chagar: to gird, gird on, gird oneselfOriginal Word: חָגַרPart of Speech:
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
a prim. rootDefinition
to gird, gird on, gird oneselfNASB Translation
armed (3), bound (1), come trembling (1), dressed* (1), gird (11), gird yourselves (2), girded (15), girds (3), put (4), wearing (3).
] verb gird, gird on, gird oneself
(Late Hebrew id
., Aramaic חֲגַר
; Arabic hinder, restrain
, so Syriac
; Assyrian agâru
, in derivatives, DlW 105 ff.
; Sabean מחגרת
, enclosed space, district
, etc.), DHM in MV; also proper name, of deity and location חגר
, SabDenkm3. 81. 93
CISiv. 1, No. 49 etc
Qal Perfect3feminine singular חָֽגְרָה Proverbs 31:17; 2masculine singular וְהָגַרְתָּ֫ Exodus 29:9; 3plural חָֽגְרוּ Isaiah 15:3; Lamentations 2:10; ׳וְח consecutive Ezekiel 7:18; Ezekiel 27:31; Imperfect3masculine singular יָחְגֹּר Leviticus 16:4, וַיַּחְגֹּר Leviticus 8:7 (twice in verse) + 4 t.; suffix יַחְגְּרֶ֑הָ Psalm 109:19; 2masculine singular תַּחְגֹּר Psalm 76:11 (but on text see below); 3 masculine plural יַחְגְּרוּ Ezekiel 44:18; 2 Samuel 22:46 (but on text of both see below), וַיַּחְגְּרוּ 1 Samuel 25:13; 1 Kings 20:32; 3feminine plural תַּחְגֹּרְנָה Psalm 65:13; 2masculine plural וַתַּחְגְּרוּ Deuteronomy 1:41; Imperative masculine singular חֲגֹּר 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1, חֲגוֺר Psalm 45:4; feminine singular חִגְרִיֿ Jeremiah 6:26; masculine plural חִגְרוּ 1 Samuel 25:13 3t.; feminine plural חֲגֹּרְנָה Jeremiah 49:3, compare חֲג֖וֺרָה Isaiah 32:11 (see below); Infinitive cstr. לַחֲגֹר Isaiah 22:12; Participle act. חֹגֵר 1 Kings 20:11; 2 Kings 3:21; passive masculine חָגוּר Judges 18:11 5t.; feminine construct חֲגֻרַתֿ Joel 1:8; plural חֲגוּרִים Exodus 12:11; Judges 18:16; חֲגֻרִים Daniel 10:5; —
1 transitive, gird some one, with girdle; with 2 accusative Exodus 29:9; Leviticus 8:13 (both P); passive, girded with ephod (accusative) 1 Samuel 2:18; 2 Samuel 6:14; followed by בְּ Daniel 10:5, with accusative and בְּ, figurative Proverbs 31:17, חגרה בְּעוז מתניה Leviticus 8:7 (twice in verse) (P), with accusative מתנים gird up thy loins, i.e. make ready to go 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1, passive Exodus 12:11 (P); compare probably also חֲג֖וֺרָה עַלחֲֿלָצָ֑יִם Isaiah 32:11 gird upon the loins (2nd accusative omitted); on verb. form as Imperative feminine plural see AE Ki Ew§ 226 a Di Du; > as masculine singular Ol§ 234 a Ges§ 48. 5 Sta§ 591 d Kö§ 20. 12.
2 gird on, bind on (= gird oneself with), a girdle Psalm 109:19 (in simile); so especially with accusative שׂק, שׂקים of mourning Isaiah 15:3; Isaiah 22:12; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 7:18; Ezekiel 27:31; 2 Samuel 3:31; Jeremiah 4:8; Jeremiah 6:26; Jeremiah 49:3; also 1 Kings 20:32 (with accusative שׂק + ב before מתנים); passive, followed by על before object of mourning Joel 1:8 (simile); absolute (שׂק omitted) Joel 1:13 ("" ספדו); followed by חֶרֶד 1 Samuel 25:13 (3 t. in verse); Deuteronomy 1:41; Psalm 45:4 חרד על יָרֵךְ ׳ח, so Judges 3:16; 1 Samuel 17:39 (followed by accusative + מֵעַל); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb חגורה ׳ח 2 Kings 3:21; absolute 1 Kings 20:11; passive Judges 18:11,16,17; 2 Samuel 20:8b (where read חֶרֶב Klo Dr — not We), 2 Samuel 21:16; read perhaps also חָגוּר for חֲגוֺר 2 Samuel 20:8 c, so Klo Dr.
3 intransitive gird oneself, followed by בְּ of thing Leviticus 16:4 (P), so בַיָּ֑זַע ׳לֹא יַח they shall not gird themselves with sweat (?), but strike out ᵑ6 Co Sgfr; with accusative of thing (figurative) ׳גִּיל גְּבָעוֺת תַּח Psalm 65:13 with rejoicing the hills gird themselves; compare ׳שְׁאֵרִית חֵמֹת תַּחְ Psalm 76:11 with a remnant (residue) of wraths thou girdest thyself, so Hi Hup De VB; but very doubtful; ᵐ5 Bö Ew read תְּחָגָּ֑ךָ for תַּחגר; Bae Ka omit line as corrupt; compare further Che and critical note — וְיַחְגְּרוּ 2 Samuel 22:46 is text error for וְיַחְרְגוּ, compare "" Psalm 18:46; so Now Hup Kit and others
be able to put on, be afraid, appointed, gird, restrain, on every side
A primitive root; to gird on (as a belt, armor, etc.) -- be able to put on, be afraid, appointed, gird, restrain, X on every side.