetic Spelling: (pen-theh'-o)
Short Definition: I mourn, lament
Definition: I mourn, lament, feel guilt.

HELPS word-Studies

3996 penthéō – properly, grieve over a death; (figuratively) to grieve over a personal hope (relationship) that dies, i.e. comes to divine closure ("ends").

3996 /penthéō ("mourn over a death") refers to "manifested grief" (WS, 360) – so severe it takes possession of a person and cannot be hid. (This is the same meaning of 3996 /penthéō throughout antiquity, cf. LS, R. Trench, Synonyms.)

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from penthos
to mourn, lament
NASB Translation
mourn (6), mourned (1), mourning (3).

STRONGS NT 3996: πενθέω

πενθέω, πένθω; future πενθήσω; 1 aorist ἐπένθησα (πένθος); from Homer down; the Sept. chiefly for אָבַל; to mourn;

a. intransitive: Matthew 5:4 (); ; 1 Corinthians 5:2; πενθεῖν καί κλαίειν, Mark 16:10; Luke 6:25; James 4:9; Revelation 18:15, 19; ἐπί τίνι, over one, Revelation 18:11 R G L (Isaiah 66:10); ἐπί τινα, ibid. T Tr WH (2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Chronicles 35:24, etc.).

b. transitive, to mourn for, lament, one: 2 Corinthians 12:21 (cf. Winers Grammar, 635f (590); Buttmann, § 131, 4. Synonym: see θρηνέω, at the end.)

mourn, bewail.

From penthos; to grieve (the feeling or the act) -- mourn, (be-)wail.

see GREEK penthos

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