3499. yether
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yether: abundant
Original Word: יֶ֫תֶר
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: yether
Phonetic Spelling: (yeh'-ther)
Short Definition: abundant

I. יֶ֫תֶר94 noun masculineNehemiah 2:16 remainder, excellence, excess; — absolute יֶ֫תֶר Nehemiah 2:16 2t.; יָ֑תֶר Proverbs 17:7; construct יֶ֫תֶר Genesis 49:3 84t.; יֶ֫תֶר Isaiah 56:12 (see Baer's note); suffix יִתְרוֺ Isaiah 44:19; יִתְרָם Exodus 23:11 2t. (not Job 4:21, q. v. below II.יֶתֶר); — 1

a. remainder, remnant (with implied inferiority in number or quality), of crops, etc. יִתְרָם Exodus 23:11 (JE), their remnant, i.e. what they (the enemy) leave, so יֶתֶר הַגָּזָם Joel 1:4; יֶתֶר הָאַרְבֶּה Joel 1:4; יֶתֶר הַיֶּלֶק Joel 1:4; יֶתֶר הַמְּלֵטָה הַנִּשְׁאֶרֶת Exodus 10:5 (J); of vessels, יֶתֶר הַכֵּלִים הַנּוֺתָרִים Jeremiah 27:19; of a tree Isaiah 44:19 (= שְׁאֵרִית Isaiah 44:17); elsewhere of person Deuteronomy 3:11 = Joshua 12:4; Joshua 3:12 (both D), Deuteronomy 28:54; Joshua 23:12 (D), 2 Samuel 21:2; 2 Kings 25:11 = Jeremiah 52:15; Ezekiel 34:18; of a rescued remnant of Israel (Judah) Micah 5:2; Zephaniah 2:9 ("" שְׁאֵרִית), Zechariah 14:2; יֶתֶר הַקָּדֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁאַר 1 Kings 22:47; יֶתֶר הָעָם הַנִּשְׁאָרִים Jeremiah 36:9 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 25:11 = Jeremiah 52:15 .

b. remainder, rest, other part of people, elders, etc., 2 Samuel 10:10 = 1 Chronicles 19:11; 2 Samuel 12:28; 1 Kings 12:23; Jeremiah 29:1; Habakkuk 2:8; Ezekiel 48:23; sometimes including a majority Judges 7:6; 1 Samuel 13:2; of common people (opposed to rulers) Nehemiah 2:16; Nehemiah 4:8; Nehemiah 4:13; compare Nehemiah 6:1; of land Deuteronomy 3:13; Joshua 13:27 (P); of other inanimate things Leviticus 14:17 (P), Numbers 31:32 (id.), of years Isaiah 38:10; elsewhere in phrase יֶחֶר דִּבְרֵי the rest of the affairs of, in summaries of reigns of kings of Israel and Judah 1 Kings 11:41 41t. Kings Chronicles; יֶתֶר כָּלדִּֿבְרֵי 1 Kings 15:23; יֶתֶר דְּבָרָיו2Chronicles 28:26.

2. a. excess, שְׂפַת יָ֑תֶר Proverbs 17:7 a lip of excess = arrogant speech (see VB).

b. in adverb phrases, עַל יֶתֶר Psalm 31:24 on the basis of abundance = abundantly, as adverb accusative גָּדוֺל יֶתֶר מְאֹד Isaiah 56:12 great, in abundance, exceedingly, Daniel 8:9 וַתִּגְדַּליֶֿתֶר and grew great in excess, exceedingly (compare much, more than).

c. specifically what is over and above immediate necessities, abundance, affluence Job 22:20; Psalm 17:14.

3 superiority, excellency יֶתֶר שְׂאֵת וְיֶתֶר עָ֫ז Genesis 49:3. — On Job 4:1 see II. יֶתֶר.

II. יֶ֫תֶר noun masculineJudges 16:7 cord (properly as hanging over or down; Aramaic יַתְרָא part of the intestines, ᵑ7 יְתָרַיָּא ropes, cord, rope, chord of arc; Arabic bow-string, lute-string; Ethiopic sinew, cord; stretch bowstring, strain (eyes), be intent, eager, etc.) — יֶתֶ֑ר Psalm 11:2 3t.; suffix יִתְרוֺ Kt Job 30:11 (יִתְרִי Qr); יִתְרָם Job 4:21; — cord, for binding a man Judges 16:7,8,9; bowstring Psalm 11:2; Job 30:11 (according to Qr, opposed to Job 29:20 b; Kt = his cord, with which he reins in my assailants; compare Di Da). Job 4:21 tent-cord Ew De Di RV; yet read perhaps יְתֵדָם their tent-peg, so Ol Hi Sgfr ( > AV their excellency, from I. יֶתֶר).

abundant, cord, exceeding, excellent, plentifully, remnant, residue

From yathar; properly, an overhanging, i.e. (by implication) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging free) -- + abundant, cord, exceeding, excellancy(-ent), what they leave, that hath left, plentifully, remnant, residue, rest, string, with.

see HEBREW yathar

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