2232. zara
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zara: to sow, scatter seed
Original Word: זָרַע
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: zara
Phonetic Spelling: (zaw-rah')
Short Definition: sow

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to sow, scatter seed
NASB Translation
conceive (1), gives birth (1), perpetuated (1), plant seed (1), scatter (1), set (1), sow (28), sowed (2), sower (2), sowing (2), sown (10), sows (2), unsown* (1), yielding (4).

I. זָרַע verb sow, scatter seed (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian zirû TPPrism vi. 15; Arabic ; Aramaic , זְרַע; Ethiopic but in Sabean דֿרא DHMZMG 1883, 15 and in proper name, Id. in MV10, pp. 242, 983) —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular זָרַע Judges 6:3; 1singular וְזָרַעְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 31:27; suffix וּזְרַעְתִּיהָ consec Hosea 2:25; 3plural זָָֽרְעוּ Jeremiah 12:13; 2masculine plural זְרַעַתֶּם Haggai 1:6; וּזְרַעְתֶּם consecutive Genesis 47:23 2t.; Imperfect יִזְרָ֑ע Ecclesiastes 11:4; וַיִּזְרַע Genesis 26:12; suffix וַיִּזְרָעֶהָ Judges 9:45; 1singular אֶזְדְעָה Judg 31:8; suffix וְאֶזְרָעֵם Zechariah 10:9, etc.; Imperative masculine singular זְרַע Ecclesiastes 11:6; masculine plural זִרְעוּ Hosea 10:12 2t.; Infinitive לִזְרֹעַ Isaiah 28:24; Participle active זֹרֵעַ Isaiah 55:10 3t.; זזֹרֵעַ Proverbs 22:8; Jeremiah 50:16, etc.; Passive participle זָרֻעַ Psalm 97:11 (but on text see below); feminine זְרוּעָה Jeremiah 2:2; —

1 literally sow:

a. absolute sow (seed), do one's sowing Judges 6:3; Genesis 26:12 (J), Isaiah 28:24 (after ploughing חרשׁ); זִרְעוּ וקצרו ונטעו כרמים Isaiah 37:30 = 2 Kings 19:29; "" קצר also Micah 6:15; Leviticus 25:11 (H), Ecclesiastes 11:4; "" אסף Leviticus 25:20 (H); opposed to אכל Job 31:8; זֹרְעֵי עלכֿלמֿים Isaiah 32:20 (on construct compare Ges§ 130, 1); with אתהֿשּׁנה הַשׁמינִת Leviticus 25:22; followed by הַרְבֵּה Haggai 1:6 (opposed to הָבֵא מְעָ֑ט).

b. with accusative of land אדמה Exodus 23:10 (J E; "" אסף), Genesis 47:23 (J); field (שׂדה) Leviticus 25:3 ("" אסף), compare Leviticus 25:4; Psalm 107:37; as passive participle אֶרֶץ לֹא זְרוּעָה Jeremiah 2:2 ("" מִדְבָּר).

c. with accusative of seed אֶתזַֿרְעֲךָ ׳ז Deuteronomy 11:10, compare Deuteronomy 22:9; Jeremiah 35:7; Leviticus 26:16 (H) Ecclesiastes 11:6; followed by חִטִּים Jeremiah 12:13 ("" קצר); compare also בִּכּוּרֵי מַעֲשֶׂיךָ אשׁר תזרע בַּשָּׂדֶה Exodus 23:16 (JE).

d. followed by 2 accusative לֹא תזרע כַּרְמְךָ כִּלְאַ֑יִם Deuteronomy 22:9; compare שָׂדְךָ לֹא תִזְרַע כִּלְאַיִם Leviticus 19:19 (H); זַרְעֲךָ אשׁרתֿזדע אתהֿאדמה Isaiah 30:23; also of destroyed city וַיִּזְרָעֶהָ מֶ֑לַח Judges 9:45.

e. participle active as substantive זוֺרֵעַ Jeremiah 50:16 ("" תֹּפֵשׂ מַגָּל בְּעֵת קָציר); לַֹזּרֵעַ Isaiah 55:10 ("" לָאֹכֵל).

2 of shrub and tree producing, yielding seed, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 1:29 (twice in verse) (P), compare Hiph`il 3. figurative:

a. of Yahweh's sowing (planting) Israel in the land וזרעתיה לי בָארץ Hosea 2:25 (We וזרעתיהו, object being Jezreel); on the other hand וְאֶזְרָעֵם בָּעַמִּים Zechariah 10:9.

b. with 2 accusative, of Yahweh's fructifying Israel and Judah יהודה זֶרַע אדם וזרע ׳וזרעתי אתבֿית ישׂראל ואתבֿ בהמה Jeremiah 31:27.

c. of moral action, זִרְעוּ לָכֶם לִצְדָקָה Hosea 10:12 ("" קצר); צדקה׳ז Proverbs 11:18; אַלתִּֿזְרְעוּ אֶלקֹֿצִים Jeremiah 4:3 sow not in among thorns (said of a few righteous deeds amid much wickedness); especially of evil-doing רוּחַ יזרעו וְסוּפָתָה יִקְצֹ֑רוּ Hosea 8:7; זֹרְעֵי עָמָל Job 4:8 ("" קצר); זוֺרֵעַ עַוְלָה יקצוראָֿוֶן Proverbs 22:8.

d. of Israel's practising idolatry זְמֹרַת זָר תִּזְרָעֶ֑נּוּ Isaiah 17:10 (2 accusative)

e. הזרעים בדמעה בְּרִנָּה יִקְצֹ֑רוּ Psalm 126:5 metaphor of distress followed by joy.

f. אוֺר זָרֻעַ לַצַּדִּיק Psalm 97:11 read probably זָרַח, Vrss Ol Hu Bae Che and others

Niph`al be sown, fructified, Perfect3feminine singular וְנִזְרְעָה consecutive Numbers 5:28; 2masculine plural וְנִזְרַעְתֶּם consecutive Ezekiel 36:9; Imperfect3masculine singular יִזָּרַע Nahum 1:14; יִזָּרֵ֑עַ Deuteronomy 21:4; Leviticus 11:37; 3feminine singular תִּזָּרַע Deuteronomy 29:22; —

1 be sown:

a. subject אֶרֶץ, ולא תַּצְמִחַ ׳לֹא תִזּ Deuteronomy 29:22, compare (of נַחַל אֵיתָן) לא יֵעָבֵּד ׳בּוֺ ולא יִזּ Deuteronomy 21:4; in address to הָרֵי ישׂראל, וְנֶעֱבַּדְתֶּם וְנִזְרַעְתֶּם Ezekiel 36:9.

b. subject זֶרַע, זֶרַע זֵרוּעַ אשׁר יִזָּרֵעַ Leviticus 11:37 (P); figurative מִשִּׁמְךָ עוֺד ׳לֹא יִזּ Nahum 1:14 no more of thy name be sown, in judgment against Nineveh.

2 be fructified, made pregnant וְנִזְרְעָה זָרַ֑ע Numbers 5:28 (P; of woman).

Pu`al Perfect3plural זֹרָ֑עוּ Isaiah 40:24 of princes and judges under figure of trees ("" נִטָּ֑עוּ, שֹׁרֵשׁ בָּאָרֶץ גִּזְעָם).

Hiph`il Imperfect3feminine singular תַּזְרִיעַ Leviticus 12:2; Participle מַזְרִיעַ Genesis 1:11,12; —

1 produce seed, of herb, with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 1:11,12; apparently denominative from זֶרַע; compare Qal 2. 2. of a woman, = bear a child תַּזְרִיעַ וְיָיָָֽלְדָה זָכָר Leviticus 12:2.

זְרַע noun [masculine] seed (compare Biblical Hebrew I. זרע); — construct אֲנָשָׁא ׳ז Daniel 2:43 seed (offspring) of men.

bear, conceive seed, set with sower, yield

A primitive root; to sow; figuratively, to disseminate, plant, fructify -- bear, conceive seed, set with sow(-er), yield.

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