telónés: tax collectorOriginal Word: τελώνης, ου, ὁPart of Speech:
a collector of taxesDefinition:
a publican, collector of taxes.
5057 telṓnēs – a publican; a tax-collector, gathering public taxes from the Jews for the Romans.
[5057 /telṓnēs (literally, "paying-at-the-end") referred to the toll-house where the Romans collected taxes from the public. "Publican/tax-gatherer" (5057 /telṓnēs) is derived from telos ("a tax at the end") and ōneomai ("to buy").]
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a farmer of taxes, i.e. a tax collectorNASB Translation
collector (1), tax collector (5), tax collectors (15).
Thayer'sSTRONGS NT 5057: τελώνηςτελώνης
((which see 2)) tax, and ὠνέομαι
to buy; cf. δημοσιώνης
), from Aristophanes
1. a renter or farmer of taxes (Latinpublicanus); among the Romans usually a man of equestrian rank.
2. a tax-gatherer, collector of taxes or tolls (Vulg.publicanus incorrectly: (so A. V. publican)), one employed by a publican or farmer-general in collecting the taxes. The tax-collectors were, as a class, detested not only by the Jews but by other nations also, both on account of their employment and of the harshness, greed, and deception, with which they prosecuted it; (hence, they are classed by Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 1, 23; 4, 57, with καπηλοις καί τοῖς μετά ἀναιδειας ζῶσι καί λῃσταῖς καί ζυγοκρουσταις καί παραλογισταις ἀνθρώποις; Lucian, necyom. c. 11 puts together μοιχοί, πορνοβοσκοι καί τελῶναι καί κολακες καί συκοφανται (Theophrastus, charact. 6 (περί ἀπονοίας) πανδοχευσαι, καί πορνοβοσκησαι, καί τελωνησαι)): Matthew 5:46, 47 Rec.; ; Luke 3:12; Luke 5:27, 29; Luke 7:29; Luke 18:10, 11, 13; the plural is joined with ἁμαρτωλοί, Matthew 9:10f; (); Mark 2:15; Luke 5:30; Luke 7:34; Luke 15:1; with πόρναι, Matthew 21:31f; ὁ ἐθνικός καί ὁ τελώνης, Matthew 18:17. Cf. Winers RWB, under the words, Zoll, Zöllner; (BB. DD., under the word ; Wetstein on Matthew 5:46; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, i. 515ff).<1>
From telos and oneomai; a tax-farmer, i.e. Collector of public revenue -- publican.
see GREEK telos
see GREEK oneomai